Roberto (horse)

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Roberto
Owner J W Galbreath.svg
Racing silks of John W. Galbreath
SireHail To Reason
GrandsireTurn-To
DamBramalea
DamsireNashua
SexStallion
Foaled1969
CountryUnited States
ColourBay
BreederJohn W. Galbreath
OwnerJohn W. Galbreath
TrainerVincent O'Brien
Record14: 7-3-0
Earnings$339,902
Major wins
National Stakes (1971)
Anglesey Stakes (1971)
Epsom Derby (1972)
Benson & Hedges Gold Cup (1972)
Vauxhall Trial Stakes (1972)
Coronation Cup (1973)
Awards
Champion 2-Year-Old Colt in Ireland (1971)
Champion 3-year-old colt in Ireland (1972)
Champion 3-year-old colt in England (1972)

Roberto (March 16, 1969 – August 2, 1988) was an American-bred, Irish-trained Thoroughbred Champion racehorse. In a career that lasted from 1971 until July 1973 he ran fourteen times and won seven races. He was the best Irish two-year-old of 1971, when his victories included the National Stakes. As a three-year-old, he won the Derby before recording his most famous victory when beating Brigadier Gerard in the inaugural running of the Benson and Hedges Gold Cup. This is regarded by many experts to have been one of the greatest ever performances on a European racecourse.[1] He won the Coronation Cup as a four-year-old before being retired to stud. Roberto required a left-handed track to perform to his best.[2] He was described by Lester Piggott as " a champion when things were in his favour".[3] Roberto also proved to be a highly successful and influential stallion[4].

Background[edit]

Roberto was a bay horse with a white blaze bred by John W. Galbreath at his Darby Dan Farm in Lexington, Kentucky He was a son of the successful sire Hail To Reason out of the mare Bramalea, winner of the CCA Oaks in 1962. Roberto's grandsire was Turn-To, a descendant of Nearco, and his damsire was U.S. Hall of Famer Nashua.[5] He was named for Major League Baseball star Roberto Clemente[6] by his owner John Galbreath who also owned the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team.

Galbreath sent the colt to be trained in Ireland by Vincent O'Brien.

Racing career[edit]

1971:two-year-old season[edit]

Roberto made his debut in the Lagan Stakes in July 1971 at the Curragh Racecourse. He won impressively and then contested the Anglesey Stakes also at the Curragh which he won easily. He returned to win the National Stakes over the same course, drawing comparisons to Nijinsky. He was then sent to France to contest the Grand Criterium at Longchamp Racecourse and finished fourth behind Hard To Beat.[7]

1972:three-year-old season[edit]

At age three, Roberto began his season by winning the Vauxhall Trial Stakes at Phoenix Park Racecourse and was then sent to England to contest the Classic 2000 Guineas at Newmarket. He was held up in the early stages but stayed on strongly to finish second to High Top, with the pair finishing six lengths clear of the other runners. Roberto had been ridden in the 2000 Guineas by the Australian jockey Bill Williamson. Williamson sustained a shoulder injury in a fall at Kempton Park Racecourse ten days before the Epsom Derby and after a slow recovery such that he was not able to ride before Derby Day, he was replaced by Lester Piggott.[8]

Roberto started the 3/1 favourite for the Derby in a field of twenty-two runners. He was sent to the front by Piggott inside the two furlong pole but was strongly challenged all the way to the finishing line by the outsider Rheingold. In a closely contested finish, Roberto won by a short head. This victory, which was only confirmed after a stewards' enquiry,[9] was poorly received by the crowd, many of whom felt that Williamson had been unfairly deprived of the ride. The victory made John Galbreath the first person to own winners of both the English and American Derbys, since he had also won the 1963 Kentucky Derby with Chateaugay and the 1967 Kentucky Derby with Proud Clarion. Roberto was then returned to Ireland for the Irish Derby but produced a dismal[7] performance and finished twelfth of the fourteen runners behind Steel Pulse.[10]

In the inaugural edition of the Benson & Hedges Gold Cup in 1972, many racing observers believed that Derby runner up, Rheingold, would prove to be a better horse than Roberto - he had subsequently won the Grand Prix de St Cloud while Roberto had run poorly in the Irish Derby. Leading jockey Lester Piggott abandoned Roberto to ride Rheingold. However, most interest focused on the four-year-old Brigadier Gerard whose presence generated enormous publicity for the race. Undefeated in fifteen career starts, Brigadier Gerard was seen as invincible.[11] Having lost jockey Piggott, and with the first-choice reserve Williamson committed to riding in Belgium. Vincent O'Brien took the advice of Roberto's owner John Galbreath, and flew in the Panamanian-born American jockey Braulio Baeza. Riding for the first time on an English racetrack, according to 'Raceform', a leading publisher of U.K. horseracing information, "Braulio Baeza aboard Roberto was out of the stalls like a bat out of hell."[12] After disputing the lead with Bright Beam (entered in the race as a pacemaker for the absent Mill Reef) he opened up a clear advantage approaching the straight. With Rheingold struggling badly, Brigadier Gerard emerged as Roberto's only serious challenger but after getting to within a length of the Derby winner the favourite could make no further progress. Roberto drew away in the final furlong to win by three lengths from Brigadier Gerard in a new course record time.[13] Brigadier Gerard finished officially 10 lengths ahead of the third horse, Gold Rod, which indicated that he had run up to his best form, however examination of the race film replay showed, and the Brigadier's owner, John Hislop, later acknowledged, that the distance between the second and third was in fact 17 lengths, indicating that Brigadier Gerard may have run his best ever race in defeat.[14]

Roberto ran in two more races in the autumn of 1972 but failed to reproduce his York form. At Longchamp in September, he finished a length second to Hard To Beat in the Prix Niel. A month later over the same course and distance, he finished seventh behind San San in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe.[7]

1973:four-year-old season[edit]

As a four-year-old, Roberto was sent to France to contest the Prix Ganay but was withdrawn from the race owing to injury. He then returned to Ireland, where he finished second to Ballymore in the Nijinsky Stakes. In June, he recorded his only success of the season when beating the 1972 Oaks winner, Attica Meli, by five lengths in record time in the Coronation Cup.[15] He was a late withdrawal from the Eclipse Stakes due to heavy ground and then finished eleventh of the twelve runners behind Dahlia in the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes.[7]

Stud career[edit]

Retired to stand at stud at Darby Dan Farm in Kentucky, Roberto became a successful sire of international influence, with several of his sons going on to be successful sires themselves. Among his notable offspring were 1988 Eclipse Award turf champion Sunshine Forever; 1977 Irish Champion 2-y-o filly (joint) and Cheveley Park Stakes winner Sookera; Real Shadai, the leading sire in Japan in 1993;Brian's Time who sired 1994 Japanese Triple Crown winner and voted Japanese Horse of the Year Narita Brian, ; Australia Melbourne Cup winner At Talaq; British Classic winner Touching Wood; outstanding sire Kris S, who produced five Breeders' Cup winners; leading European miler and successful American turf sire, Lear Fan;[16] and Dynaformer who sired 2006 Kentucky Derby winner Barbaro.

Roberto died on August 2, 1988, at Darby Dan Farm and is buried in their equine cemetery.[17]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Roberto, Bay stallion[18]
Sire
Hail To Reason
Turn-to Royal Charger Nearco
Sun Princess
Source Sucree Admiral Drake
Lavendula
Nothirdchance Blue Swords Blue Larkspur
Flaming Swords
Galla Colors Sir Gallahad III
Rouge et Noir
Dam
Bramalea
Nashua Nasrullah Nearco
Mumtaz Begum
Segula Johnstown
Sekhmet
Rarelea Bull Lea Bull Dog
Rose Leaves
Bleebok Blue Larkspur
Forteresse (Family 12-c[19])

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301342731_Vincent_O'Brien_Biography
  2. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301342731_Vincent_O'Brien_Biography
  3. ^ https://www.thoroughbredracing.com/articles/day-us-based-jockey-produced-one-biggest-shocks-british-racing/
  4. ^ https://www.sportingpost.co.za/2012/09/roberto-dynaformer-philanthropist/
  5. ^ "Roberto's pedigree and racing stats". Pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  6. ^ "Favored Roberto takes Epsom Derby by a Nose". Morning Record. 8 June 1972. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  7. ^ a b c d Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane’s. ISBN 0-354-08536-0.
  8. ^ "Piggott Chasing Sixth Derby". The Age. 8 June 1972. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  9. ^ "Roberto wins Derby". The Phoenix. 7 July 1972. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  10. ^ "Steel Pulse Draws Away For Victory". Spokesman-Review. 2 July 1972. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  11. ^ Richard Edmondson (1997-08-18). "COMMENTARY: Expect a shock in graveyard". The Independent. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  12. ^ "Article 22". Braulio Baeza. 1972-08-26. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  13. ^ Timeform staff (1973). Racehorses of 1972. Timeform.
  14. ^ Hislop, John (1973). The Brigadier. Martin Secker and Warburg, ISBN 0436197006.
  15. ^ "oberto to Mark Piggott Victory". Glasgow Herald. 7 June 1973. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  16. ^ Hammonds, Evan. "Kris S. Euthanized; Sire of 63 Stakes Winners". Blood Horse. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  17. ^ "Grave Matters Thoroughbreds". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  18. ^ "English Derby Winner: Roberto". Chef-de-race.com. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  19. ^ "Meynell – Family 12-c". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-06-04.