|Member of the Scottish Parliament|
6 May 1999 – 22 March 2011
4 August 1940|
Thurso, Caithness, Scotland
|Political party||Scottish Green Party|
|Alma mater||University of Aberdeen|
Robin Charles Moreton Harper, FRSSA (born 4 August 1940) is a Scottish politician, and was a Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for the Lothians region (1999–2011). He was co-convener of the Scottish Green Party (2004–2008). Harper became an MSP in the first elections to the Scottish Parliament in 1999, the first ever elected Green parliamentarian in the United Kingdom.
Background, education and career
Harper was educated at St Marylebone Grammar School and Elgin Academy, Moray. He graduated from the University of Aberdeen in 1962. He worked as a Modern Studies teacher at Boroughmuir High School, Edinburgh, and before that was an English teacher in Kenya.
Harper joined the Ecology Party's Scottish branch in 1985. At the time, the branch only had 35 members, and its AGM that year was held in his flat. He was elected unopposed as its convenor and secretary, and remained a leading figure as it became first the UK-wide Green Party, then the independent Scottish Green Party.
Harper is a patron of many organisations including LGBT Youth Scotland, an organisation dedicated to the inclusion and advancement of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender young people in Scotland. He is also an Honorary Vice-President of English-Speaking Union Scotland. He was elected as Rector of the University of Aberdeen in 2005, having previously served as Rector of the University of Edinburgh. Harper is also the Honorary President of the Edinburgh University Savoy Opera Group.
In 2008, he was appointed President of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts.
Harper stood for election at the first ever Scottish Parliament election in 1999, and was elected as an additional member for the Lothians region, becoming the first ever elected Green Party parliamentarian in British political history. In an emotional speech, he promised to be a critical voice on the environment in the newly-created devolved Parliament. He criticised the Scottish Executive's decision to split ministerial responsibility for the environment in 2001. He served as his party's sole representative in the first Parliament (1999–2003) until the 2003 election, when the Scottish Green Party won another 6 seats in the regional lists. He was the party's spokesman on education and young people. In 2004, he was a member of the Scottish Parliament team in the TV general knowledge show University Challenge: The Professionals. He and fellow team members Richard Baker (Labour), Jamie Stone (Lib Dem) who was captain, and Stewart Stevenson (SNP) beat a Welsh Assembly team by 110 points to 75.
In January 2007, The Scotsman reported that Harper was being considered for the next Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament. Harper stated that he did not know of this story, but said "it would be an honour even to be considered". Following the 2007 elections to the Scottish Parliament, Harper was returned as a list MSP for the Lothians, this time one of only two Green Party members elected. After an agreement with the Scottish National Party, the party with the largest mandate from the election, the Green MSPs including Harper voted for Alex Salmond to become First Minister of Scotland but the Greens declined to enter a formal coalition with the Scottish National Party. As part of the deal, fellow Green MSP Patrick Harvie was nominated to head the Holyrood Transport, Infrastructure and Climate Change Committee. In 2009, Harper and Harvie voted to reject an SNP government budget. He did not seek re-election in 2011.
At the beginning of December 2013, Harper announced that he would "absolutely vote no" in the 2014 referendum on Scottish independence, going on to say that he would like to help the Better Together campaign and that there was a "significant minority" of Greens who were opposed to independence.
- Black, Andrew (13 September 2008). "Constant force calls it a day". BBC News.
- "A Short History of the Scottish Green Party Archived 2 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.", Scottish Green Party
- EUSOG. "the Edinburgh University Savoy Opera Group". Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Historic Green victory". BBC News. 7 May 1999.
- "Greens see red over executive shake-up". BBC News. 21 March 2001.
- "Previous MSPs: Session 1 (1999-2003): Robin Harper". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "Greens in seven heaven". BBC News. 2 May 2003.
- "Previous MSPs: Session 2 (2003-2007): Robin Harper". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "Scots win in 'Paxo' challenge". BBC News. 28 June 2004.
- "Harper tipped to be Presiding Officer". Scotland on Sunday. 28 January 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Previous MSPs: Session 3 (2007-2011): Robin Harper". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "Smaller parties suffer at polls". BBC News. 4 May 2007.
- "SNP and Greens sign working deal". BBC News. 11 May 2007.
- "Scottish budget rejected by MSPs". BBC News. 28 January 2009.
- Black, Andrew (22 March 2011). "Scottish election: MSPs bidding farewell to Holyrood". BBC News.
- "News: Former Green MSP becomes Trust Chairman". Scottish Wildlife Trust. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- "Robin Harper to vote No", "Edinburgh News. Scotsman", 3 December 2013.
- Robin Harper – MSP for the Lothians website that was in use from 2006–2008
|Party political offices|
| Principal Speaker of the Scottish Green Party
with Marian Coyne 1999
| Convenor of the Scottish Green Party
| Co-Convenor of the Scottish Green Party
with Shiona Baird 2004–2007,
Alison Johnstone 2007–2008
| Rector of the University of Edinburgh
Clarissa Dickson Wright
| Rector of the University of Aberdeen