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A robovirus is a zoonotic virus that is transmitted by a rodent (i.e., rodent borne).[1][2]

Roboviruses belong to the Bunyaviridae and Arenaviridae families of viruses.[3] Like arbovirus (arthropod borne) and tibovirus (tick borne) the name refers to its method of transmission, known as its vector. This is distinguished from a clade, which groups around a common ancestor. Some scientists now refer to arbovirus and robovirus together with the term ArboRobo-virus.[4]

One example of a robovirus is Hantaan River virus, which is believed to be transmitted through the inhalation of airborne particles of the urine or feces of the striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius.[5] Both hantaviruses and arenaviruses can induce hemorrhagic fever in humans.[3]

Since rodent populations are affected by a number of factors, including climactic conditions, global climate change will affect the distribution and prevalence of roboviruses.[6]


  1. ^ Spicer, W. John (2008). Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. p. 117. ISBN 0-443-10303-8. 
  2. ^ Sandra I Kim; Swanson, Todd; Flomin, Olga E. (2008). Microbiology. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Heath. p. 88. ISBN 0-7817-6470-X. 
  3. ^ a b Gegúndez MI, Lledó L (October 2005). "[Infection due to Hantavirus and other rodent-borne viruses]". Enferm. Infecc. Microbiol. Clin. (in Spanish). 23 (8): 492–500. PMID 16185565. 
  4. ^ Kurolt; Ivan-Christian; et al. (14 November 2014). Molecular epidemiology of human pathogenic "ArboRobo-viruses" in Croatia. (pdf). CroViWo-1st Croatian Virus Workshop. Rijeka. pp. 15–16. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Peters, C.J. (2006). "Emerging Infections: Lessons from the Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers". Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association. 117: 189–197. PMC 1500910Freely accessible. PMID 18528473. 
  6. ^ Henttonen, Heikki (2006). ROBOVIRUSES IN EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA-WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN EURASIA IN FUTURE?. (pdf). 3rd International Conference on Rodent Biology and Management. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 25 November 2015.