Roberts County, Texas

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Roberts County
Roberts County courthouse in Miami
Roberts County courthouse in Miami
Map of Texas highlighting Roberts County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°50′N 100°49′W / 35.83°N 100.81°W / 35.83; -100.81
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1889
Named forOran Milo Roberts
SeatMiami
Largest cityMiami
Area
 • Total924 sq mi (2,390 km2)
 • Land924 sq mi (2,390 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  0.01%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
827
 • Density1/sq mi (0.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district13th
Websitewww.co.roberts.tx.us

Roberts County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 827,[1] making it the seventh-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Miami, which is also the county's only incorporated community.[2] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1889.[3] It is named for Oran Milo Roberts, a governor of Texas. Roberts County is one of six prohibition (entirely dry) counties in the state of Texas.[4]

History[edit]

The Plains Apache inhabited the Texas Panhandle until they were displaced by the Comanche who dominated the area until the 1870s. The Comanche hunted the large herds of buffalo, which grazed on the prairie. In the Red River War of 1874–75, United States Army troops led by Ranald S. Mackenzie drove out the Comanches. Simultaneously, buffalo hunters killed the large herds in the area, destroying the food supply and livelihood of the Plains tribes, making way for permanent settlement by Anglo-Americans.

In 1876, Roberts County was carved from Bexar County and the Clay Land District.[5] In 1887, the Southern Kansas Railway was built through Roberts County, and settlers followed.

Roberts County is the scene of a recent battle for water rights, where the City of Amarillo, Texas, the Canadian River Municipal Water Authority, and T. Boone Pickens have sought to purchase the water rights within the county. Between the three, they own 80% of the water rights.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 924 sq mi (2,390 km2), of which 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) (0.01%) is covered by water.[7]

The county is relatively flat except for the Canadian River valley. Most of the land is used for cattle ranching. The county contains the 68,000-acre (280 km2) Mesa Vista Ranch, which seeks to protect quail, dove, and pheasant habitat along the creek beds south of the Canadian River.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
188032
1890326918.8%
190062090.2%
191095053.2%
19201,46954.6%
19301,457−0.8%
19401,289−11.5%
19501,031−20.0%
19601,0754.3%
1970967−10.0%
19801,18722.8%
19901,025−13.6%
2000887−13.5%
20109294.7%
2020827−11.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1850–2010[10] 2010[11] 2020[12]

2020 census[edit]

Roberts County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[11] Pop 2020[12] % 2010 % 2020
  White alone (NH) 929 717 90.53% 86.70%
  Black or African American alone (NH) 0 2 0.00% 0.24%
  Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 3 2 0.32% 0.24%
Asian alone (NH) 2 0 0.22% 0.00%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 0 1 0.00% 0.12%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 9 55 0.97% 6.65%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 74 50 7.97% 6.05%
Total 929 827 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, 887 people, 362 households, and 275 families were residing in the county. The population density was less than 1/km2 (1/sq mi). The 449 housing units averaged less than 1 per sq mi (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.51% White, 0.34% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 1.35% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. About 3.16% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 362 households, 31.8% had children under 18 living with them, 70.7% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were not families. About 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the age distribution was 25.0% under 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,792, and for a family was $50,400. Males had a median income of $33,125 versus $23,611 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,923. About 5.00% of families and 7.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over.

The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Roberts County, Texas are:[14]

  • 23.7% English
  • 18.4% German
  • 15.2% Irish
  • 8.8% American
  • 2.0% Scots-Irish
  • 1.0% Polish
  • 1.0% Russian
  • 0.9% Czech
  • 0.9% Welsh
  • 0.7% Dutch
  • 0.5% French

Government and politics[edit]

Roberts County was one of the earliest counties in Texas to turn Republican. The last Democrat to win the county in a presidential election was Harry S. Truman in 1948, when he carried nearly 76% of its ballots. No Democrat has since exceeded the 40% of the vote that Texas native Lyndon B. Johnson won in the county in his 1964 national landslide. Jimmy Carter in 1976 was the last Democrat to win even 30% of the county's vote.

In recent years, Roberts County has become almost unanimously Republican. In 2008, 92% of voters voted for Republican John McCain versus only 7.92% for Democrat Barack Obama, making it one of the most Republican counties in the United States.[15] In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 94.58% of the vote,[16] the largest margin in a county for a Republican in the U.S. that election.[17][18][19] Roberts was again Trump's strongest county in 2020, and he won it by an even stronger margin: 96.2%-3.1%.

The county is governed by an elected county judge and four commissioners (each elected by a precinct within the county).[20]

United States presidential election results for Roberts County, Texas[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 529 96.18% 17 3.09% 4 0.73%
2016 524 94.58% 20 3.61% 10 1.81%
2012 468 92.13% 33 6.50% 7 1.38%
2008 477 92.08% 41 7.92% 0 0.00%
2004 461 90.93% 46 9.07% 0 0.00%
2000 472 85.97% 72 13.11% 5 0.91%
1996 421 72.09% 122 20.89% 41 7.02%
1992 391 63.37% 126 20.42% 100 16.21%
1988 441 75.90% 135 23.24% 5 0.86%
1984 539 83.57% 106 16.43% 0 0.00%
1980 482 75.08% 150 23.36% 10 1.56%
1976 350 62.28% 202 35.94% 10 1.78%
1972 467 84.91% 71 12.91% 12 2.18%
1968 311 60.51% 90 17.51% 113 21.98%
1964 297 60.00% 198 40.00% 0 0.00%
1960 339 76.18% 104 23.37% 2 0.45%
1956 279 69.92% 118 29.57% 2 0.50%
1952 379 80.64% 91 19.36% 0 0.00%
1948 76 18.18% 317 75.84% 25 5.98%
1944 89 21.29% 289 69.14% 40 9.57%
1940 55 11.80% 408 87.55% 3 0.64%
1936 27 5.96% 426 94.04% 0 0.00%
1932 36 7.33% 451 91.85% 4 0.81%
1928 243 70.03% 104 29.97% 0 0.00%
1924 104 29.97% 241 69.45% 2 0.58%
1920 60 25.10% 173 72.38% 6 2.51%
1916 27 10.76% 220 87.65% 4 1.59%
1912 16 6.75% 183 77.22% 38 16.03%


Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Roberts County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 9, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Archived from the original on May 13, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  4. ^ "TABC Local Option Elections General Information". www.tabc.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on July 29, 2018. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  5. ^ "Roberts County, Texas". Genealogy, Inc. Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  6. ^ Berfield, Susan (June 12, 2008). "There Will Be Water". Business Week. Archived from the original on October 9, 2010. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  8. ^ "Mesa Vista Ranch" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 1, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2010.(11.9MB)
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  10. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Roberts County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Roberts County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 27, 1996. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "2008 Presidential General Election Results - Roberts County, TX". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on July 29, 2018. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  16. ^ "2016 Presidential General Election Results – Texas". Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas. Archived from the original on December 29, 2016. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  17. ^ Coleman, Mary (November 17, 2016). "'Most Pro-Trump County in U.S.' Getting New, Unwanted Attention". newschannel10.com. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  18. ^ "Texas Home To 'Reddest County In America'". CBS DFW. November 17, 2016. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  19. ^ "A year in the most pro-Trump town in America". ABC News. January 17, 2018. Archived from the original on June 28, 2020. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
  20. ^ "Commissioners Court". Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2008.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°50′N 100°49′W / 35.83°N 100.81°W / 35.83; -100.81