Robert Young (actor)
This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2021)
Robert George Young
February 22, 1907
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||July 21, 1998 (aged 91)|
(m. 1933; died 1994)
Robert George Young (February 22, 1907 – July 21, 1998) was an American film, television and radio actor best known for his leading roles as Jim Anderson, the father character, in Father Knows Best (CBS, then NBC, then CBS again) and the physician Marcus Welby in Marcus Welby, M.D. (ABC).
Born in Chicago, Young was the son of an Irish immigrant father, Thomas E. Young, and an American mother, Margaret Fyfe. While Young was a child, the family moved to various locations within the U.S., including Seattle as well as Los Angeles, where Young was a student at Abraham Lincoln High School. After graduation, he studied and performed at the Pasadena Playhouse while working odd jobs and appearing in bit parts in silent films. While touring with a stock company producing "The Ship", Young was discovered by a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer talent scout who signed the fledgling actor to a contract. Young made his sound-film debut for Fox Film Corporation in the 1931 Charlie Chan film Black Camel, starring Warner Oland.
Young appeared in over 100 films between 1928 and 1952. In spite of having a "tier B" status, he co-starred with some of the studio's most illustrious actresses, such as Katharine Hepburn, Margaret Sullavan, Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, Helen Hayes, Luise Rainer, Hedy Lamarr, Helen Twelvetrees and (unrelated) Loretta Young. Yet most of his assignments consisted of short B movies, also known as "programmers", which required brief two- to three-week shooting schedules. Actors who were relegated to such hectic routines appeared, as Young did, in some six to eight movies per year.
As an MGM contract player, Young was obligated to accept any film assigned to him or risk being placed on suspension—and many actors who were placed on suspension were prohibited from earning a salary from any endeavor at all, even those unrelated to the film industry. In 1936, MGM summarily loaned Young to Gaumont British in the U.K. for two films; the first, Secret Agent, was directed by Alfred Hitchcock, while the other, It's Love Again, co-starred Jessie Matthews. While in England, he was convinced that MGM intended to terminate his contract, but he was mistaken.
He unexpectedly received one of his most rewarding roles late in his MGM career, in H.M. Pulham, Esq. (1941), which also benefited from one of Hedy Lamarr's most effective performances. He once remarked that he was assigned only those roles which Robert Montgomery and other A-list actors had rejected.
After his contract expired with MGM, Young starred in light comedies and dramas for studios such as 20th Century Fox, United Artists, and RKO Radio Pictures. From 1943, Young had more challenging roles in films like Claudia, The Enchanted Cottage, They Won't Believe Me, The Second Woman, and Crossfire. His portrayals of unsympathetic characters in several of these later films—which had seldom been the case in his MGM pictures—were applauded by numerous critics. In 1949, he returned to MGM briefly to appear in That Forsyte Woman with Errol Flynn and Greer Garson. He played the second lead in Secret of the Incas (1954) starring Charlton Heston, the film upon which Raiders of the Lost Ark was subsequently loosely based. Despite the picture's superior quality while being shot on location at Machu Picchu, it was the last feature film in which he appeared. Young's career had begun an incremental and almost imperceptible decline, despite a propitious beginning as a freelance actor without the nurturing of a major studio. He had continued starring as a leading man in the late 1940s and early 1950s, but only in mediocre films, and occasionally playing supporting roles in important films. Then, he subsequently disappeared from the silver screen—only to reappear, successfully, several years later on a much smaller one.
Today, Young is most remembered as the affable insurance salesman in the long-running popular sitcom Father Knows Best (1949–1954 on radio, 1954–1960 on television), for which he and his co-star Jane Wyatt won several Emmy Awards. Elinor Donahue ("Betty"), Billy Gray ("Bud"), and Lauren Chapin ("Kathy") played the Anderson children in the television version.
The popular phrase "I'm not a doctor, but I play one on TV" from a commercial for Vicks 44 cough medicine has been erroneously attributed to Young due to his Marcus Welby, MD fame. It was actually spoken by actor Chris Robinson and then by Peter Bergman during the 1980s.
Personal life and death
Young was married to Betty Henderson for 61 years from 1933 until her death in 1994. They had four daughters: Carol Proffitt, Barbara Beebe, Kathy Young, and Betty Lou Gleason. They also had six grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren.
Despite his trademark portrayal of happy, well-adjusted characters, Young's bitterness toward Hollywood casting practices never diminished, and he suffered from depression and alcoholism, culminating in a suicide attempt in January 1991. Later, he spoke candidly about his personal problems in an effort to encourage others to seek help. The Robert Young Community Mental Health Center is named after Young in honor of his work toward passage of the 708 Illinois Tax Referendum, which established a property tax to support mental health programs in his home state. The center started in Rock Island, Illinois, and now has sites in both Iowa and Illinois, as part of the Quad-City metropolitan area.
|1928||The Godless Girl||Student||Uncredited|
|1931||The Black Camel||Jimmy Bradshaw||A Warner Oland / Charlie Chan film|
|1931||The Sin of Madelon Claudet||Dr. Lawrence Claudet||Alternative title: The Lullaby|
|1931||Hell Divers||Graham - Pilot Reporting Missing Airplanes||Uncredited|
|1931||The Guilty Generation||Marco Ricca—aka John Smith|
|1932||The Wet Parade||Kip Tarleton|
|1932||New Morals for Old||Ralph Thomas|
|1932||Strange Interlude||Gordon Evans (as a Young Man)||Alternative title: Strange Interval|
|1932||The Kid from Spain||Ricardo|
|1933||Men Must Fight||Lt. Geoffrey Aiken|
|1933||Today We Live||Claude|
|1933||Hell Below||Lieutenant (JG) Ed "Brick" Walters|
|1933||Tugboat Annie||Alexander "Alec" Brennan|
|1933||Saturday's Millions||Jim Fowler|
|1933||The Right to Romance||Bobby Preble|
|1934||The House of Rothschild||Captain Fitzroy|
|1934||Lazy River||William "Bill" Drexel|
|1934||Hollywood Party||Himself, Radio Announcer||Uncredited|
|1934||Whom the Gods Destroy||Jack Forrester|
|1934||Paris Interlude||Pat Wells|
|1934||Death on the Diamond||Larry Kelly|
|1934||The Band Plays On||Tony Ferrera|
|1934||La ciudad de cartón||Himself|
|1935||West Point of the Air||Little Mike Stone|
|1935||Vagabond Lady||Tony Spear|
|1935||Calm Yourself||Preston 'Pat' Patton|
|1935||Red Salute||Uncle Sam|
|1935||Remember Last Night?||Tony Milburn|
|1935||The Bride Comes Home||Jack Bristow|
|1936||It's Love Again||Peter Carlton|
|1936||The Three Wise Guys||Joe Hatcher|
|1936||Secret Agent||Robert Marvin|
|1936||The Bride Walks Out||Hugh McKenzie|
|1936||Sworn Enemy||Henry 'Hank' Sherman|
|1936||The Longest Night||Charley Phelps|
|1937||Dangerous Number||Henry 'Hank' Medhill|
|1937||I Met Him in Paris||Gene Anders|
|1937||Married Before Breakfast||Tom Wakefield|
|1937||The Emperor's Candlesticks||Grand Duke Peter|
|1937||The Bride Wore Red||Rudi Pal|
|1937||Navy Blue and Gold||Roger "Rog" Ash|
|1938||Paradise for Three||Fritz Hagedorn||Alternative title: Romance for Three|
|1938||Three Comrades||Gottfried Lenz|
|1938||The Toy Wife||Andre Vallaire|
|1938||Rich Man, Poor Girl||Bill Harrison|
|1938||The Shining Hour||David Linden|
|1939||Honolulu||Brooks Mason / George Smith|
|1939||Bridal Suite||Neil McGill|
|1939||Maisie||Charles "Slim" Martin|
|1939||Miracles for Sale||Michael "Mike" Morgan|
|1940||Northwest Passage||Langdon Towne|
|1940||The Mortal Storm||Fritz Marberg|
|1940||Sporting Blood||Myles Vanders|
|1940||Dr. Kildare's Crisis||Douglas "Doug" Lamont|
|1941||Western Union||Richard Blake|
|1941||The Trial of Mary Dugan||Jimmy Blake|
|1941||Lady Be Good||Edward "Eddie" Crane|
|1941||Married Bachelor||Randolph Haven|
|1941||H. M. Pulham, Esq.||Harry Moulton Pulham|
|1942||Joe Smith, American||Joe Smith|
|1942||Cairo||Homer Smith, aka Juniper Jones|
|1942||Journey for Margaret||John Davis|
|1943||Slightly Dangerous||Bob Stuart|
|1943||Sweet Rosie O'Grady||Sam MacKeever|
|1944||The Canterville Ghost||Cuffy Williams|
|1945||The Enchanted Cottage||Oliver Bradford|
|1945||Those Endearing Young Charms||Lt. Hurley 'Hank' Travers|
|1946||Claudia and David||David Naughton|
|1946||The Searching Wind||Alex Hazen|
|1946||Lady Luck||Larry Scott|
|1947||They Won't Believe Me||Larry Ballentine|
|1948||Sitting Pretty||Harry King|
|1949||Adventure in Baltimore||Dr. Andrew Sheldon|
|1949||That Forsyte Woman||Philip Bosinney||Alternative title: The Forsyte Saga|
|1949||Bride for Sale||Steve Adams|
|1949||And Baby Makes Three||Vernon "Vern" Walsh|
|1950||The Second Woman||Jeff Cohalan|
|1951||Goodbye, My Fancy||Doctor James Merrill|
|1952||The Half-Breed||Dan Craig|
|1954||The Big Moment||Narrator|
|1954||Secret of the Incas||Stanley Moorehead||Final film|
|1954||Ford Television Theatre||Tom Warren||1 episode|
|1954–1960||Father Knows Best||Jim Anderson||203 episodes|
|1955||Climax!||Lieutenant Commander Knowles||1 episode|
|1961||Window on Main Street||Cameron Garrett Brooks||17 episodes|
|1965||Dr. Kildare||Dr. Gilbert Winfield||1 episode|
|1965||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre: The Admiral||Admiral Matt Callahan||1 episode|
|1968||The Name of the Game||Herman Allison||1 episode|
|1969–1976||Marcus Welby, M.D.||Dr. Marcus Welby||170 episodes|
|1972||All My Darling Daughters||Judge Charles Raleigh||Television film|
|1973||My Darling Daughters' Anniversary||Judge Charles Raleigh||Television film|
|1977||Father Knows Best Reunion||Jim Anderson||Television film|
|1977||Father Knows Best: Home for Christmas||Jim Anderson||Television film|
|1978||Little Women||Grandpa James Lawrence||Television film|
|1984||The Return of Marcus Welby, M.D.||Dr. Marcus Welby||Television film|
|1987||American Masters||Edward "Eddie" Crane||1 episode|
|1987||Mercy or Murder?||Roswell Gilbert||Television film|
|1987||A Conspiracy of Love||Joe Woldarski||Television film|
|1988||Marcus Welby, M.D.: A Holiday Affair||Dr. Marcus Welby||Television film (final appearance)|
|1949–1954||Father Knows Best||Jim Anderson|
|1943||Suspense||Episode: "A Friend to Alexander"|
|1946||Suspense||Episode: "The Night Reveals"|
|1952||Suspense||Episode: "The Frameup"|
Awards and nominations
|Year||Award||Result||Category||Film or series|
|1979||BAFTA Award||Won||Best Specialised Film||Twenty Times More Likely|
|1956||Emmy Award||Nominated||Best Actor - Continuing Performance||Father Knows Best|
|1957||Won||Best Continuing Performance by an Actor in a Dramatic Series||Father Knows Best|
|1958||Won||Best Continuing Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic or Comedy Series||Father Knows Best|
|1959||Nominated||Best Actor in a Leading Role (Continuing Character) in a Comedy Series||Father Knows Best|
|1970||Won||Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
|1971||Nominated||Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in Drama||Vanished|
|Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
|1972||Nominated||Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
|1970||Golden Globe Award||Nominated||Best TV Actor - Drama||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
|1971||Best TV Actor - Drama||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
|1972||Won||Best TV Actor - Drama||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
|1973||Nominated||Best TV Actor - Drama||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
|1974||Best TV Actor - Drama||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
|2003||TV Land Award||Nominated||Classic TV Doctor of the Year||Marcus Welby, M.D.|
- Jackson, Kenneth T.; Markoe, Arnie; Markoe, Karen (1998). The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. Simon and Schuster. p. 645. ISBN 0-684-80663-0.
- Newcomb, Horace (2004). Encyclopedia of Television (2 ed.). CRC Press. p. 856. ISBN 1-57958-411-X.
- Pace, Eric (August 26, 1982). "Advertising; Last Cup of Sanka for Dr. Welby". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- Kazmin, Amy Louise (January 20, 1991). "Robert Young, 83, Attempted Suicide, Authorities Reveal". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- "A Safety Net in Peril: The State of Public Mental Health in the Quad-Cities" (PDF). January 13, 2018.
- "'Marcus Welby' actor Robert Young dies". cnn.com. July 22, 1998. Archived from the original on October 2, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Robert Young; Los Angeles Times Hollywood Star Walk Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Blackstone Audio 'Suspense' Vol. 2 issued 2015
- Kirby, Walter. "Better Radio Programs for the Week".
- Kirby, Walter (March 23, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 44. Retrieved May 21, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Eames, John Douglas (1986). The MGM Story. New York City: Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-517-52389-2.
- Gartside, Michael (2000–2001). Robert Young's British Films. Muscatine, IA: Films of the Golden Age.
- Jewell, Richard B.; Harbin, Vernon (1982). The RKO Story. New York City: Crown Publishers.
- Katz, Ephraim (1981). The Film Encyclopedia. New York City: Harper Perennial.
- Shipman, David (1970). The Great Movie Stars: The Golden Years. New York City: Bonanza Books.