Robin Hood (1922 film)
|Directed by||Allan Dwan|
|Produced by||Douglas Fairbanks|
|Written by||Douglas Fairbanks|
Sam De Grasse
|Music by||Victor Schertzinger|
|Cinematography||Arthur Edeson & Charles Richardson|
|Edited by||William Nolan|
Douglas Fairbanks Pictures
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|October 18, 1922|
11 reels (10,680 ft.)
|Box office||$2,500,000 (US/Canada)|
Robin Hood, starring Douglas Fairbanks and Wallace Beery, is the first motion picture ever to have a Hollywood premiere, held at Grauman's Egyptian Theatre on October 18, 1922. The movie's full title, under which it was copyrighted, is Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood. It was one of the most expensive films of the 1920s, with a budget estimated at approximately one million dollars. The film was a smash hit and generally received favorable reviews.
The opening has the dashing Earl of Huntingdon besting his bitter enemy, Sir Guy of Gisbourne, in a joust. Huntingdon then joins King Richard the Lion-Hearted, who is going off to fight in the Crusades and has left his brother, Prince John, as regent. The prince soon emerges as a cruel, treacherous tyrant. Goaded on by Sir Guy, he usurps Richard's throne. When Huntingdon receives a message from his paramour, Lady Marian Fitzwalter, telling him of all that has transpired, he requests permission to return to England. King Richard assumes that the Earl has turned coward and denies him permission. The Earl seeks to leave in spite of this, but is ambushed by Sir Guy and imprisoned as a deserter. Upon escaping from his confines, he returns to England, endangering his life and honor, to oppose Prince John and restore King Richard's throne. He finds himself and his friends outlawed and Marian apparently dead.
Huntingdon returns to Nottingham and adopts the name of Robin Hood, acrobatic champion of the oppressed. Leading a band that steals from the rich to give to the poor, including Friar Tuck, Little John, Will Scarlet, and Alan-a-Dale, he labors to set things right through swashbuckling feats and makes life miserable for Prince John and his cohort, the High Sheriff of Nottingham. After rescuing Marian from Prince John's prison and defeating Sir Guy in a final conflict, Robin is captured. The timely reappearance of King Richard returns him to Marian and foils the efforts of Prince John.
- Douglas Fairbanks as Earl of Huntingdon/Robin Hood (It was Fairbanks's custom to place his name last.)
- Wallace Beery as King Richard the Lion-Hearted
- Sam De Grasse as Prince John
- Enid Bennett as Lady Marian Fitzwalter
- Paul Dickey as Sir Guy of Gisbourne
- William Lowery as The High Sheriff of Nottingham
- Willard Louis as Friar Tuck
- Alan Hale as The Squire/Little John
- Bud Geary as Will Scarlet
- Lloyd Talman as Alan-a-Dale
- Billie Bennett as Servant to Lady Marian
Alan Hale, Sr. made such an impression as Little John in this film that he reprised the role sixteen years later in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) opposite Errol Flynn, then played the character again in Rogues of Sherwood Forest in 1950, 28 years after his initial performance in the original Fairbanks film.
A huge castle set and an entire 12th century village of Nottingham were constructed at the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio in Hollywood. Some sets were designed by architect Lloyd Wright. Director Allan Dwan later recalled that Fairbanks was so overwhelmed by the scale of the sets that he considered canceling production at one point.
The story was adapted for the screen by Fairbanks (as "Elton Thomas"), Kenneth Davenport, Edward Knoblock, Allan Dwan and Lotta Woods, and was produced by Fairbanks for his own production company, Douglas Fairbanks Pictures Corporation, and distributed by United Artists, a company owned by Fairbanks, his wife Mary Pickford, Charles Chaplin, and D. W. Griffith. This swashbuckling adventure was based on the legendary tale of the Medieval hero, Robin Hood, and was the first production to present many of the elements of the legend that became familiar to movie audiences in later versions, although an earlier treatment had been filmed a decade before in the woods around Fort Lee, New Jersey, featuring even more flamboyant costumes than the Fairbanks version.
At its première, Robin Hood was accompanied by an orchestral score especially commissioned by Fairbanks and composed by Victor Schertzinger. That score has also been adapted and conducted live by US composer Gillian Anderson. Though the film has received many live and recorded scores since its first release, perhaps the two most significant are further orchestral scores written in 2007 by US composer and conductor John Scott, and 2016 by the eminent British silent film musician, Neil Brand.
Robin Hood generally received favorable reviews. It received an "Fresh" aggregate score of 100% and an Average Rating of 8.6/10 from Rotten Tomatoes based on 7 reviews. Combustible Celluloid's Jeffrey M. Anderson rated the movie , concluding "Director Allan Dwan had worked with Fairbanks on several two-reelers, and would go on to direct his last silent film, The Iron Mask (1929). Dwan would continue working, making "B" pictures up until the 1960s, and finishing up with something like 500 films on his resume before he died. But Robin Hood is his masterpiece.".
Fairbanks biographer Jeffrey Vance evaluated the film in 2008 as follows: "Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood is the most important legacy of the rich life and career of Douglas Fairbanks. The towering sets are long gone, and the characters have been reimagined and reinterpreted, but the foundation the film was built upon--and the culture it created--exists to this day....The creation of Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood consumed nearly a year of his life, and the experience established the matrix for all of his subsequent silent film productions. Indeed, it was the first of his productions to be fully realized in every respect."
- List of films with a 100% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, a film review aggregator website
- Balio, Tino (2009). United Artists: The Company Built by the Stars. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-23004-3.p39
- Variety list of box office champions for 1922
- "Robin Hood". rottentomatoes.com. 18 October 1922. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- Anderson, Jeffrey. Combustible Celluloid film review
- Vance, Jeffrey. Douglas Fairbanks. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008. p.125 ISBN 978-0-520-25667-5.
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