Chapel of St. Roch, Bingen

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The Chapel of St. Roch and the Bethlehem Chapel
West side of the chapel

The Chapel of St. Roch (German: Rochuskapelle) is a German pilgrimage chapel, dedicated to Saint Roch, located on the Rochusberg southeast of Bingen am Rhein.

History[edit]

The first building, dating to the plague year of 1666, was destroyed during the campaigns of 1795 in the French Revolutionary Wars of the Rhine valley. The second was built 1814 in the wake of a typhoid fever epidemic brought by soldiers returning from the Battle of Leipzig of the Napoleonic Wars. Goethe wrote a description of its dedication ceremony.[1] This building's flèche was hit by lightning in 1889 and the chapel burned down to the brickwork.

The present building, built in 1893-95, has Neo Gothic designs by the Freiburg master builder Max Meckel and the Berlin stonecutters, Zeidler & Wimmel. At this time a small Bethlehem Chapel was built under the main chapel's east window, recalling an earlier chapel of that name on the site from the Crusader era.

Parts of the earlier Roch chapels' art collections survive, but the only thing to survive the 1889 fire was the Baroque statue of the patron saint at the high altar.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Goethe (16 August 1814). "Sankt-Rochus-Fest zu Bingen von Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Text im Projekt Gutenberg". Sankt-Rochus-Fest zu Bingen. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 

Coordinates: 49°57′59″N 7°55′34″E / 49.9665°N 7.9262°E / 49.9665; 7.9262