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Typical RoboRally race course
DesignersRichard Garfield
Setup time10 minutes
Playing time120 minutes
Age range10+
SkillsSimple programming

RoboRally is a board game for 2–8 players designed by Richard Garfield and published by Wizards of the Coast (WotC) in 1994. Various expansions and revisions have been published by both WotC and by Avalon Hill.


6-player game in progress

In RoboRally, 2–8 players assume control of "Robot Control Computers" in a dangerous widget factory filled with moving, course-altering conveyor belts, metal-melting laser beams, bottomless pits, crushers, and a variety of other obstacles. Using randomly dealt "program cards", the controllers attempt to maneuver their robot to reach a pre-designated number of checkpoints in a particular order.


The game box contains:

  • 4 double-sided map boards
  • 8 player mats
  • 8 robot tokens and matching archive markers
  • 8 Power Down tokens
  • 84 Program cards that either move a robot ahead or back, or turn it either 90 degrees left or right, or reverse its direction
  • 26 Option cards
  • 40 Life markers
  • 60 Damage tokens
  • two-sided Docking Bay board
  • 30-second hourglass timer
  • rulebook


Each player chooses a robot token and its matching archive token, and also receives three life tokens and a player mat. The players choose a race course by common consent, place numbered flags on it according to the race course chosen, and abut the Docking Panel board against the side of the map indicated by the race course chosen. In randomly determined order, each player places their robot on a starting square on the Docking Bay board with their matching archive marker under the robot.

Preparing to move[edit]

On each turn:

  1. The Program card deck is shuffled and nine cards are dealt to each player.
    1. For each point of robot damage, the number of cards is reduced by 1.
  2. Players plan how to get to the first numbered flag, choose five Program cards from their hand as the robot's next five moves, and place the cards in order facedown on the table.
    1. When all players but one have chosen their cards, the 30-second sand timer is started. If this runs out while the last player is still choosing cards, the player's cards are chosen at random from the player's hand.
  3. Unused cards are placed in a discard pile.


  1. Each player simultaneously reveals their first Program card. The player with the highest numbered Program card moves first, followed by each player in order of descending Program card values.
    1. If the robot hits a wall, it cannot proceed.
    2. If a robot hits another robot, it pushes the second robot in front of it.

End of phase[edit]

After everyone has moved (called a "phase")

  • the express conveyor belts move any robots on it one space in the direction of its arrows, rotating as the space they move on to.
  • the slow and express conveyor belts move any robots one space in the direction of its arrows, rotating as the space they move on to.
  • pushers push if active for that register phase.
  • gears rotate robots either 90 degrees clockwise or counterclockwise as indicated by their directional arrows
  • every board laser and robot fires a high intensity laser down the row of squares in front of them. If the beam hits a robot before being stopped by a wall, the target robot takes a point of damage.
  • crushers activate, destroying any robot on them.
  • If a robot ends a phase on a wrench or numbered flag, the player moves the robot's archive marker to that flag. If the robot was seeking that flag, the player now attempts to reach the next numbered flag.
  • If a robot ends a turn on any repair site (a space with a wrench), the robot's archive marker is moved to that spot.
  • If a robot ends a turn on a space with one wrench, one point of damage is repaired.
  • If a robot ends a turn on a space with two wrenches, two points of damage are repaired OR the robot receives a random upgrade card.
  • If a robot ends a turn on a space with a wrench and a hammer, one point of damage is repaired, AND the robot receives a random upgrade card.

Play then returns to the beginning of the next turn.

A player can choose to totally repair their robot by announcing, a turn in advance while programming their robot, that their robot will "power down" at the end of the coming turn. The robot plays the programmed turn, then shuts down for the entire next turn to repir itself. The robot returns to 100A% status at the end of the turn. Any damage taken during the repair turn reduces the robot's current point total before repairs, and may destroy the robot before it completes its repairs.

Robot destruction[edit]

If a robot takes more than 9 points of damage, or falls down a pit or drives off the board or is pushed off the board, the robot is destroyed. The player loses a Life token, and a clone of the robot with two damage returns at the start of the next turn on the robot's archive marker. If a player runs out of Life tokens, (four robots destroyed), the player is out of the game.

Victory conditions[edit]

The first robot to touch the final numbered flag is the winner.

Publication history[edit]

Game designer Richard Garfield designed RoboRally in 1985,[1] but when he first showed it to WotC, they were uninterested. After WotC produced Garfield's collectible card game Magic: The Gathering in 1993, they expressed interest in publishing RoboRally,[2] which was released in 1994 with pewter playing tokens designed by Phil Foglio, who also did the artwork for the game.[2]

Several updates and expansions rapidly followed, including a second edition (1995); Armed and Dangerous (1995); Crash and Burn (1997); Grand Prix (1997); and Radioactive (1998).

In 2005, Avalon Hill re-published the game with minor rule revisions and cosmetic changes that included replacing the pewter robots tokens with plastic robots. Eleven years later, Avalon Hill re-released the game in 2016 with revised boards and substantial rules changes making the game incompatible with the previous editions.

In 2023, Renegade Game Studios obtained the rights to a number of games published under the Avalon Hill brand from Wizards of the Coast, among these was Robo Rally. The board size went back to the 12x12 inch grids but the rules remain close to the 2016 revision. Two expansions, Wet & Wild and Chaos & Carnage, were available close to release. A Transformers tie-in game was announced in summer 2023,[3] changing to six distinct Transformers characters and their personalized upgrades and abilities. One day later a further expansion, Master Builder, was announced, which was meant to give players the opportunity to customize boards with 6x6" tiles as well as tokens of the most common board elements.[4]


In Issue 18 of Shadis, David Williams liked this "manic racing game", and thought that the components were of "high quality" but questioned the use of expensive pewter playing pieces instead of plastic tokens, saying, "Wizards did not cut corners, but it would be nice to have a cheaper option."[2]

In Issue 2 of Arcane, Andy Butcher found that this was a good game for casual playing. He concluded by giving it an average rating of 7 out of 10, saying, "anyone who's looking for great way to while away a couple of hours and have fun is strongly advised to check this out – it's simple to learn, extremely replayable, and most importantly, a great game – although you do need at least four players to get the most out of it."[5]

John ONeill of Black Gate commented that "all the challenge comes in the nature of your idiotic robots, and the numerous ways they can stumble stoically – nay, joyously – towards their own destruction on the factory floor."[6]

RoboRally was chosen for inclusion in the 2007 book Hobby Games: The 100 Best. James Ernest commented: "Why is RoboRally one of the best hobby games ever? Besides being a completely solid game at heart, RoboRally succeeds at one of the hardest tricks in game design: it is genuinely funny. I don't just mean that it has funny jokes in the rules or funny robot characters. It has those things, but putting jokes in a rulebook is relatively easy. The richest humor in this game comes from the play of the game itself."[7]

Other reviews and commentary[edit]


  • At the 1995 Origins Awards, RoboRally won awards in two categories:
    • "Best Fantasy or Science Fiction Boardgame of 1994"
    • "Best Graphic Presentation of a Boardgame of 1994"[11]
  • At the 1996 Origins Awards, the Armed and Dangerous expansion won "Best Graphic Presentation of a Boardgame of 1995"[12]
  • At the 1997 Origins Awards, RoboRally Grand Prix won "Best Fantasy or Science Fiction Boardgame of 1996"[13]

Editions and expansions (with board names)[edit]

Between 1994 and 1999 Wizards of the Coast (WotC) released the original game, four expansion sets, and a limited edition board.

  • RoboRally (first edition, WotC, 1994): Basic boards (6), unpainted metal miniatures with detached plastic bases (8), movement cards, option cards, and counters.
  • RoboRally (second edition, WotC, 1995): Basic boards (same 6, with lighter coloring), unpainted metal miniatures with integrated metal bases (8), movement cards, option cards, and counters.
  • Armed and Dangerous (WotC, 1995): Additional boards (6), additional option cards, and counters.
  • Crash and Burn (WotC, 1997): Additional boards (2)
  • Grand Prix (WotC, 1997): Additional boards (3), with randomly selected reprinted basic boards on the backs.
  • Radioactive (WotC, 1998): Additional boards (3)
  • "Origins ’99" (WotC, 1999): A single new board (King of the Hill), only given to finalists in the championship tournament.

In Europe (German by Amigo, and Dutch by 999 Games), a different series was released. It incorporated a few rules changes and fewer components to make the game simpler. The damage and life tokens are larger and thicker than those of the original American release. The movement cards are color-coded. Forward (Move) cards have blue arrows, Backward (Back Up) cards have red ones and Turn cards yellow ones.

  • RoboRally (Amigo, 1999; and 999 Games, 2000): Basic boards (4, lettered instead of named), prepainted plastic bots (4), color-coded movement cards, counters.
  • Crash & Burn (Amigo, 2000): Additional boards (4, lettered instead of named), prepainted plastic bots (4), option cards.

The Avalon Hill edition also changed the cards. The new Move cards have only an arrow in the corner instead of the number with the arrow, which means you have to look at the full face of the card to distinguish them. It also has larger counters. Character sheets were introduced to track damage, life counters, power-down status, and program cards. Each sheet also contains a copy of the turn sequence for reference. The graphics have been redesigned to make the functionality of board elements clearer. The rules were also simplified to remove the concept of virtual robots.

  • RoboRally (Avalon Hill, 2005): Double-sided boards (4), Docking Bay (a double-sided starting grid, one-third the size of a regular board), plastic bots (8), movement cards, option cards, plastic flags (8), sand timer, and counters. The board combinations are Chop Shop & Island, Spin Zone & Maelstrom, Chess & Cross, and Vault & Exchange.

The 2016 edition significantly changed the damage system and gave every player an individual deck rather than a shared deck. Priority is determined by proximity to an antenna token and archive markers have been replaced with respawn point tokens. The boards in this edition are 10x10 rather than 12x12, and are named 1A, 1B - 6A and 6B. The docking bay is 10x3.

  • Robo Rally (Avalon Hill, 2016): Double-sided boards (6), double-sided start board, prepainted plastic bots (6), individual movement decks, damage decks, option cards, plastic flags (6), sand timer, plastic antenna token, plastic energy cubes and counters

The 2023 edition sees the return of the 12x12 boards. Some of the classic expansion boards are reprinted, while newer ones are introduced as well. The material quality is upgraded from the previous edition with thicker boards and tokens and larger cards.

  • Robo Rally (Renegade Game Studios, 2023): Double-sided boards (4), double-sided start board, pre-painted plastic bots (6), plastic checkpoint marker flags (6), individual movement decks (6x20 cards), damage deck (40 cards), upgrade cards (40), energy tracking cubes (8), reboot tokens (6), archive tokens (6), checkpoint tracking tokens (6), player aid,
  • Wet & Wild (Renegade Game Studios, 2023): Double-sided boards (3), upgrade cards (5)
  • Chaos & Carnage (Renegade Game Studios, 2023): Double-sided boards (3), upgrade cards (5)
  • Transformers: Robo Rally (Renegade Game Studios, 2024)
  • Robo Rally: Master Builder (Renegade Game Studios, 2024): 6x6" game boards (8), tokens (17), upgrade cards (5)
  • Robo Rally: Thrills & Spills (Renegade Game Studios, 2024): Double-sided boards (3), upgrade cards (5)
RoboRally boards by game release
Board Wizards of the Coast European Avalon Hill 2005 Avalon Hill 2016 Renegade Game Studios 2023
Cannery Row 1994 – RoboRally 1999 – RoboRally (D)
Cross 1994 – RoboRally 1999 – RoboRally (C) 2005 – RoboRally
Exchange 1994 – RoboRally 1999 – RoboRally (B) 2005 – RoboRally
Island 1994 – RoboRally 2000 – Crash & Burn (E) 2005 – RoboRally
Maelstrom 1994 – RoboRally 2000 – Crash & Burn (F) 2005 – RoboRally
Pit Maze 1994 – RoboRally 1999 – RoboRally (A)
Chasm 1995 – Armed & Dangerous 2023 - Chaos & Carnage
Circuit Trap 1995 – Armed & Dangerous 2023 - Wet & Wild
Coliseum 1995 – Armed & Dangerous 2023 - Wet & Wild
Flood Zone 1995 – Armed & Dangerous 2023 - Wet & Wild
Gear Box 1995 – Armed & Dangerous 2023 - Chaos & Carnage
Laser Maze 1995 – Armed & Dangerous 2023 - Chaos & Carnage
Blast Furnace 1997 – Crash & Burn 2000 – Crash & Burn (H)
Machine Shop 1997 – Crash & Burn 2000 – Crash & Burn (G)
Back Stretch 1997 – Grand Prix
Canyon 1997 – Grand Prix
Pit Row 1997 – Grand Prix
Pinwheel 1998 – Radioactive
Reactor Core 1998 – Radioactive
Shake ’N’ Bake 1998 – Radioactive
King of the Hill 1999 – Origins '99
Docking Bay 2005 – RoboRally
Chop Shop 2005 – RoboRally
Spin Zone 2005 – RoboRally
Chess 2005 – RoboRally
Vault 2005 – RoboRally
Start Board 2016 – Robo Rally
1A 2016 – Robo Rally
1B 2016 – Robo Rally
2A 2016 – Robo Rally
2B 2016 – Robo Rally
3A 2016 – Robo Rally
3B 2016 – Robo Rally
4A 2016 – Robo Rally
4B 2016 – Robo Rally
5A 2016 – Robo Rally
5B 2016 – Robo Rally
6A 2016 – Robo Rally
6B 2016 – Robo Rally
In & Out 2023 - Robo Rally
The Keep 2023 - Robo Rally
Steps 2023 - Robo Rally
Tempest 2023 - Robo Rally
Cactus 2023 - Robo Rally
Misdirection 2023 - Robo Rally
Sidewinder 2023 - Robo Rally
Energize 2023 - Robo Rally
Water Park 2023 - Wet & Wild
Transition 2023 - Wet & Wild
Trench Run 2023 - Wet & Wild
Pushy 2023 - Chaos & Carnage
Labyrinth 2023 - Chaos & Carnage
Stop & Go 2023 - Chaos & Carnage
Fireball Factory 2024 - Thrills & Spills
Black Gold 2024 - Thrills & Spills
Portal Palace 2024 - Thrills & Spills
Gauntlet of Fire 2024 - Thrills & Spills
Black Gold 2024 - Thrills & Spills
The "O" Ring 2024 - Thrills & Spills
Locked 2024 - Thrills & Spills
The Wave 2024 - Master Builder
Coming & Going 2024 - Master Builder
Doubles 2024 - Master Builder
The H 2024 - Master Builder
Circles 2024 - Master Builder
The Zone 2024 - Master Builder
All Roads 2024 - Master Builder
Winding 2024 - Master Builder
Assembly 2024 - Master Builder
The X 2024 - Master Builder
The Oval 2024 - Master Builder
Convergence 2024 - Master Builder
Blueprint 2024 - Master Builder
Whirlpool 2024 - Master Builder
Mergers 2024 - Master Builder
Tabula Rasa 2024 - Master Builder


A large number of additional game boards and elements are available via Internet communities, created by fans of the game.

In August 2008, GameTableOnline.com (defunct and redirected to a porn site, as of October 2020) licensed the rights for an online version of RoboRally from Wizards of the Coast.[14]


  1. ^ Vasel, Tom (2005-06-19). "Interviews by an Optimist # 49 - Richard Garfield". Archived from the original on 2007-08-14.
  2. ^ a b c Williams, Dave (January 1990). "Closer Look". Shadis. No. 18. p. 65.
  3. ^ "Renegade Game Studios Unveils Transformers Robo Rally and a G.I. JOE Game Powered by the Axis & Allies Game Engine!". Renegade Game Studios. Retrieved 2023-08-20.
  4. ^ "Renegade Game Studios Introduces Robo Rally Master Builder: An Expansion Unlocking Infinite Possibilities for Dream Racecourses". Renegade Game Studios. Retrieved 2023-08-20.
  5. ^ Butcher, Andy (January 1996). "Games Reviews". Arcane. No. 2. p. 80.
  6. ^ "Eat Flaming Laser Death: An Evening of RoboRally – Black Gate". 2 October 2011.
  7. ^ James Ernest (2007). "RoboRally". In James Lowder (ed.). Hobby Games: The 100 Best. Green Ronin Publishing. pp. 258–260. ISBN 978-1-932442-96-0.
  8. ^ "Anmeldelser | Article | RPGGeek". rpggeek.com.
  9. ^ "Pyramid: Pyramid Review: RoboRally".
  10. ^ "Casus Belli #086". 1995.
  11. ^ "Origins Award Winners (1994)". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. Archived from the original on 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2007-10-29.
  12. ^ "Origins Award Winners (1995)". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. Archived from the original on 2008-01-02. Retrieved 2007-10-29.
  13. ^ "Origins Award Winners (1997)". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. Archived from the original on 2008-01-30. Retrieved 2007-10-29.
  14. ^ Shayed, Marc (August 18, 2008). "GameTable Online Adopts Wizard's Online Boardgames". GamingReport.com.

External links[edit]