CBE RD and bar
|Born||William Robert Patrick Knox-Johnston
17 March 1939
Putney, London, England
|Known for||First single-handed non-stop circumnavigation of the globe|
Sir William Robert Patrick "Robin" Knox-Johnston, CBE, RD and bar (born 17 March 1939) is an English sailor. In 1969 he became the first man to perform a single-handed non-stop circumnavigation of the globe and was the second winner of the Jules Verne Trophy, together with Sir Peter Blake.
Knox-Johnston was born in Putney in London and was educated at the Berkhamsted boys' school. From 1957 to 1965 he served in the Merchant Navy and the Royal Naval Reserve. In 1965 he sailed his William Atkins design ketch Suhaili from Bombay to England.
Due to a lack of money he had to interrupt his voyage for work in South Africa and was only able to complete it in 1967. In 1968 he was one of nine sailors who attempted to achieve the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world in the Sunday Times's Golden Globe race. He was the third sailor to start the race, and the only one to complete the voyage.
In 1962 he married Suzanne (Sue), whom he had known from the age of eight; they had one daughter, Sara, who was born in Bombay whilst he was at sea. His wife left him when he proposed taking her and the child back to England in his new boat Suhaili, and they were divorced in 1967. However, in 1972 they remarried and now have five grandchildren. She died in 2003.
On 14 June 1968 Robin Knox-Johnston left Falmouth in his 32-foot (9.8-metre) boat Suhaili, one of the smallest boats to enter the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race. Despite losing his self-steering gear off Australia, he rounded Cape Horn on 17 January 1969, 20 days before his closest competitor Bernard Moitessier. Moitessier had sailed from Plymouth more than two months after Knox-Johnson, but he subsequently abandoned the race and instead sailed on to Tahiti. The other seven competitors dropped out at various stages, leaving Knox-Johnston to win the race and become officially the first man to circumnavigate the globe non-stop and single-handed on 22 April 1969, the day he returned to Falmouth. Knox-Johnston donated his prize money for fastest competitor to the family of Donald Crowhurst, who committed suicide after attempting to fake a round the world voyage.
In recognition of his achievement, he was created a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).
In 1970 (with Leslie Williams) and in 1974 (with Gerry Boxall) Knox-Johnston won the two-handed Round Britain Race. Robin Knox-Johnston, Les Williams and their crew, which inclused Peter Blake, took line honours of the 1971 Cape Town to Rio Race. Les Williams and Robin Knox-Johnston jointly skippered (with Peter Blake a crew member again) maxi yacht Heath's Condor in the 1977 Whitbread Round the World Race. They took the line honours in the second and fourth leg, the ones which Knox-Johnston skippered.
Knox-Johnston and Peter Blake (who both acted as co-skippers) won the Jules Verne Trophy for the fastest circumnavigation in 1994. Their time was 74 days 22 hours 18 minutes and 22 seconds. It was their second attempt to win this prize after their first one in 1992 had to be aborted when their catamaran Enza hit an object which tore a hole in the starboard hull.
From 1992 to 2001 Knox-Johnston was president of the Sail Training Association. During his tenure the money was collected to replace the STA’s vessels Sir Winston Churchill and Malcolm Miller with the new, larger brigs Prince William and Stavros S. Niarchos. He was trustee of the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich from 1992 to 2002 and still is trustee of the National Maritime Museum – Cornwall at Falmouth, where Suhaili is berthed today. The yacht has been refitted and took part in the Round the Island Race in June 2005.
In 1996 Knox-Johnston established the first Clipper Round the World Yacht Race and has since worked with the Clipper Ventures company as chairman to progress the race to higher levels every year. It is perhaps his greatest achievement to have introduced so many people to competitive sailing via their involvement in Clipper Ventures.
He completed his second solo circumnavigation of the world in the yacht Saga Insurance on 4 May 2007, finishing in fourth place in the Velux 5 Oceans Race. At 68 he was the oldest competitor in the race.
In late 2008 and early 2009 Knox-Johnston took part in a BBC programme called Top Dogs: Adventures in War, Sea and Ice. The programme saw him unite with fellow British legends Sir Ranulph Fiennes, the adventurer, and John Simpson, the BBC world affairs editor. The team went on three trips, each experiencing each other's adventure field. The first episode, aired on 27 March 2009, saw Knox-Johnston, Fiennes and Simpson go on a potentially very dangerous news-gathering trip to Afghanistan. The team reported from the legendary Khyber Pass and infamous Tora Bora mountain complex. The three also undertook a voyage around Cape Horn and an expedition hauling sledges across the deep-frozen Frobisher Bay in the far north of Canada.
In November 2014 Knox-Johnston, at age 75, finished the solo transatlantic race the Route du Rhum in third place in the Rhum class. He crossed the finish line on his Open 60 Grey Power at Pointe à Pitre at 16:52 hours local time/20:52 hours GMT after 20 days, 7 hours, 52 minutes and 22 seconds at sea.
- A World of My Own. 1969, Cassell (reissued 2004 by Adlard Coles Nautical).
- A Voyage for Madmen. 2002, HarperCollins Publishers.
- Cape Horn, a maritime adventure 1995. Hodder & Stoughton.
- Seamanship 1987. Hodder & Stoughton.
- Force of Nature with Kate Laven, 2007. Michael Joseph, London.
- Face to Face: Ocean Portraits, by Huw Lewis-Jones 2010. ISBN 978-1-84486-124-8, Foreword. Conway and Polarworld.
- Robin Knox-Johnston (1969). A World of My Own. Cassell & Co Ltd. ISBN 0-304-93473-9. OCLC 76958.
- Robin Knox Johnston (2007). Force of Nature.
- "Sir Robin Knox-Johnston". Retrieved 2009-06-02.
- Sir Robin Knox-Johnston. "Sir Robin Knox-Johnston's CV". Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- Sir Robin Knox-Johnston. "Sir Robin Knox-Johnston's Blog". Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- "Sailing legend crosses the line". BBC. 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- John Elliott (2006-05-07). "Old man of sea Knox-Johnston takes on world". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 2006-07-02.
- Robin Knox-Johnston at World Sailing
- Opening the Southampton Boat Show 2008
- Robin Knox-Johnston homepage
- Robin Knox-Johnston Interview
- Robin Knox Johnston Online Game
- Chapter 30 of The Circumnavigators by Don Holm
- Books by Robin Knox-Johnston
Explorer with Bruno Peyron
|Jules Verne Trophy
Sport Elec with Olivier de Kersauson