Robertsport

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Robertsport
Skyline of Robertsport
Robertsport is located in Liberia
Robertsport
Robertsport
Location in Liberia
Coordinates: 6°45′N 11°22′W / 6.750°N 11.367°W / 6.750; -11.367
CountryFlag of Liberia.svg Liberia
CountyGrand Cape Mount County
DistrictCommonwealth District
Population
 (2008)
 • Total3,933
ClimateAm

Robertsport is a town in western Liberia, about 10 miles from the Sierra Leone border. It is named after Joseph Jenkins Roberts, the first president of Liberia.[1]

The town lies on Cape Mount peninsula, a spit of land separating the brackish lagoon Lake Piso from the Atlantic Ocean,[2] 50 mi (80 km) north-west of Monrovia. It serves as the capital of Grand Cape Mount County and is the home of the city corporation.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2008 census, Robertsport has a population of 3,933. Of this, 1,994 were male and 1,939 female.[4]

History[edit]

In the mid-15th century, the Portuguese navigator Pedro de Sintra reached the cape, a 1,000-foot high granite promontory, which he named Cabo do Monte (Cape Mount).[1] Cape Mount was the site of Dutch trading post, which turned out to be very hard to defend. The post never became self-sufficient, and habitually required assistance from the station at Elmina, about 750 miles away by sea.[5] Théodore Canot [fr], a writer and slave-trader, established a settlement in the area in 1840.[6] In 1849 the Liberian government signed a treaty with the Vai people,[1] acquiring the territory of Cape Mount and subsequently founding Robertsport in 1856.[6]

Robertsport used to host the Tubman Center of African Culture, which was built in 1964 to commemorate William V.S. Tubman's sixty-ninth birthday.[7] The institution was meant to be a world-wide center of research,[8] and to support and promote African studies.[7] The civil war destroyed the structure, and only the ruins remain.[9]

It was an Allied Forces Air Force base in World War II and later became a seaside resort known for surfing.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Robertsport's coast contains five point breaks, including three main points known for surfing: Fisherman's Point, closest to town; Cotton Trees; and Cassava Point.[contradictory][10]

In 2009, Liberia's most experienced surfer, Alfred Lomax, took a reporter to see what he considered the best surfing spots; from Luke Leitch's Times of London report: "'This here,' he says pointing out to the waves surging down the beach, 'we call this Camp Point. Then, up the beach, is Cutting Point — that’s where they break both ways. The next point is Loco and the one after that is Shipwreck.' ... 'The waves here get fine, playful. When they are high, March to October, they can be 20ft high and you get good barrels, sliding waves. You can ride one wave for a long, long time.'"[11]

Nearby towns and villages include Bassa Community (0.6 nm), Kru Town (0.3 nm), Bombotown (0.3 nm) and Gomboja (0.3 nm).[citation needed]

Town life[edit]

Liberia is a war torn country. Despite looting, the town has remained structurally intact. The town's architecture includes now-decrepit, plantation-style houses reminiscent of the Southern United States - a historical influence on Liberia - which line wide avenues that lean against the hills on the town's edge.[10]

Robertsport residents are mainly rice farmers and fishermen,[1] with 30% of the population engaging in fishing.[12]

The town is featured in the independent documentary film Sliding Liberia, which follows four young surfers to war-torn Liberia in search of perfect waves. The film also explores the country's social and political unrest.[13]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Robertsport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
32
(89)
32
(90)
32
(89)
32
(89)
29
(85)
27
(80)
27
(80)
28
(82)
29
(85)
31
(87)
31
(87)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(71)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(74)
23
(74)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(71)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(71)
22
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
5.1
(0.2)
18
(0.7)
180
(7.1)
250
(10)
490
(19.1)
800
(31.6)
930
(36.5)
930
(36.5)
370
(14.6)
110
(4.5)
84
(3.3)
4,210
(165.6)
Source: Weatherbase [14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Robertsport", Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Robertson, Peter (2001). Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: Priority sites for conservation (PDF). Newbury and Cambridge: Pisces Publications and BirdLife International. p. 479. ISBN 1 874357 20 X. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Grand Cape Mount County Development Agenda" (PDF). mia.gov.lr. p. 6. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  4. ^ "2008 National Population and Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). Liberia Institute of Statistics and Geo-Information Services. Government of the Republic of Liberia. June 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  5. ^ Lawrence, A.W. (1963). Trade Castles & Forts of West Africa. London: Jonathan Cape. pp. 41, 57.
  6. ^ a b Dunn, Elwood E.; Beyan, Amos J.; Burrowes, Carl Patrick (20 December 2000). Historical Dictionary of Liberia (2 ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 147. ISBN 978-0810838765. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  7. ^ a b Zetterström, Kjell (1968). "The Tubman Center of African Culture". Liberian Studies Journal. 1 (1): 73–74. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  8. ^ Girma, Kidane (1982). "The National Museum: Liberia - (mission)". Participation and Cooperation for Development Programmes and International Campaigns. UNESCO. 4: 3. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  9. ^ "Tubman Center of African Culture | Robertsport, Liberia Attractions". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  10. ^ a b Thomas, Kate (October 2007). "Surfing Liberia". Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on 4 September 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  11. ^ Leitch, Luke. "Alfred Lomax: the man who could be Liberia's first professional surfer." The Times (London). May 27, 2009
  12. ^ "Grand Cape Mount County Development Agenda". mia.gov.lr. p. 19. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  13. ^ Sliding Liberia website
  14. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Robertsport, Liberia". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links[edit]

Media related to Robertsport at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 6°45′N 11°22′W / 6.750°N 11.367°W / 6.750; -11.367