Rochdale Castle

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Rochdale Castle is located in Greater Manchester
Rochdale Castle
Map showing the location of Rochdale Castle within Greater Manchester.

Rochdale Castle was a motte-and-bailey castle in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England (grid reference SD89121286).[1] It was built in the period shortly after the Norman conquest of England.[2]

In the 12th century many charters refer to 'the vill of the castle of Rachedal'. A charter dated c.1238 gave details of the castle standing on rising ground commanding the valley of the Roche and still known as Castle Hill.[3] The castle was abandoned in the early 13th century.[1] It was documented in 1322.[4]

In 1626 a Gabriel Tayor had a house, known as Castle Hill, on the site, described as being on the 'reputed scite of a castle standing there, but now clean defaced'.[3] Buildings have been erected over the castle bailey and in the 19th century a house was built on the motte.[5]

The motte is 100 feet (30 m) at the base; the bailey is rectangular and lies to the south and measures 120 feet (37 m) by 100 feet (30 m). The defences consisted of an earth rampart and ditch.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Rochdale Castle". Pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  2. ^ "Rochdale Castle". The Gatehouse - the comprehensive gazetteer of the medieval fortifications and castles of England and Wales. Retrieved 2011-01-31.
  3. ^ a b Fishwick, Lieut-Colonel; Ditchfield, Rev PH (1909). Memorials of Old Lancashire, Vol 2. London: Bemrose and Sons. pp. 1–2.
  4. ^ Cathcart King (1983), p. 247.
  5. ^ Newman (2006), p. 140.
Bibliography
  • Cathcart King, David J. (1983). "Catellarium Anglicanum: An Index and Bibliography of the Castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume I: Anglesey–Montgomery". Kraus International Publications. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Newman, Caron (2006). "Medieval Period Resource Assessment". Archaeology North West. 8: 115–144. ISSN 0962-4201.

Coordinates: 53°36′43″N 2°09′52″W / 53.611987°N 2.164396°W / 53.611987; -2.164396