Robert Young Pelton

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Robert Young Pelton
Born (1955-07-25) July 25, 1955 (age 65)
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
OccupationJournalist, author, film director
ChildrenTwin daughters

Robert Young Pelton (born July 25, 1955) is a Canadian-American author, journalist, and documentary film director. Pelton's work usually consists of conflict reporting and interviews with military and political figures in war zones.

Pelton has been present at conflicts such as the Battle of Qala-i-Jangi in Afghanistan, the Battle of Grozny (1999-2000)[1] in Chechnya, the rebel campaign to take Monrovia in Liberia, and the siege on Villa Somalia in Mogadishu, and has been with ground forces in about 40 other conflicts.

He spent time with the Taliban and the Northern Alliance[2] pre 9/11, the CIA during the hunt for Bin Laden[3][4] and also with both insurgents and Blackwater security contractors during the war in Iraq[5][6][7]

Pelton's regularly published survival and political guide The World's Most Dangerous Places, provides practical and survival information for people who work and travel in high-risk zones, and is a New York Times bestseller.[8] He was also host of the Discovery Travel Channel series entitled Robert Young Pelton's The World's Most Dangerous Places from 1998 to 2003. Now residing in Los Angeles, Pelton currently writes books, and produces documentaries on conflict-related subjects and documentaries.[9][10][11][12][13]

Early life[edit]

Pelton was born July 25, 1955, in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. At age 10, he attended Saint John's Cathedral Boys' School in Selkirk, Manitoba.


At age 17, Pelton began in the Toronto mailroom of the ad agency BBDO before being promoted to copywriter.[14] He then worked for various multimedia companies that did product launches, which led to him working for Apple Inc., where he worked on the Lisa and later the Macintosh launch.[15][16] His first break as a writer came in 1991, when he reported on the Camel Trophy, an annual competition by Land Rover across difficult terrain in Africa. Pelton competed for the U.S. team and published his account in Soldier of Fortune.[14][17]

In 1993, Pelton purchased the name to the Fielding's Travel Guide from William Morrow and Company and published some traditional guides[18] that were refocused toward younger, independent travelers.[19]

Pelton licensed databased travel content to companies such as Microsoft and IBM, selling his businesses to turn full-time to conflict coverage in the mid 1990s.[citation needed] He began with a two-book deal from Random House (The Adventurist and Come Back Alive), a television series from Discovery called Robert Young Pelton's The World's Most Dangerous Places, and a major web event with ABC News called Dangerous Places.[citation needed] Pelton created the concept of "solo" or "solo journalist".[20] someone who provides text, video, photos, and audio from remote regions without support.

He founded the website Dangerous Magazine at which he published his own and other writers' articles about adventure travel.[21][22]

In January 2003, Pelton was on assignment for National Geographic Adventure in the Darién Gap when two 22-year-old travelers and he were abducted by the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia. The trio was held in the jungle for 10 days before being released.[23][24][25][26]

Pelton contributed to National Geographic Adventure as both a contributing editor and a columnist from January 2001 to 2007.[citation needed] In December 2007, he released an article on Blackwater Worldwide.[citation needed] He was involved in negotiations with the President of Equatorial Guinea regarding the early release of coup plotters Simon Mann and Nick du Toit, who had worked for Executive Outcomes in the mid-1990s.[citation needed] The story was documented in the May 2008 Men's Journal article "How to Stage a Coup".[citation needed]

In 2006, Pelton teamed up with Eason Jordan, former head of international news for CNN, and several others to launch Iraq Slogger, a clearinghouse of news and information coming out of Iraq during the Iraq War. The site was intended to aggregate articles by both foreign correspondents and Iraqi journalists, as well as nonprofessionals.[27][28][29] According to Pelton, the site had insufficient income and ceased operations in 2009.[30]

In December 2008, Pelton travelled the Horn of Africa with both pirates and an antipiracy crew researching the piracy and antipiracy industry.[citation needed] In January 2009, Pelton resumed immersion-style coverage by going inside the U.S. Army's controversial Human Terrain System.[31] Around that time, he also spent a year as an advisor to NATO's Afghanistan commander.[32]

In 2008, Pelton and Jordan founded AfPax Insider, a newsgathering and research service in Afghanistan and Pakistan modeled on Iraq Slogger. The venture provided free content on its website and was partially funded by the U.S. military.[29][33] Controversy arose when a Defense Department official who was operating an unauthorized spy ring[34] allegedly diverted funds that were intended to pay AfPax.[29][35][30] According to Jordan, the venture never had a "full-fledged launch" into offering a premium subscription service to private clients, and due to insufficient funding, remained a free website[35] until it became inactive in August 2009.[30]

Somalia Report

In 2011, Pelton created Somalia Report. With assistance from around 140 locals and western editors, Pelton provided ground coverage of al-Shabaab, pirates, governments, contractors, intelligence groups, and regular people on a 24/7 information website.

Migrant Report

In June 2015, Pelton started publishing the Migrant Report to track the movement of refugees and migrants.[36][37] The venture was sponsored by a non-profit organization in Malta.[36] and provided in depth coverage from Libya, Myanmar and Bangladesh.


The World's Most Dangerous Places

Pelton's first major writing project was his self-published guide to conflict The World's Most Dangerous Places.[38] The book was written in the style of a humorous travel guide. The first edition was written in 1993; it currently is in its fifth edition from Harper Resource.[citation needed]

The Adventurist

The Adventurist is Pelton's autobiography that covers his childhood and an assortment of later travel experiences around the world up until 1999.[39][40]

Come Back Alive

A real-world survival guide, it is written in a humorous style.

Hunter, Hammer and Heaven, Three Worlds Gone Mad

A 2002 book on Pelton's journey into three wars in three tiny countries Chechnya, Sierra Leone and Bougainville, which were examples of a jihad against the Russians, a mercenary war for resources, and an ecowar to preserve a native lifestyle.[citation needed]

Licensed to Kill, Hired Guns in the War on Terror

Pelton has written about contemporary private military contractors (Licensed to Kill, Hired Guns in the War on Terror), as well as his experiences with US Special Forces in the opening weeks in the War on Terror.[41][42][43][44] Of Licensed to Kill, one reviewer summarized: "His is a journalistic story-quilt of characters engaged as private security contractors and mercenaries in a variety of settings from Afghanistan to Equatorial Guinea.... The pages turn... because Pelton's stories are intrinsically interesting."[45] The book was reviewed by author and filmmaker Sebastian Junger ("An incredible look into the murky and virtually impenetrable world of private military contractors . . . Pelton may well have seen the future.") and terrorism expert Peter Bergen ("A rollicking read that takes the reader inside the murky world of military contractors—from the craggy passes of the Afghan-Pakistan border, to the extreme danger of Baghdad's airport road, to the diamond fields of Africa. Licensed to Kill is not only a great travelogue, [but] it also has some important things to say about the brave new world of privatized violence").


Raven, Pelton's only novel, is a fictionalized account of his early life interwoven with experiences in the Pacific Northwest.[citation needed]

Civilian Warriors

In July 2013, Pelton stated in an interview with Spy Talk's Jeff Stein[46] that Erik Prince had come to him to fix a ghostwritten autobiography that Prince had been unsuccessfully trying to publish since February 2008 with Regnery[47] and again in 2010[48] with Simon & Schuster. According to the interview, Pelton rewrote Prince's book, hired a fact checker to remove numerous plagiarized passages from the previous writers and dissuaded Prince from self-publishing,[49] getting Prince a US$1 million advance from Adrian Zackheim at Penguin Publishing. According to the Washington Post, Prince tried to block Pelton's ownership and copyright by suing Pelton in Federal court,[50] initially alleging Pelton had stolen his book[51] and then filed urgent papers, demanding[52] that the federal court in Virginia, under presiding Judge Leonie Brinkema, dismiss Prince's case before it was brought to a jury trial. Pelton then sued Prince in Loudon County with a court case scheduled for December 2017. Blackwater founder Erik Prince prevailed in a legal battle with ex-business partner Young Pelton, a Northern Virginia jury awarded Prince $2.6 million in civil damages on numerous counts, including breach of contract and fraud.[53]

Legal disputes[edit]

Erik Prince

A legal battle between DPx Gear, a company Pelton designs knives for, and Erik Prince, the founder of Blackwater ended in 2017 with a Northern Virginia jury awarded Prince $2.6 million in civil damages on numerous counts, including breach of contract and fraud. [54]


In late 2001, Pelton began writing feature stories for National Geographic Adventure and then continued writing a column until 2009 entitled, "Pelton's World" for National Geographic Adventure. His feature stories for National Geographic covered his journeys into Afghanistan, Iraq and Colombia.

Pelton has been profiled in numerous magazines including The World's Most Dangerous Friend by Tim Cahill (writer) in Men's Journal covering topics such as Blackwater, the U.S. military Human Terrain System, South African mercenaries, and American military volunteers in rebel-held Burma. He also has written about his time with Somali pirates and maritime antipiracy security teams for Bloomberg Businessweek and security contractors in Iraq for Popular Mechanics.

Saving South Sudan

In May 2014, Vice magazine released a multimedia event[55] which featured Pelton traveling[56] with photographer Tim Freccia and with a former Lost Boy, Machot Lap Thiep,[57] to South Sudan at the height of the fighting. It was the first time in Vice's 21-year history[58] that a single author and single photographer created an entire issue on one topic. The 130-page, 50,000-word article was also released online and in conjunction with a three-part, 40-minute documentary.[59][60] A documentary film entitled Saving South Sudan accompanied the article.[59][61]

Graphic novels[edit]

Artist Billy Tucci illustrated and wrote a 64-page illustrated novel entitled Roll Hard based on one of Pelton's chapters in Licensed to Kill. The book documents the true story of a team of Blackwater misfits who must travel up and down the most dangerous road in Iraq. Pelton rode every mission with the team for a month, which routinely came under attack. After Pelton left the team, they were hit by an IED with one fatality and a number wounded. Wired magazine described it as "At a time when comics are still dominated by busty babes, zombies and superheroes wearing tights, Pelton and Tucci's gritty, journalistic portrayal of America's fighters-for-hire is a profound departure."[62]

Publishers Weekly described the book: "While that's a prime setup for endless scenes of action-movie carnage, the narrative instead focuses on the men as professionals and what makes them put their lives on the line for a daily payout around $600. It's that spotlight on the humanity of the contractors that makes this an engaging read, and artist Tucci (Sgt. Rock: The Lost Battalion) turns in understated, realistic artwork that is among the finest of his career. While the role of contractors in the Iraq conflict is controversial, this gives it a human face."[63]

Rebel, Jihadi and Insurgent Groups[edit]

In order to gain access, Pelton has spent an unusual amount of time living with, traveling with and documenting some of the world's best known insurgent groups. Some of the groups Pelton has lived with and interviewed include, the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan, the LURD in Liberia, MILF in the Southern Philippines, Bougainville Revolutionary Army, the Sudan People's Liberation Army in Southern Sudan, the Taliban in Afghanistan, the FARC and AUC in Colombia, the Chechen rebels and the Karen National Liberation Army, the Karen National Union and the Free Burma Rangers in Burma[64] His access and interviews initially were to create The World's Most Dangerous Places. His unusual and death-defying efforts to get this access soon then morphed into his TV series and then into a series of other books and film projects.

Pelton has shown how he gets access and world exclusive interviews in his TV series The World's Most Dangerous Places for the Discovery Channel, investigating and reporting from the inside the drug business in Colombia and Peru, the mafia in Georgia and Turkey, and bounty hunting in Mexico.

Television series[edit]

Pelton executive produced and hosted seven one-hour specials for Discovery (these aired on The Travel Channel which at the time was owned by Discovery Communications) from 1998 until 2003.[citation needed]


Pelton produced "House of War" with documentary director Paul Yule to document the largest and most bloody battle in Operation Enduring Freedom, the Battle of Qala-i-Jangi.

Pelton went to Iraq to cover the war for ABC Investigative and then led a search for a find of chemical tipped rockets for CBS's 60 Minutes. Pelton eventually chose to stay along the Syrian border with insurgents and later document evidence of mass graves around the country, traveling in a red Bentley previously owned by Uday Hussein.

Pelton would return to Iraq in late 2004 to live with a Blackwater USA security team running Route Irish in Baghdad while researching his book Licensed to Kill, Hired Guns in the War on Terror.

National Geographic TV hired Pelton to go inside the world of private security contractors for the film Iraq: Guns For Hire.

His documentary for Vice was the first time the White Army had been filmed in combat and the first interview with Riek Machar and his wife after they fled to the bush. The film was part of a web event that was released with an entire issue on South Sudan and Pelton's trip published by Vice.[65]

Joseph Kony expedition[edit]

In 2013, Pelton launched a crowd funded campaign to raise money for an expedition to locate Ugandan warlord Joseph Kony,[66][67][68][69] but the effort failed after only about $10,000 was raised.[70]

Migrant Offshore Aid Station[edit]

As of 2014, Pelton has been a strategic advisor to Christopher and Regina Catrambone, the founders of the Search and Rescue NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station or MOAS. In addition to advising the charity, Pelton arranged feature profile articles in the New York Times and other media. Pelton also provided on the ground research on migrant conditions in camps and prisons in Libya, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Thailand and Europe.


  • Robert Young Pelton (2007). Licensed to Kill, Hired Guns in the War on Terror (Reprint edition (August 28, 2007) ed.). Three Rivers Press. p. 368. ISBN 978-1-4000-9782-1.
  • Robert Young Pelton (May 2007). DP Professional Strength (September 1, 2007 ed.). Collins. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-06-112021-3.
  • Robert Young Pelton (April 2003). The World's Most Dangerous Places (April 1, 2003 ed.). Collins. p. 1088. ISBN 0-06-001160-2.
  • Robert Young Pelton (2001). The Adventurist, My Life in Dangerous Places (June 19, 2001 ed.). Broadway. p. 268. ISBN 0-7679-0576-8.
  • Robert Young Pelton (2002). Hunter Hammer and Heaven, Journeys to Three World's Gone Mad (January 1, 2002 ed.). The Lyons Press. p. 320. ISBN 1-58574-416-6.
  • Robert Young Pelton (1999). Come Back Alive (June 1, 1999 ed.). Main Street Books. p. 304. ISBN 0-385-49566-8.
  • Robert Young Pelton. Hired Guns (June 28, 2007 ed.). Constable and Robinson. p. 320. ISBN 1-84529-590-0.
  • The Best American Travel Writing
  • Best Adventure and Travel Stories
  • Robert Young Pelton; Mark Bowden; Tracy Kidder; Philip Taubman (October 28, 2002). Nate Hardcastle; Clint Willis (eds.). American Soldier: Stories of Special Forces from Iraq to Afghanistan (First Edition (October 27, 2002) ed.). Da Capo Press. p. 364. ISBN 1-56025-438-6.
  • Boots on the Ground
  • Robert Young Pelton (October 1997). Fielding's Hot Spots, Travel in Harm's Way (December 1997 ed.). Fielding Worldwide. p. 256. ISBN 1-56952-166-2.
  • Robert Young Pelton. Fielding's Borneo: The Adventurous Guide to the Island of Borneo Covering Brunei, Kalimantan, Sabah and Sarawak/1995 (Fielding's Borneo) (June 1995 ed.). Fielding Worldwide. p. 704. ISBN 1-56952-026-7.
  • Robert Young Pelton (2003). Three Worlds Gone Mad: Dangerous Journeys through the War Zones of Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific (First edition (December 1, 2003) ed.). The Lyons Press. p. 320. ISBN 1-59228-100-1.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Robert Young Pelton reporting during the siege of Grozny". ABC News. Retrieved March 2000. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ "Robert Young Pelton on Fox News – America Strikes Back". Fox News. Retrieved September 2001. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ "Robert Young Pelton on Fox News – Bin Laden Bounty". Fox News. Retrieved November 2001. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ "Robert Young Pelton discusses Afghanistan on Extra". EXTRA. Retrieved October 2001. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. ^ "Bin Laden Hunt Hurt by U.S. Disrespect of Afghans, Experts Say". National Geographic. Retrieved March 30, 2004.
  6. ^ "Finding Bin Laden in Remote Border Region". NPR. March 24, 2004. Retrieved March 2004. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  7. ^ "Congress Investigates Private Military Contracts in Iraq". PBS. Retrieved 07/02/2007. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  8. ^ "Robert Young Pelton discusses Afghanistan". PBS. March 24, 2004. Retrieved April 8, 2009. His New York Times bestseller, The World's Most Dangerous Places, is an underground classic in the CIA
  9. ^ "Rather chat up a warlord than lie on a beach? Try a dangerous-places tour". USA Today. December 22, 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  10. ^ "Robert Young Pelton discusses travelling in 'Dangerous Countries' on CNN". CNN. Retrieved October 2002. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  11. ^ "A vacation to die for?". Florian Flade. December 22, 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  12. ^ "Ferien im Irak". Zeit Online Deutschland. 01/02/2011. Retrieved 01/02/2011. Check date values in: |access-date= and |date= (help)
  13. ^ "Reisebüro bietet Urlaub in Krisengebieten an". Bild Deutschland. December 22, 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  14. ^ a b "Robert Young Pelton's Come Back Alive". Vagabonding with Rolf Potts. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  15. ^ "Interview: Robert Young Pelton". Lost Art. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
  16. ^ "Mercenaries or 'contractors'? Licensed to Kill by Robert Young Pelton". Asia Times Online with David Isenberg. Retrieved April 9, 2009.
  17. ^ Siler, Wes (March 8, 2017). "Breaking the Law with Robert Young Pelton in the Fastest Truck Ever". Outside. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  18. ^ Mantell, Suzanne (January 27, 2006). "Travel's Long, Strange Odyssey". Publisher's Weekly. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
  19. ^ Dubin, Zan (December 25, 1996). "Adventurer Publishes a Field Guide for the Fearless". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
  20. ^ Sperber, Amanda (November 16, 2011). "Robert Young Pelton on His Expedition To Find Joseph Kony". Daily Beast. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  21. ^ "About Dangerous Magazine". Dangerous Magazine. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  22. ^ Moulton, Sam (June 20, 2012). "Adventurer Robert Young Pelton on Dangerous Places". Outside Online. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
  23. ^ "3 Americans freed, 2 journalists still captive in Colombia". CNN News. January 24, 2003. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  24. ^ Markey, Sean (January 22, 2003). "Adventure Writer Reportedly Kidnapped in Panama". National Geographic News. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  25. ^ "Robert Young Pelton's World: The Kidnap Course". National Geographic. May 2006. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  26. ^ Davis, Nicole (January 27, 2003). "Adventure Magazine Reporter Recounts Ten-Day Kidnapping by Colombian Death Squad". National Geographic Adventure. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  27. ^ Gahran, Amy (December 24, 2006). "Iraq Slogger: Pro + CitJ from former CNN Chief". Poynter. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
  28. ^ Mitchell, Greg (December 13, 2006). "Former CNN News Chief To Launch 'IraqSlogger' Site". Editor & Publisher. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
  29. ^ a b c Filkins, Dexter; Mazzetti, Mark (March 14, 2010). "Contractors Tied to Effort to Track and Kill Militants". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  30. ^ a b c Corn, David; Schulman, Daniel (March 29, 2010). "The Pentagon's Stringers". Mother Jones. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  31. ^ "Afghanistan: The New War for Hearts and Minds". Robert Young Pelton speaks with Men's Journal. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
  32. ^ "Too Many Obstacles For Victory in Afghanistan". Robert Young Pelton with the New York Daily News. December 2, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  33. ^ "Setting the record straight on Robert Young Pelton". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  34. ^ Mazzetti, Mark (October 28, 2010). "Inquiry Finds U.S. Official Set Up Spy Ring in Asia". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
  35. ^ a b Stein, Jeff (May 25, 2010). "Setting the record straight on 'contractor' spies". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  36. ^ a b "Website to document global migration phenomenon launched". Times of Malta. June 9, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  37. ^ Xuequan, Mu (June 19, 2015). "Website specializing in migration news launched in Malta". Xinhuanet. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  38. ^ Hatcher, Thurston (March 2, 2001). "Book advises how to survive in trouble spots". CNN. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  39. ^ "The Adventurist: A Life in Dangerous Places". Publisher's Weekly. May 29, 2000. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  40. ^ "The Adventurist". Kirkus Reviews. May 15, 2000. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  41. ^ "Robert Young Pelton discuss the growing role of mercenary contractors in war zones and the privatization of National Security". UCLA. 12/01/2010. Retrieved January 2010. Check date values in: |access-date= and |date= (help)
  42. ^ "Kerry Candaele's interview with Robert Pelton". Iraq for sale. 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2009.
  43. ^ "Six Questions for Robert Young Pelton". Ken Silverstein with Harper's. Retrieved 06/09/2006. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  44. ^ "Congress Investigates Private Military Contracts in Iraq". PBS. February 7, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2009.
  45. ^ Peter J. Woolley, "Soldiers of Fortune," in The Common Review (Spring 2007), pp. 46–8; or Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  46. ^ "Page moved: Blackwater Book Flap".
  47. ^ " - The Website of Political Research Associates".
  48. ^ "SpyTalk - Blackwater founder Erik Prince targets Democrats in memoir".
  49. ^ [1][dead link]
  50. ^ Shapira, Ian (January 1, 2015). "Blackwater founder Erik Prince goes to war against a former business partner" – via
  51. ^ [2][dead link]
  52. ^ "Prince v. Pelton". Justia Dockets & Filings.
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^ [3][dead link]
  56. ^ Boring, War Is (May 12, 2014). "Who Can Save South Sudan?". Medium.
  57. ^ [4][dead link]
  58. ^ [5][dead link]
  59. ^ a b Hare, Kristen (May 12, 2014). "Vice devotes entire issue to South Sudan". Poynter. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  60. ^ Pelton, Robert Young (May 15, 2014). "They're All Coming Here - Chapter 1". Vice. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  61. ^ "Saving South Sudan". Top Documentary Films. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  62. ^ Axe, David (July 18, 2012). "Go Inside a Mercenary Company in Iraq in Unflinching Comic Blackwater Chronicles" – via
  63. ^ "Comics Book Review: Roll Hard by Billy Tucci and Robert Young Pelton. Adventurist Media (, $9.99 trade paper (54 p) ISBN 978-1-940418-00-1". November 29, 2013. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  64. ^ "Burma's rebels fuel post election fears of violence". The BBC. November 22, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
  65. ^ [6][dead link]
  66. ^ Groll, Elias (October 29, 2013). "So Crazy It Just Might Work". Foreign Policy. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  67. ^ "Filmmaker plans mission to track down Joseph Kony". Fox News. October 29, 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  68. ^ Bell, Stewart (November 5, 2013). "Canadian adventurer defends funding expedition to find Ugandan warlord Joseph Kony". National Post. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  69. ^ Grant, Will. "Funding the Hunt for Warlord Joseph Kony". Outside. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  70. ^ Herbert, David Gauvey (April 27, 2017). "Media-Fueled Manhunt". Quartz. Retrieved September 3, 2017.

External links[edit]