Wright at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival
|Born||Robin Gayle Wright
April 8, 1966
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
|Other names||Robin Wright Penn|
|Spouse(s)||Dane Witherspoon (m. 1986; div. 1988)
Sean Penn (m. 1996; div. 2010)
Robin Gayle Wright (born April 8, 1966) is an American actress and director. She currently stars as Claire Underwood in the Netflix political drama web television series House of Cards, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama in 2013, making her the first actress to win a Golden Globe for a web television series. Wright received Primetime Emmy nominations for House of Cards in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016.
Wright first gained attention for her role in the NBC Daytime soap opera Santa Barbara, as Kelly Capwell from 1984 to 1988. She then made the transition to film, starring in the romantic comedy fantasy adventure film The Princess Bride (1987). She has since enjoyed a successful career in the film industry, starring in various films, including the epic romantic comedy-drama Forrest Gump (1994), the romantic drama Message in a Bottle (1999), the superhero drama-thriller Unbreakable (2000), the historical drama The Conspirator (2010), the biographical sports drama Moneyball (2011), the mystery thriller The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011), and the biographical drama Everest (2015).
Wright was born in Dallas, Texas, to Gayle (Gaston), a cosmetics saleswoman, and Freddie Wright, a pharmaceutical company employee. Wright was raised in San Diego, California. She attended La Jolla High School and Taft High School in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles.
Wright started her career as a model, when she was 14. She first became popular for playing Kelly Capwell on the NBC television soap opera Santa Barbara at age 18, which earned her several Daytime Emmy Award nominations.
1980s–2000s: Transition into feature film work
She transitioned into feature film work as Buttercup in the cult hit The Princess Bride (1987), and as Jenny Curran in Forrest Gump in (1994). The latter role garnered her widespread critical acclaim as well as Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild nominations for Best Supporting Actress.
In 1996 she starred in the film adaptation of Daniel Defoe's Moll Flanders (1996), for which she received a Satellite Award Nomination for Best Actress in a Drama. She went on to co-star with her then-husband in the film She's So Lovely (1997), for which she was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress. Wright received her third Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for her role in the television film Empire Falls (2005).
2013–present: House of Cards, further film work
Since 2013, Wright has portrayed Claire Underwood, political mastermind Frank Underwood's equally ruthless wife, in the Netflix political drama web television series House of Cards. On January 12, 2014, she won a Golden Globe for the role, becoming the first actress to win the award for an online-only web television series; she was nominated for the same award the following year. She received nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award in 2013 and 2014 for the same role. Following season 4 in 2016, Wright stated that she felt Claire Underwood was the equal of Frank Underwood and demanded equal pay for her performance. Netflix acquiesced.
In 1989, Wright became involved with actor Sean Penn following his divorce from Madonna. Wright was offered the role of Maid Marian in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, but turned it down because she was pregnant. Their daughter Dylan Frances Penn was born in April 1991. She backed out of the role of Abby McDeere in The Firm (1993), with Tom Cruise, upon discovering she was pregnant with her second child, son Hopper Penn. Their son, Hopper Jack Penn, was born in August 1993.
After breaking up and getting back together, Wright and Penn married in 1996, and Wright changed her name to Robin Wright Penn. Their on-and-off relationship seemingly ended in divorce plans, announced in December 2007, but the divorce petition was withdrawn upon the couple's request four months later. In February 2009, Wright and Penn attended the 81st Academy Awards together, at which Penn won Best Actor. Penn subsequently filed for legal separation in April 2009, but withdrew the petition in May. On August 12, 2009, Wright filed for divorce once more, declaring she had no plans to reconcile. She also dropped "Penn" from her professional name. The divorce was finalized on July 22, 2010.
In February 2012, Wright began dating actor Ben Foster. Their engagement was announced in January 2014. The couple split and called off their engagement in November 2014, but reunited as a couple in January 2015. However, on August 29, 2015, they announced they were ending their second engagement.
Philanthropy and Activism
Wright continues her activism for peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo. She is narrator and executive producer of the documentary When Elephants Fight. This film highlights how the complicity of multinational mining corporations and corrupt politicians in the Democratic Republic of Congo threatens human rights and perpetuates the most deadly conflict since World War II.
Wright is an ardent supporter of the human rights campaign behind this film, Stand With Congo (#StandWithCongo). She spoke publicly in support of this campaign in 2016 at a film screening at the TriBeCa Film Center in New York City, in media interviews,  with journalists, and across her social media accounts.
|1986||Hollywood Vice Squad||Lori Stanton|
|1987||The Princess Bride||Buttercup|
|1990||Denial||Sara / Loon|
|1990||State of Grace||Kathleen Flannery|
|1992||The Playboys||Tara Maguire|
|1994||Forrest Gump||Jenny Curran|
|1995||The Crossing Guard||Jojo|
|1996||Moll Flanders||Moll Flanders|
|1997||She's So Lovely||Maureen Murphy Quinn|
|1999||Message in a Bottle||Theresa Osborne|
|2000||How to Kill Your Neighbor's Dog||Melanie McGowan|
|2001||The Last Castle||Rosalie Irwin||Uncredited|
|2002||Searching for Debra Winger||Herself||Documentary|
|2002||White Oleander||Starr Thomas|
|2003||The Singing Detective||Nicola / Nina / Blonde|
|2004||A Home at the End of the World||Clare|
|2005||Sorry, Haters||Phoebe Torrence|
|2005||Empire Falls||Grace Roby||Television film|
|2006||Breaking and Entering||Liv Ullmann|
|2006||Room 10||Frannie Jones||Short film|
|2008||What Just Happened||Kelly|
|2008||New York, I Love You||Anna|
|2009||State of Play||Anne Collins|
|2009||The Private Lives of Pippa Lee||Pippa Lee|
|2009||A Christmas Carol||Fan Scrooge / Belle|
|2010||The Conspirator||Mary Surratt|
|2011||The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo||Erika Berger|
|2013||The Congress||Robin Wright|
|2014||A Most Wanted Man||Martha Sullivan|
|2017||Wonder Woman||General Antiope||Post-production|
|2017||Blade Runner 2049||Filming|
|1983–84||The Yellow Rose||Barbara Anderson||2 episodes|
|1984–88||Santa Barbara||Kelly Capwell||524 episodes|
|2011||Saturday Night Live||Jenny Curran||Episode: "Tina Fey/Ellie Goulding"|
|2013–present||House of Cards||Claire Underwood||52 episodes|
|2014–present||House of Cards||7 episodes|
|2016||House of Cards||13 episodes|
Awards and nominations
-  Archived July 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Robin Wright Biography (1966-)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
- "Robin Wright - Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- "Robin Wright as Claire Underwood". TV3.
- Cameron-Wilson, James (1994). Young Hollywood. Batsford. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-7134-7266-0.
- Hyman, Vicki (January 12, 2014). "2014 Golden Globes: Robin Wright wins best actress for online-only 'House of Cards'". The Star-Ledger. NJ.com. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
- Peck, Emily (May 18, 2016). "Robin Wright Demanded The Same Pay As Kevin Spacey For 'House of Cards'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- Grossberg, Josh (December 28, 2007). "Penn, Wright Splitsville". Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on January 1, 2008.
- MacMinn, Aleene (April 17, 1991). "Cradle Watch". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
Dylan Frances Penn was born Saturday [April 13] at 10:49 p.m. at UCLA Medical Center.
- Kelly, Richard T. (2004). Sean Penn: His Life and Times. Canongate U.S. p. 274. ISBN 978-1841956237.
- White, Nicholas (2007-12-27). "Sean Penn and Robin Wright Penn Divorcing". People. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- Orloff, Brian (2008-04-09). "Sean Penn & Robin Wright Stop Divorce Action". People. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
- "Sean Penn Files for Legal Separation". People. 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- "Sean Penn withdraws separation filing". USA Today. 2009-05-22.
- Lee, Ken (August 18, 2009). "Robin Wright Penn Files for Divorce". People. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- Breslau, Karen (September 2009). "Robin Wright Penn Goes It Alone". More. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- Derschowitz, Jessica (November 16, 2009). "Big changes for Robin Wright". CBS News. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- Oh, Eunice (August 4, 2010). "Sean Penn and Robin Wright Finalize Their Divorce". People. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- "Robin Wright and Ben Foster Get Cozy". People. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
- "Robin Wright 47 gets engaged boyfriend Ben Foster 33 flashes sparkler fashion bash". Daily Mail. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- Loinaz, Alexis L. (January 11, 2014). "Robin Wright and Ben Foster are engaged". People. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
- Marquina, Sierra (November 12, 2014). "Robin Wright and Ben Foster Split, Call Off 10-Month Engagement -- Find Out What Went Wrong". Us Weekly. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Lee, Esther (March 10, 2015). "Robin Wright Talks Sex Life With Ben Foster After Sean Penn Divorce: "I've Never Been Happier"". Us Weekly. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Webber, Stephanie (August 29, 2015). "Robin Wright, Ben Foster Call Off Engagement For the Second Time". Us Weekly. Retrieved August 29, 2015.
-  Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Pour Les Femmes". Plfdreams.tilt.com. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- "Giving Back - The SunnyLion and Raise Hope for Congo". Thesunnylion.com. June 20, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- "When Elephants Fight (2015)". IMDB.com. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Mortality in the Democratic Republic of Congo: An Ongoing Crisis" (PDF). International Rescue Committee. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "#StandWithCongo | A Stier Forward Campaign". Stand With Congo. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "LIVE NYC Screening4Action at TriBeCa". facebook.com/StandWithCongo. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Live with Robin Wright". facebook.com/MicMedia. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Congo: The High Cost of Mineral Riches". WNYC (NPR). Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Actress Robin Wright Talks About Her New Documentary". facebook.com/HuffPostEntertainment. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "'Making Noise': The Path Towards Global Equality". Rockefeller Foundation. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "The Paradox Of Congo: How The World's Wealthiest Country Became Home To The World's Poorest People". ThinkProgress. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright Makes a Powerful Political Statement — It's Not Related to 'House of Cards'". Mic.com. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright: A-lister who's playing for high stakes off screen". The Guardian. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright Instagram". Instagram. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
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