Charles Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Lincolnshire
KG GCMG PC JP DL
1stMarquessOfLincolnshire.jpg
Lord Privy Seal
In office
23 October 1911 – 13 February 1912
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded byThe Marquess of Crewe
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Crewe
President of the Board of Agriculture
In office
10 December 1905 – 23 October 1911
Prime MinisterSir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
H. H. Asquith
Preceded byAilwyn Fellowes
Succeeded byWalter Runciman
Lord Chamberlain
In office
15 August 1892 – 22 June 1895
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Lord Rosebery
Preceded byThe Earl of Lathom
Succeeded byThe Earl of Lathom
Governor of New South Wales
In office
12 December 1885 – 3 November 1890
MonarchVictoria
Preceded byLord Augustus Loftus
Succeeded byThe Earl of Jersey
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms
In office
27 June 1881 – 6 July 1885
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Marquess of Huntly
Succeeded byThe Earl of Coventry
Member of Parliament
for Wycombe
In office
24 July 1865 – 17 March 1868
Preceded byMartin Tucker Smith
Succeeded byWilliam Carington
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
17 March 1868 – 13 June 1928
Hereditary peerage
Preceded by2nd Baron Carrington
Succeeded by4th Baron Carrington
Personal details
BornCharles Robert Carrington
(1843-05-16)16 May 1843
Whitehall, London
Died13 June 1928(1928-06-13) (aged 85)
Daws Hill House, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Hon. Cecilia Margaret Harbord (m. 1878–1928; his death)
Children6
ParentsRobert Carrington, 2nd Baron Carrington
Charlotte Drummond-Burrell
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge
Garter-encircled shield of arms of Charles Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire, KG, GCMG, PC, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.

Charles Robert Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire, KG, GCMG, PC, JP, DL (16 May 1843 – 13 June 1928), known as the Lord Carrington from 1868 to 1895, and as the Earl Carrington from 1895 to 1912, was a British Liberal politician and aristocrat.

Background[edit]

Charles Robert Carrington was born at Whitehall on 16 May 1843, the son of Robert Carrington, 2nd Baron Carrington, and his second wife Charlotte, the younger daughter of Peter Drummond-Burrell, 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby.[1] The Hon. Sir William Carington and Rupert Carington, 4th Baron Carrington, were his younger brothers, while Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, was his grand-nephew. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge.[2] He was a lifelong friend of King Edward VII, having first met him in 1854.[citation needed]

On his mother's death in 1879 he became joint hereditary Lord Great Chamberlain of England. Born Charles Carrington, he and his two brothers assumed by Royal Licence the surname of Carington in 1880. In 1896 he assumed by Royal Licence the surname of Wynn-Carington.

Political career[edit]

Carrington sat in the House of Commons as a Liberal for High Wycombe from 1865 until he succeeded his father to the baronies in 1868. He served under William Ewart Gladstone as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms from 1881 to 1885, and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1881.[3]

He was appointed to be the Governor of New South Wales in 1885[4] until 1890 and was appointed to the Order of St Michael and St George as a Knight Grand Cross in June 1885.[5] He again held office under Gladstone and later Lord Rosebery as Lord Chamberlain of the Household from 1892 to 1895. The latter year he was created Viscount Wendover, of Chepping Wycombe, in the County of Buckingham, and Earl Carrington.[6]

In early 1901 he was appointed by King Edward VII to lead a special diplomatic mission to announce the King's accession to the governments of France, Spain, and Portugal.[7]

After the Liberals returned to power in 1905 he served as President of the Board of Agriculture between 1905 and 1911 and as Lord Privy Seal between 1911 and 1912, with a seat in the cabinet in Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith's ministries. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1906[8] and in 1912 he was further honoured when he was made Marquess of Lincolnshire.[9][10]

A noted land reformer, Carrington was a supporter of Lloyd George's redistributive "People's Budget", which he regarded as "bold, Liberal and humane".[11]

Freemasonry[edit]

He was initiated into Isaac Newton University Lodge No. 859, Cambridge, on 28 October 1861 at the age of 18, passed in Cairo some 8 years later, and raised in Royal York Lodge of Perseverance No. 7 on 6 October 1875. On 3 January 1882 he became a member of Royal Alpha Lodge No. 16. Even though he was not a past Master of a Lodge, he was appointed Senior Grand Warden of the United Grand Lodge of England in 1882.

When he became Governor of New South Wales, he found a rivalry of lodges working under the United Grand Lodge of England and the Grand Lodge of Scotland as well as lodges working under other constitutions. Trying to unite the lodges, he became firstly District Grand Master of New South Wales, and then the first Grand Master of the newly consecrated Grand Lodge of New South Wales. However, as he had still not yet been installed as a Worshipful Master, he was first made Worshipful Master at sight of the Lodge Ionic No. 15. Nine senior Masons were present, including Samuel Way. In 1890 he was appointed Provincial Grand Master of Buckinghamshire and after serving five years, he was made Grand Representative in England of the United Grand Lodge of New South Wales. [12]

Family[edit]

Carrington married the Hon. Cecilia Margaret Harbord (1856–1934), daughter of Charles Harbord, 5th Baron Suffield, and Cecilia Annetta Baring, in 1878. They had one son and five daughters. Their only son, Albert Edward Charles Robert Wynn-Carington, Viscount Wendover (1895–1915), died on 19 May 1915 of complications following the amputation of an arm when he was wounded in the fighting at Ypres during World War I.[13]

Having earlier sold his ancestral home, Wycombe Abbey (which became a private girls' boarding-school), Lincolnshire died at his home, Daws Hill House, High Wycombe, on 13 June 1928. The baronies (but not his other titles) passed to his younger brother, Rupert. The marquessate, earldom and viscountcy became extinct.[14] Cecilia, Marchioness of Lincolnshire, died in 1934, aged 78.

Issue[edit]

Life span Marriage(s) Notes
by Cecilia Margaret Harbord
Lady Marjorie Cecilia Wynn-Carington 1880–1968 Married Hon. Charles Wilson (later 2nd Baron Nunburnholme), son of Charles Wilson, 1st Baron Nunburnholme, and Florence Wellesley; had issue.
Lady Alexandra Augusta Wynn-Carington 1881–1955 Married Colonel William Palmer, son of Brig-Gen George Llewellen Palmer; had issue.
Lady Ruperta Wynn-Carington 1883–1963 Married William Legge, Viscount Lewisham (later 7th Earl of Dartmouth), son of William Legge, 6th Earl of Dartmouth, and Lady Mary Coke; had issue.
Lady Judith Sydney Myee Wynn-Carington 1889–1928 Married Walter Keppel, Viscount Bury (later 9th Earl of Albemarle), son of Arnold Keppel, 8th Earl of Albemarle, and Lady Gertrude Egerton; had issue.
Lady Victoria Alexandrina Wynn-Carington 1892–1966 Married, firstly, Lt. Nigel Legge-Bourke, son of Sir Henry Legge and Amy Lambart; had issue. Lt. Legge-Bourke, who was a first cousin of his brother-in-law Viscount Lewisham above, was killed in action in World War I.
Married, secondly, Major Hon. Edric Weld-Forester, son of Cecil Weld-Forester, 5th Baron Forester, and Emma Dixie; had issue.
Albert Edward Charles Robert Wynn-Carington,
Viscount Wendover
1895–1915 Viscount Wendover died from wounds received in action in World War I.[13]

Other descendants[edit]

Among notable descendants are Stephen Wilson, 6th Baron Nunburnholme, Patrick Chichester, 8th Marquess of Donegall, and Rufus Keppel, 10th Earl of Albemarle.

Cousins Tiggy and Eleanor Legge-Bourke are his descendants through his fifth daughter; they are both granddaughters of politician Sir Harry Legge-Bourke, only son of Lt. Nigel Legge-Bourke.[15][16][17]

Ancestry[edit]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1843–1865: The Hon. Charles Carrington
  • 1865–1868: The Hon. Charles Carrington MP
  • 1868–1881: The Rt Hon. The Lord Carrington
  • 1881–1885: The Rt Hon. The Lord Carrington PC
  • 1885: His Excellency The Rt Hon. The Lord Carrington PC
  • 1885–1890: His Excellency The Rt Hon. The Lord Carrington GCMG PC
  • 1890–1895: The Rt Hon. The Lord Carrington GCMG PC
  • 1895–1906: The Rt Hon. The Earl Carrington GCMG PC
  • 1906–1912: The Rt Hon. The Earl Carrington KG GCMG PC
  • 1912–1928: The Most Hon. The Marquess of Lincolnshire KG GCMG PC

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Adonis 2010
  2. ^ "Smith (or Wynn-Carrington), the Hon. Charles Robert Wynn (SMT861CR)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ "No. 24997". The London Gazette. 19 July 1881. p. 3543.
  4. ^ "No. 25461". The London Gazette. 14 April 1885. p. 1669.
  5. ^ "No. 25477". The London Gazette. 6 June 1885. p. 2631.
  6. ^ "No. 26646". The London Gazette. 23 July 1895. p. 4158.
  7. ^ "The King – the special Embassies". The Times (36410). London. 23 March 1901. p. 12.
  8. ^ "Sir Charles Robert Wynn-Carington, 1st and last Marquess of Lincolnshire". The Peerage. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  9. ^ "No. 28586". The London Gazette. 1 March 1912. p. 1558.
  10. ^ Martin, A. W. (1969). "Carrington, Charles Robert [Marquess of Lincolnshire] (1843–1928)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 3 April 2008.
  11. ^ Travis L. Crosby (2014-01-30). "The Unknown David Lloyd George: A Statesman in Conflict". Books.google.co.uk. p. 411. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
  12. ^ "Lord Carrington". Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Viscount Wendover Dead". The Register. Adelaide, South Australia. 21 May 1915. p. 6. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  14. ^ Adonis, Andrew (May 2010). "Carington, Charles Robert Wynn-, marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 13 June 2016. (Subscription required (help)).
  15. ^ Tiggy Legge-Bourke, a Guardian Unlimited special report from The Guardian dated 13 October 1999. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  16. ^ LEGGE-BOURKE, Sir Edward Alexander Henry in Who Was Who 1971–1980 (London, A. & C. Black, 1989 reprint: ISBN 0-7136-3227-5).
  17. ^ Mosley, C. (ed.), Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition (Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), vol. 1, p. 1039.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Adonis, Andrew (December 1988). "Aristocracy, Agriculture and Liberalism: the Politics, Finances and Estates of the third Lord Carrington". Historical Journal. 31 (4).
  • Martin, A. W. (1969). "Carington, Charles Robert (1843–1928)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  • Mayes, Leonard John (1960), The History of Chairmaking in High Wycombe, London: Routledge & K. Paul, OCLC 4378040
  • Venn, J. A. (1953). Alumni Cantabrigienses, part 2, 5 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). p. 545

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Martin Tucker Smith
John Remington Mills
Member of Parliament for Wycombe
1865–1868
With: John Remington Mills
Succeeded by
Hon. William Carington
Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Huntly
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms
1881–1885
Succeeded by
The Earl of Coventry
Preceded by
Lord Augustus Loftus
Governor of New South Wales
1885–1890
Succeeded by
The Earl of Jersey
Preceded by
The Earl of Lathom
Lord Chamberlain
1892–1895
Succeeded by
The Earl of Lathom
Preceded by
Ailwyn Fellowes
President of the Board of Agriculture
1905–1911
Succeeded by
Walter Runciman
Preceded by
The Earl of Crewe
Lord Privy Seal
1911–1912
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Crewe
Court offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Cholmondeley
Lord Great Chamberlain
1910–1928
Succeeded by
Viscount Lewisham
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Rothschild
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
1915–1923
Succeeded by
The Lord Cottesloe
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Marquess of Lincolnshire
1912–1928
Extinct
Earl Carrington
1895–1928
Viscount Wendover
1895–1928
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Robert Carrington
Baron Carrington
2nd creation
1868–1928
Succeeded by
Rupert Carington
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Robert Carrington
Baron Carrington
3rd creation
1868–1928
Succeeded by
Rupert Carington