Robin Hood in popular culture
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The folkloric hero Robin Hood has appeared many times, in many different variations, in popular modern works.
- Ivanhoe by Walter Scott, 1819.
- Maid Marian by Thomas Love Peacock, 1822.
- Robin Hood and Little John: or, the Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest by Pierce Egan the Younger, 1840. Incorporates poems about Robin Hood by other authors as preludes to each individual chapter and after the ending scene.
- Le prince des voleurs (The Prince of Thieves) and Robin Hood le proscrit (Robin Hood the Outlaw) by Alexandre Dumas, French translation and edition of the Egan work (poems and some scenes edited out), 1863–64. Translated back into English by Alfred Allinson, 1904.
- The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood by Howard Pyle, 1883.
- Robin Hood and His Merry Outlaws by J. Walker McSpadden, 1898.
- Young Robin Hood by George Manville Fenn, 1899, focuses on the young son, also named Robin, of the Sheriff of Nottingham learning from Robin Hood and Little John.
- Robin Hood by Henry Gilbert, 1912.
- Robin Hood by Paul Creswick, 1917.
- Robin Hood and His Merry Men by Sara Hawks Sterling, 1921.
- Robin Hood by Edith Heal, 1928.
- Bows Against the Barons by Geoffrey Trease, 1934, a leftist depiction of Robin Hood from the viewpoint of a young-adult protagonist.
- The Sword in the Stone by T. H. White, 1939, gives his "correct" name as Robin Wood; he is one of the figures that Wart meets during his education.
- Chronicles of Robin Hood by Rosemary Sutcliff, 1950.
- The Adventures of Robin Hood by Roger Lancelyn Green, 1956.
- The Outlaws of Sherwood by Robin McKinley, 1988, a retelling in which Robin Hood is, in fact, the worst archer in his band, but whose shrewdness leads them through their dangers.
- Lady of the Forest (1992) and Lady of Sherwood (1999), both by Jennifer Roberson
- Sherwood by Parke Godwin, 1992, and Robin and the King, 1993
- The Forestwife trilogy by Theresa Tomlinson, 1993–2000.
- Robin's Country by Monica Furlong, 1994.
- Romance novelist Marsha Canham builds the Robin Hood legend through possible historical fact in her Robin Hood Trilogy set during the reign of King John of England: Through a Dark Mist (1991), In the Shadow of Midnight (1994), and The Last Arrow (1997).
- Robin Hood According to Spike Milligan by Spike Milligan, 1998, parodies the legend of Robin Hood.
- The Rowan Hood series by Nancy Springer, 2001–2005.
- The King Raven Trilogy (Hood , Scarlet , Tuck ) by Stephen R. Lawhead, 2006, relocates the Robin Hood legends to Wales.
- In Lynn Viehl's Darkyn book series Robin Hood is one of the Darkyn (which are vampires). He gets his own romance story in the final novel Stay the Night (January 2009).
- Robin The Hoodie reimagines Robin Hood as a young troublemaker in modern-day Nottingham, complete with ASBO (2009).
- In Hodd, author Adam Thorpe explores the theory that the legendary Robin Hood is the mythologized creation of the narrator based on his time spent with the real outlaw.
- Angus Donald's Outlaw Chronicles, consisting of Outlaw (2009), Holy Warrior (2010), King's Man (2011), Warlord (2012), Grail Knight (2013) and The Iron Castle (2014) feature Robin Hood as Robert Odo.
- "The Thief, The Sheriff, His Bitch, and a Bastard" (2011) by H.E. Coleman
- Robin: Lady of Legend (2012) by R.M. ArceJaeger features a woman as Robin Hood.
- Scarlet (2012) by A.C. Gaughen
- Wolf's Head (2013) by Steven A. McKay
- The Devices Trilogy by Philip Purser-Hallard, starting with The Pendragon Protocol (2014) and continuing with The Locksley Exploit (2015)
- Lady Thief (2014) by A.C. Gaughen
- Lion Heart (2015) by A.C. Gaughen
Films and television series
Main article: List of films and television series featuring Robin Hood
- The Opera of Robin Hood was written by George Alexander Macfarren (libretto: John Oxenford) and first produced at Her Majesty's Theatre, London in 1860. It was written for the voice of Sims Reeves, a star tenor, who played Locksley, and was first performed by him with Mme Lemmens-Sherrington (Marian), Mme Lemaire, Charles Santley and Mr. Parkinson, under the direction of Sir Charles Halle.
- W. H. Birch wrote an operetta called The Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest which was performed in 1871.
- The romantic Opera Robin Hood, op. 34, was written by the German composer Albert Dietrich (1829–1908). It was first performed in Frankfurt am Main in 1879. A new production of this almost forgotten opera will be released at the Theater Erfurt on March 20, 2011.
- Another opera called Robin Hood was written by Reginald De Koven and Clement Scott in 1889 and premiered in Chicago on June 9, 1890, with Jessie Bartlett Davis as Alan a-Dale.
- "Robin Hood" by Louis Prima and Bob Miketta (1944).
- The theme from the 1955 television series The Adventures of Robin Hood was covered by Gary Miller and released as a single (Pye N15020) in 1956. It reached #10 on the UK charts.
- The 1973 Disney animated film included five original songs: "Whistle Stop", a mostly instrumental piece, "Oo-De-Lally" and "Not in Nottingham", written and performed by Roger Miller, "Love", written by George Bruns and Floyd Huddleston and performed by the latter's then-wife Nancy Adams, and "The Phony King of England", performed by Phil Harris with a dance sequence traced from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, The Jungle Book, and The Aristocats.
- Legend, an album by Irish band Clannad, is the soundtrack for the ITV television series Robin of Sherwood (1984). It featured the main theme and single, "Robin (The Hooded Man)".
- Composer Robert Steadman, who lived for some time in Nottingham, has written 2 musical compositions using the myths of Robin Hood:
- "The Dethe of Robyn Hood" (1995) uses fragments of a mediaeval ballad as its text and is scored for narrator and wind band.
- "Robin Hood & Little John" (2005) was commissioned by Southwell Choral Society as was premiered by them in Southwell Minster. It sets an anonymous mediaeval ballad about the first meeting of Robin Hood and Little John and is scored for choir and large ensemble.
- The progressive acoustic band Nickel Creek recorded a song entitled "Robin and Marian" on their eponymous album.
- "Robin Hood" is the first single from German heavy metal band Edguy's 2011 album Age of the Joker. The music video depicts a humorous version of the legend (e.g. the quarterstaff match with Little John being decided with rock-paper-scissors), with the band's lead singer Tobias Sammet taking the role of Robin Hood and the other band members as unnamed Merry Men.
The character of Robin Hood appears, either as a playable character or as a major supporting character, in the following games:
- Robin Hood (Xonox, 1983)
- Super Robin Hood (Codemasters, 1985)
- Robin of the Wood (Odin Compter Graphics, 1985)
- Robin of Sherwood: The Touchstones of Rhiannon (Adventure International, 1985)
- Defender of the Crown (Cinemaware, 1987)
- The Curse of Sherwood (Mastertronic, 1987)
- The Adventures of Robin Hood (Millenium Interactive, 1991)
- Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (Virgin Games, 1991)
- Conquests of the Longbow: The Legend of Robin Hood (Sierra Entertainment, 1991)
- Robin Hood: Legend Quest (Codemasters, 1993)
- Defender Of The Crown II (Commodore Electronics, 1993)
- Age of Empires II: The Age of Kings (Microsoft, 1999)
- Robin Hood (EA/Light & Shadow Productions, 2001)
- Robin Hood: The Legend of Sherwood (Wanadoo, 2002)
- Robin Hood: Defender of the Crown (Capcom, 2003)
- Robin Hood's Quest (Oxygen Interactive, 2007)
- Fate/Extra (Epoch/Type-Moon, 2010)
- Defender Of The Crown: Heroes Live Forever (eGames, 2007)
- Robin Hood: The Return of Richard (Nordcurrent, 2010)
- Robin's Quest: A Legend Born (Gogii Games, 2010)
- Prince of Sherwood (Realtime Gaming, 2011)
- Avalon Hill published a board game based on the legend called The Legend of Robin Hood.
- As a public domain character with an established reputation, Robin Hood was an attractive feature for comic book publishers from the birth of the medium. The first continuing Robin Hood stories were written and drawn by Sven Elven and appeared in the DC Comics title, New Adventure Comics vol. 1 #23 through #30 (1938). There was also a Robin Hood back up story in Green Hornet #7 through #10, written by S. M. Iger.
- A small renaissance of Robin Hood comics occurred in the late 1950s, starting with the little-known "Rodger of Sherwood" stories in the Young Heroes anthology series #39 through #37 by American Comics Group. That same year, Robin got his first title comic book from Magazine Enterprises which ran for eight issues, three with a Richard Greene photo cover. Brown Shoe Co., maker of Robin Hood Shoes, published seven giveaway issues starting in 1956. Robin soon attracted attention from more established comic publishers such as Charlton Comics, who retitled Danger and Adventure to Robin Hood and His Merry Men starting with issue #28. Quality comics published Tales of Robin Hood until issue #7, then was bought by DC Comics who continued until issue #13 and included a crossover with Wonder Woman, making it the longest lasting English language Robin Hood series. DC also published Robin Hood stories in their Brave and the Bold anthology series from #5 to #15.
- In the 1960s, Dell published a couple of Robin Hood one-shots, one a re-telling of the traditional legend, the other a Disney TV show tie-in. Then, in 1974, Gold Key Comics produced a 7 issue tie-in with the Disney animated film. Eclipse published a three-part miniseries in 1991, perhaps a tie in with the Kevin Costner film. Finally, there have been various one-shots produced by Moonstone Books and Avalon Communications.
- In 1991, DC produced a series called Outlaws, with writing by Michael Jan Friedman and art by Luke McDonnell. It was a re-imagining of the legend set in a future, somewhat post-apocalytic, time- something akin to the future depicted in films such as Mad Max.
- Also in 1991, Eclipse Comics published a three issue mini series.
- Robin Hood and his band appear in one issue of the Vertigo Comics series Fables. Along with other folk heroes, they give their lives to buy time for the last ship to flee to the mundane world.
- In 2007, Xeric award winning cartoonist Steve LeCouilliard began a comedy web-comic called "Much the Miller's Son"  telling the story of Robin Hood from the point of view of a minor character. It has since been collected in two volumes with a third projected for summer 2011.
- The superhero Green Arrow possesses obvious traits of inspiration that originate from Robin Hood; most notably being a skilled archer, swordsman, and an affinity for wearing green.
- The Sonic the Hedgehog comic series from Archie Comics features a band of Freedom Fighters based upon Robin Hood and his Merry Men, with associated characters reflecting other figures in the Robin Hood mythos. Robin serves as the inspiration for Hedgehog king Rob O' The Hedge, with an Echidna wife and son named Mari-An and Jon (obviously alluding to Maid Marian and Little John). Further allies include the Deer Friar Buck, Allan Quail, and Munch the Rat; the group was originally pitted against the villainous High Sheriff of Snottingham.
- Robin Hood 2020 Digital Comic from CDComics features Robin and his Outlaws in dystopian future with Britain under the control of corrupt politicians
- In 2012 Zenescope published Robyn Hood, a re-imagining of the character with a female protagonist.
- In 2013 Five Ghosts featured a literary ghost with similarities to Robin Hood.
- Dr. Tamar M. Boyadjian currently teaches a course on Robin Hood at Michigan State University entitled, "Robin Hood: From Medieval Outlaw to Pop Rebel."
- 2000 Year Old Man, who is played by Mel Brooks, contradicts the legend of him, by saying that "he stole from everyone and kept everything" 1961.
- Lego had a theme based on Robin Hood and his merry men, called Forestmen.
- In 2007, the University of Nottingham offered a MA course on the subject of Robin Hood.
- Also in 2007, the Tony Award winning musical Curtains, follows the mystery of a star named Jessica Cranshaw in "Robbin' Hood" of the Old West, a western version of the Robin Hood storyline who is murdered on her opening night.
- Robin Hood became the official mascot of Nottingham Forest Football Club at the beginning of the 2007–08 football season, replacing Sherwood the Bear.
- A Robin Hood Foundation was created in New York in 1988 as a charitable organisation.
- Steve Jackson Games released GURPS Robin Hood, for their eponymous role-playing game system. While the book itself is out of print, it is currently available in electronic format.
- In archery, a "Robin Hood" is the term used for an arrow splitting the shaft of an arrow already in the target.
- The newspaper comic Wizard of Id features a minor character named "Robbing Hood", an obvious pun on Robin Hood's name.
- The Green Feather Movement of 1954 referenced the Merry men as a protest against anti-communism.
- The Green Party named their proposed tax on banks in their 2015 manifesto after Robin Hood.
- Harrison, John. "Copse and Robbers." The Guardian 2009-06-20  retrieved 2010-02-10
- Enduring American Song Hits, Part 1, page 1 at parlorsongs.com
- "Robin Hood is scholarly subject". BBC. 10 October 2006.
- "Sherwood Signs Off". Nottingham Forest 30 July 2007.
- "A modern-day Robin Hood". The World, 15 May 2010.
- Seal, Graham. The Outlaw Legend: A Cultural Tradition in Britain, America and Australia. Cambridge University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-521-55317-2
- Hayes, T. Wilson. The birth of popular culture : Ben Jonson, Maid Marian, and Robin Hood. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Duquesne University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8207-0241-2
- Singman, Jeffrey L. Robin Hood : the shaping of the legend. Westport, Conn : Greenwood Press, 1998. ISBN 0-313-30101-8