Robert I, Count of Artois
|Count of Artois|
|Born||25 September 1216|
|Died||8 February 1250|
|Spouse||Matilda of Brabant|
Blanche of Artois|
Robert II of Artois
|House||House of Capet|
|Father||Louis VIII of France|
|Mother||Blanche of Castile|
He received Artois as an appanage, in accordance with the will of his father (died 1226) on attaining his majority in 1237 (aged twenty-one). In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, in conflict with the Emperor Frederick II, offered to crown Robert as emperor in opposition to Frederick, but the French count refused to pretend to such a title.
They had two children:
While participating in the Seventh Crusade, Robert died while leading a reckless attack on Al Mansurah, without the knowledge of his brother King Louis IX. He and the Templars after fording a river, charged a Mamluk outpost in which the Mamluk commander, Fakhr-ad-Din Yusuf, was killed. Embolded by his success, Robert, the Templar knights, and a contingent of English troops charged into the town and became trapped in the narrow streets. According to Jean de Joinville, he defended himself for some time in a house there, but was at last overpowered and killed.
|Ancestors of Robert I, Count of Artois|
In popular culture
Robert Artois is featured in a segment of Horrible Histories, season 3, episode 1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robert I of Artois.|
- Dunbabin, Jean (2014). Charles I of Anjou: Power, Kingship and State-Making in Thirteenth-Century. Routledge.
- Gee, Loveday Lewes (2002). Women, art, and patronage from Henry III to Edward III, 1216-1377. The Boydell Press.
- Nieus, Jean-François (2005). Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300 (in French). De Boeck & Larcier.
- Strayer, Joseph R. (1969). "Crusades of Louis IX". In Setton, Kenneth M. A History of the Crusades. Vol. II. University of Wisconsin.
- Wood, Charles T. (1966). The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy. Harvard University Press.
|New title|| Count of Artois