Robin James Backhaus (born February 12, 1955) is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic medalist, and former world record-holder.
Backhaus represented the United States as a 17-year-old at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany. He won a bronze medal for his third-place performance in the men's 200-meter butterfly, finishing with a time of 2:03.23 behind Mark Spitz and Gary Hall, and completing an American sweep of the event.
At the 1973 World Aquatics Championships in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, he won gold medals for his first-place finish in the 200-meter butterfly, and as a member of the winning U.S. team in the 4×200-meter freestyle relay. He also received a bronze medal third for finishing in the 100-meter butterfly. He also worked as a coach at Konawaena High School.
He graduated from Redlands High School in Redlands, California
- 1973: USA (Krumpholz, Backhaus, Klatt, Montgomery)
- 1975: West Germany (Steinbach, Lampe, Geisler, Nocke)
- 1978: USA (Furniss, Forrester, Hackett, Gaines)
- 1982: USA (Saeger, Float, Miller, Gaines)
- 1986: East Germany (Hinneburg, Flemming, Richter, Lodziewski)
- 1991: West Germany (Sitt, Zesner, Pfeiffer, Gross)
- 1994: Sweden (Wallin, Werner, Frölander, Holmertz)
- 1998: Australia (Klim, Thorpe, Hackett, Kowalski)
- 2001: Australia (Hackett, Kirby, Klim, Thorpe)
- 2003: Australia (Hackett, Stevens, Sprenger, Thorpe)
- 2005: USA (Phelps, Lochte, Vanderkaay, Keller)
- 2007: USA (Phelps, Lochte, Keller, Vanderkaay)
- 2009: USA (Phelps, Berens, Walters, Lochte)
- 2011: USA (Phelps, Vanderkaay, Berens, Lochte)
- 2013: USA (Dwyer, Lochte, Houchin, Berens)
- 2015: Great Britain (Wallace, Renwick, Jarvis, Guy)