Rochfortbridge

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Rochfortbridge

Droichead Chaisleán Loiste
Town
Rochfortbridge is located in Ireland
Rochfortbridge
Rochfortbridge
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°24′58″N 7°17′46″W / 53.416°N 7.296°W / 53.416; -7.296Coordinates: 53°24′58″N 7°17′46″W / 53.416°N 7.296°W / 53.416; -7.296
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyCounty Westmeath
Government
 • Dáil ÉireannLongford–Westmeath
 • EU ParliamentMidlands–North-West
Elevation
32 m (105 ft)
Population
(2016)
 • Urban
1,473[1]
 • Rural
200
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Area code(s)+353-44-92
Irish Grid ReferenceN462407

Rochfortbridge (Irish: Droichead Chaisleán Loiste, meaning "Castle Lost Bridge") is a village in County Westmeath, Ireland.

The village is located at the intersection of the R400 and the R446 (formerly the N6) roads. As of the 2016 census, the population of the town was 1,473.[2]

History

Rochfortbridge is located in Castlelost parish, which was inhabited at least as early as 590 AD by monks under Mo Chutu (later St. Carthage).[3] The village was originally known as Beggar's Bridge, supposedly after a beggar who died at a river crossing; enough money was found in his pockets to build a bridge.[4]

The village proper was set out c. 1700 by Robert Rochfort, MP for Westmeath from 1651 to 1727. As part of the village building programme, Rochfort financed and built a new bridge over the River Derry, giving the village its new name.[5] Following the death of Rochfort in 1727, the village was controlled by his son George Rochfort. George died just three years later, in 1730, and the village was then under the control of his son Robert Rochfort (soon to become 1st Earl of Belvedere). On the death of the 1st Earl, the village passed to his son and heir George Augustus Rochfort, the 2nd Earl of Belvedere.

Aerial view of Rochfortbridge

In 1797 Lt. Col. Robert Rochfort, son of the 1st Earl and brother of the 2nd Earl, died; his estate passed to the Cooper family. The other great Rochfort estate at Gaulstown passed to Lord Kilmaine. In 1847 Josias Cooper and Lord Kilmaine rebuilt the village as part of a famine relief programme. Almost all of the original village dwellings were demolished during this rebuilding effort; the only remaining Rochefort-era building is the former Church of Ireland.[5]

Mercy Convent and St. Joseph's

In 1862 three nuns established Mercy Convent Rochfortbridge, moving into a purpose-built building in 1872 with the monetary support of a local family. At the urging of Thomas McNulty, Bishop of Meath, Mother Mary Stanislaus O'Neill established St. Joseph's Institute for the Deaf and Dumb in 1892, which provided education and vocational training for deaf and dumb girls until its closure in 1942 due to low attendance.[5] In 1948 St. Joseph's Secondary School opened, expanding to admit boys as well as girls in 1963.[6]

In September 2016, it was announced the Convent of Mercy was to be retired, with the final three nuns in Rochfortbridge officially retiring on September 16th, 2016 following a celebration of thanksgiving.[7]

Historic sites

Other historic sites in the village area include Castlelost Castle, moat, and graveyard. There is also an example of a ring fort in the middle of the village.

The Roman Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception, Rochfortbridge dates back to 1857.[8]

The Church of Ireland church, Castlelost Parish Church dates back to 1815.[9]

Present day

Rochfortbridge was bypassed in 2006 by the new M6 motorway, which superseded the N6 national primary road running through the centre of the village. The village has one primary schools and one secondary school; the boys primary school (formally called schoil bhride) amalgamated with the neighbouring girls school in 2014. There are two more primary schools in the wider area.

Demographics

As of the 2011 census there were 1,494 people in Rochfortbridge: 743 males and 751 females. Rochfortbridge has been established as a commuter location, moving away from its historically agricultural background. At the time of the census 346 workers were employed outside of the area, out of 479 workers total, while only six were employed in agricultural, forestry, or fishing industries.[10]

Non-Irish nationals accounted for only 6.4% of the population, with the two largest sub-groups being UK nationals (26 persons) and Nigerians (15 persons). The dominant religion was Catholicism, with 1,356 adherents; 92 people stated they were of other religions, with 38 claiming to be of no religion. Unemployment was higher in the Rochfortbridge area than nationally, at 27.1% compared to 19.0%.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://census.cso.ie/sapmap2016/Results.aspx?Geog_Type=ST2016&Geog_Code=0A244481-E05E-44E8-86A1-443E37707AFB
  2. ^ http://census.cso.ie/sapmap2016/Results.aspx?Geog_Type=ST2016&Geog_Code=0A244481-E05E-44E8-86A1-443E37707AFB
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1840) [1837]. A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. 1 (2nd ed.). London: S. Lewis & Co. p. 300. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1840) [1837]. A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. 2 (2nd ed.). London: S. Lewis & Co. p. 518. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  5. ^ a b c O'Connell, Noel Patrick (2015). History of St. Joseph’s School for Deaf Girls in Rochfortbridge, Co Westmeath (Report). Academia.edu. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  6. ^ Aughey, Olga (26 August 2008). "Milestones in the history of Rochfortbridge". The Westmeath Examiner. Mullingar, Co. Westmeath. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
  7. ^ http://www.westmeathexaminer.ie/news/roundup/articles/2016/09/13/4126458-mercy-sisters-bowing-out-of-rochfortbridge-after-154-years/
  8. ^ http://www.buildingsofireland.ie/niah/search.jsp?type=record&county=WM&regno=15320012
  9. ^ http://www.buildingsofireland.ie/niah/search.jsp?type=record&county=WM&regno=15320015
  10. ^ a b "AreaProfile". Census 2011 Area Profiles. Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 November 2015.

External links