Page semi-protected

Robert

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Robertus)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Robert
Robert magnificent statue in falaise.JPG
Pronunciation/ˈrɒbərt/
French: [ˈʁɔbɛʁ]
German: [ˈʁoːbɛɐ̯t]
Czech: [ˈrobɛrt]
Slovak: [ˈrɔːbɛrt]
Serbo-Croatian: [rǒbert]
GenderMale
Name daySeptember 17
Origin
Meaning"fame-bright"
Region of originGermanic countries (England, Scotland, Germany, Scandinavian region), also Ireland
Other names
DerivedRoberts, Robertson, Roberson
Related namesRob (Short Form), Robb (Short Form), Robbie (nickname), Robby (nickname), Robin, Rupert

The name Robert is a Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic *Hrōþi- "fame" and *berhta- "bright".[1] Compare Old Dutch Robrecht and Old High German Hrodebert (a compound of Hruod (Old Norse: Hrōð) "fame, glory" and berht "bright"). It is also in use as a surname.[2][3]

After becoming widely used in Continental Europe it entered England in its Old French form Robert, where an Old English cognate form (Hrēodbēorht, Hrodberht, Hrēodbēorð, Hrœdbœrð, Hrœdberð) had existed before the Norman Conquest. The feminine version is Roberta. The Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish form is Roberto.

Robert is also a common name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, and Icelandic. It can be used as a French, Irish, Scottish, Finnish, and Estonian name as well.

Variations

Bert, Bertie, Berto, Bertus (also short for Albert)
Beto, Betinho (Portuguese)
Bo, Bob, Bobbie, Bobby
Dobbie, Dobby
Hob, Hopkin (Medieval English)
Hopcyn (Welsh)
Hrodebert, Hrodpreht (Old High German)
Rab, Rabbie (Scots)
Raibeart (Scottish Gaelic)
Rhobert (Welsh)
Roibeárd, Riobárd (Irish)
Rob, Robb, Robbie, Robby (also short for Robin)
Robbe (Dutch, Frisian and Low German short form)
Roban
Robban (Swedish)
Robbert (Dutch)
Robbi (Icelandic)
Robercik or Robuś (Polish, "Little Robert")
Robere (Old French)
Ροβῆρος, Rovēros (Greek)
Róbert (Hungarian, Icelandic, Slovak)
Robertas (Lithuanian)
Roberto (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
Robertino (Italian, "Little Robert")
Ruben, Robertinho (Portuguese, "Little Robert")
Ροβέρτος, Rovértos (Greek)
Raivo (Estonian)
Roberts (Latvian)
Robertson (English given name)
Robertus (Latin)
Robetus (Medieval misspelling?)
Robi (Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Serbian)
Röbi (Swiss German)

Robin (Medieval diminutive in English, Dutch, Swedish)
Robo
Robrecht (Old Dutch)
Rochbert
Rodbeard, Rodbeart
Rodbert, Rodebert, Rotbert, Roteberht, Rotebert (Germanic)
Rodbertus, Rodepertus (Latin)
Rodebrecht (Old German)
Röpke (Low German diminutive form)
Rotbryht (Old English)
Rothbert
Roopertti, Pertti, Roope (Finnish)
Ropars, Ropartz, Roparzh (Breton)
Roupen (Armenian)
Rubert, Ruby (Old Dutch)
Rudebet, Rudbert
Rupert (Dutch, English, German, Polish)
Ruperto (Spanish)
Rupertus, Rvpertvs (Latin)
Ruppert, Ruprecht (Upper German)
Trebor (reversal)


Feminine forms:
Bobbi, Bobbie
Robbi, Robbie
Roberta
Robertina, Robertine
Robina
Robyn, Robynne
Ruprette, Rupretta (archaic French)

Trivia

Robert, and also the name Joseph, were in the top 10 most given boys' names in the US for 47 years, from 1925 to 1972.[4]

The name Robert was also used in the royal houses of Europe. Robert was the name of several kings, dukes, and other rulers and noblemen.

In Italy during the Second World War, the form of the name, Roberto, briefly acquired a new meaning derived from, and referring to the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.[5]

People with the name

Royalty

Kings of Scotland
Kings of France
King of Naples
Dukes of Normandy
King of Hungary
Duke of Albany
Duke of Chartres
Duke of Parma
Count of Flanders
Count of Artois
Franconian Babenbergers/Robertian Capetians
Latin Emperor and Emperor of Constantinopole
Lord of the Kingdom of Albania
Princes of Capua

Count of Mortain

Count of La Marche

Religious figures and saints

Legendary and Medieval figures

Legendary
Medieval

Movie industry

Musicians

Notable criminals

Political Figures

Explorers

  • Robert Peary, American explorer and United States Navy officer who made several expeditions to the Arctic, reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6, 1909, believed to be first man to have ever stepped on North Pole
  • Robert Falcon Scott, British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions

Literary figures

Businessmen

Prison officials

Scientists

Astronauts

Others

People with the surname

Fictional characters

In different languages

See also

References

  1. ^ "Robrecht". Historische woordenboeken: Nederlands en Fries (in Dutch). Instituut voor de Nederlandse Taal.
  2. ^ Reaney & Wilson, 1997. Dictionary of English Surnames. OUP
  3. ^ Withycombe, E., 1973 edn. Oxford Dictionary of English Christian names OUP
  4. ^ Frank Nuessel (1992). The Study of Names: A Guide to the Principles and Topics. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 10. Retrieved September 11, 2013.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  5. ^ RoBerTo Checked, Time Magazine, October 19, 1942