Robert and Raymond Hakim
Robert Hakim (19 December 1907 – 9 February 1992) and Raymond Hakim (23 August 1909 – 14 August 1980) were Egyptian-born brothers who usually worked in collaboration as film producers in France and other European countries. Their brother André Hakim was also a film producer.
Initially working for the American company Paramount, they formed the company Paris-Film Production in 1934, and financed Julien Duvivier's Pépé le Moko in 1936, Jean Renoir's La Bête Humaine (1938) and Marcel Carné's Le Jour se lève (Daybreak 1939), all starring Jean Gabin, before the brothers emigrated to the United States.
In 1950 they returned to France and embarked on producing films aimed at an international audience. Casque d'or (1953) effectively launched the career of Simone Signoret and Plein Soleil (1960) did the same for Alain Delon. Notre Dame de Paris with Anthony Quinn as Quasimodo and Gina Lollobrigida as Esmeralda was internationally successful, but not critically well received.
In the 1960s they made two films with a nouvelle vague director, Claude Chabrol with À double tour (1959) and Les Bonnes Femmes (1960), but worked with older directors (Luis Buñuel Belle de jour 1968) sometimes relatively new to international audiences (Michelangelo Antonioni L'Eclisse 1962). They also worked with Roger Vadim on a remake of La Ronde (1964), which starred Vadim's then wife, Jane Fonda.
The Hakim's have a mixed reputation; American director Joseph Losey had an especially fraught relationship with them while making Eva (1962). In post-production, Losey and his team found the film had been recut during the weekend without their consultation; Losey and Robert Hakim almost came to blows. Michel Legrand was commissioned for the score without consultation too, but like actor Jeanne Moreau, was not paid a fee.
- Liz-Anne Bawden (ed.) The Oxford Companion to Film, 1976, Oxford: OUP, p. 316
- David Caute Joseph Losey: A Revenge on Life, 1994, London: Faber, p. 137