Miami Beach Senior High School
|Miami Beach Senior High School|
2231 Prairie Avenue
|Established||Original campus: July 1924|
Old campus: September 1958
New campus: April 22, 2010
|School district||Miami-Dade County Public Schools|
|Principal||Dr. Maria T. Rodriguez (2017–present)|
|Student to teacher ratio||17|
|Color(s)||Scarlet and silver|
|Athletics conference||District 14-6A|
|Yearbook||Typhoon & Hi-Tide|
|School grade||B (as of 2019-present)|
Miami Beach Senior High School (Beach High, MBSH) is a secondary school located at 2231 Prairie Avenue Miami Beach, Florida, across from the Miami Beach Convention Center and Botanical Garden. It is located at the corner of Prairie Avenue and Dade Boulevard. The school is in Miami-Dade County and is part of the Miami-Dade County Public Schools, the fourth-largest school district in the United States. In addition, Miami Beach Senior High is the second oldest in Miami-Dade County (after Miami Senior High). In 2009, the school was recognized as a magnet school. In 2010, Miami Beach Senior High was recognized as an International Baccalaureate World School, meaning a select group of students get to attend a two-year program that allows them to graduate with a special diploma. The school was the first in the city of Miami Beach to receive the designation.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Notable alumni
- 4 Athletics
- 5 Clubs
- 6 Academies
- 7 Academics
- 8 Films and productions shot at Beach High
- 9 Student demographics
- 10 School renovations
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Miami Beach High opened in 1926. It was originally located at 1424 Drexel Avenue, in the heart of the South Beach district. It is one of the oldest high schools in Miami-Dade County, trailing only Miami Senior High (1903). It was designed by August Geiger.
Carl Fisher provided the funds for the purchase of the land. For the first nine years of the school, it was named after Carl's mother, Ida M. Fisher. (Mrs. Fisher's middle initial was not "M", and the use of that letter was due to a typographer's error. Carl did not care and was so pleased that the school had been named for his mother that he stated the incorrect letter did not make a difference to him.)
The school's first principal was C. C. Carson. The first class motto was: "Let us be known for our deeds." At that time, the school's nickname was the Typhoons, but this name was changed after its 1960 move to its new location at 2231 Prairie Avenue, about a block north of the South Beach district.
The original building at 14th and Drexel Avenue is now part of the Fienberg-Fisher K-8 Center compound. The school is being renovated and new buildings added to replace the demolished ones.
In the late 1990s, Beach High adopted ID numbers for every student in the school along with school ID cards following an incident in 1995 with a gang member on campus who did not belong to the school. Soon after, every other school in Miami-Dade followed suit.
A new building that opened in 1999 was plagued with defects in the construction. Students were not permitted to use the lockers, and rain caused damage to school equipment.
Miami Beach Senior High School did not make AYP in 2006. Under the No Child Left Behind program, a school makes Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) if it achieves the minimum levels of improvement determined by the state of Florida in terms of student performance and other accountability measures.
Since the 2006–2007 school year, the school has gone with a block schedule consisting of an A-Day (Odd - 1, 3, 5, 7) and B-Day (Even - 2, 4, 6, 8) on alternating school days. It consists of three classes before lunch under Secondary School Reform.
The 2007–2008 school year began with a new principal, Dr. Rosann Sidener, who improved the school's overall grade from a "D" to a "B" in her first year. This school year also saw the move from the old Beach High to the new Beach High in January 2008 with a new library and two new wings (2 and 3).
2008–2009 was the first year in which Miami Beach Sr. High students wore uniforms. In a two-to-one vote by some students' parents and guardians, the vote was ratified. Students now wear red or white shirts with school logo or no logo, along with any shorts or jeans below the knees. The parents and faculty also voted to retain the Hi-Tide name and colors over going back to the Typhoons (former name).
Starting the 2009–2010 school year, Miami Beach Senior High is recognized as a magnet school, becoming the tenth magnet high school in Miami-Dade. Beach High was selected by the school district to apply for the MSAP grant, which is reserved for schools with high minority populations like Beach High, whose student body is 70% of Hispanic origin, compared to the state average of 25%. The district agreed to sponsor Miami Beach High because there are no other magnet schools in the area, and because of the expected increase of school size to nearly 3,000 students as a result of new construction. Beach High will now be able to receive students beyond its attendance boundaries along with those who live within them.
In May 2012, the school held its prom next to an XXXotica Porn Convention at the Miami Beach Convention Center. The two events were held side-by-side, separated by a wall. The prom was held at the convention center to avoid students' drinking at hotels. It was the subject of national jokes, especially on the Jimmy Kimmel Live! late night show.
Building 1 includes the main office, counselors' offices (second floor), and the foreign language wing (second floor).
Buildings 2 and 3
Building 2 is made up of three floors and includes the library (first floor), 12 student restrooms (all floors), and a variety of different classrooms. Connected by an outdoor catwalk, Building 3 includes the Academy of Entrepreneurship (second floor), Academy of Visual and Performing Arts (first floor), and Academy of Information Technology (first and second floors) classrooms. Building 3 also includes the auditorium, as well as drama, chorus, band, guitar, and MIDI lab rooms.
Buildings 4 and 5
Formerly the 9 Building, Building 4 includes the Academy of Hospitality and Tourism classroom, three science classrooms, and two student restrooms. Located across from Building 4 and formerly the 4 Building, Building 5 was remodeled as part of the ongoing construction of the new Miami Beach Senior High. Building 5 houses the NJROTC and Academy of Information Technology in its two floors. It has various classrooms and computer labs, including a remodeled weight training room.
Buildings 6 and 7
Building 6 is a brand new wing that includes the physical ed classrooms, the SCSI room, and the gymnasium. Building 6 consists of two floors and also includes the Varsity and Junior Varsity locker rooms. Building 7 includes the Scholars' Academy wing. It has various classrooms throughout the two floors. Buildings 6 and 7 are located next to the cafeteria, which has six serving bays and a holding capacity of 1,100 people.
Football and soccer field
The football field is located behind Buildings 4 and 5 beside the back parking lot. It is currently[when?] not in use.
On May 28, 2010, it was announced that the Miami Dolphins and the National Football League had contributed towards the renovation of the field. A former alumnus, majority owner Stephen M. Ross, donated half of a $164,000 grant to the school. The field was expected to be renewed by that September, and named after Ross. His $82,000 grant matched an equal donation by the Dolphins, NFL Youth Football Fund and Local Initiatives Support Corporation.
The team plays its games at Flamingo Park's Memorial Field. It is expected to continue to play there, but could move to playing games at the school in the future.
|Attended but did not graduate formally from Beach High|
|Barbara Walters||1947||Television news journalist and anchor||Hosted morning television shows Today and The View, and the television newsmagazine 20/20; co-anchor of the ABC Evening News and correspondent on ABC World News|
|Roy Firestone||1971||Sports commentator||Color commentator for ESPN's first season of ESPN Sunday Night Football in 1987|
|Angelo Sanabria||2008||TV and radio host||DJ and host of Venezuela's nationwide radio station 91.1FM Circuito Líder; producer and presenter of TV show Klan TRT, 2015–Present|
|Film, theater and acting|
|Daniel Taradash||1929||Screenwriter||Won Academy Award|
|Kim Hunter||1940||Actress||Won Academy Award and Golden Globe Award as Best Supporting Actress for her performance as Stella Kowalski in A Streetcar Named Desire; received a Daytime Emmy Award for her work on The Edge of Night|
|Herb Rich||c. 1945||Football player||2x All-Pro NFL football player|
|Mark Medoff||1958||Playwright, screenwriter, film and theatre director, actor||Wrote Children of a Lesser God|
|Mitch Glazer||1969||Producer, writer, and actor||Associate producer of Lost in Translation and Magic City; director and writer of Passion Play|
|Mickey Rourke||1971||Actor, former boxer||Roles in The Wrestler (won Golden Globe for Best Actor), Diner, Sin City, Man on Fire, and Iron Man 2|
|Ellen Barkin||1972||Actress||Roles in Ocean's 13 and Brooklyn's Finest|
|Andy García||1974||Cuban American actor||Roles in The Godfather Part III, The Untouchables, Ocean's Eleven, Ocean's Twelve and Ocean's Thirteen|
|Debra Zane||1979||Casting director||Cast American Beauty, Ocean's 11, Ocean's 12, Ocean's 13, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn, The Hunger Games|
|Annabelle Gurwitch||1980||Actress||Roles in The Shaggy Dog and Boston Legal|
|Brett Ratner||1986||Filmmaker, music video director||Director of Rush Hour, Rush Hour 2, Rush Hour 3, and X-Men: The Last Stand|
|Jean McGianni Celestin||1997||Writer, filmmaker||Wrote The Birth of a Nation|
|Diora Baird||2001||Actress, former model||Roles in Wedding Crashers and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning|
|Nathalia Ramos||2010||Singer, actress||Roles in Bratz and House of Anubis|
|Skip Bertman||1956||Former Louisiana State University baseball coach||Member of the College Baseball Hall of Fame and led the LSU Tigers baseball team to College World Series Championships in 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997, and 2000|
|Mike Belkin||1963||Former Canadian tennis player||Canada's top-ranked player five times between 1966 and 1972, a career 17-12 Davis Cup record, including a 14-7 record in singles|
|Neal Walk||1965||NBA basketball player (retired)||Drafted 2nd overall in 1969 NBA Draft|
|Eddie Dibbs||1969||Former professional tennis player||Attained a career high ranking of World No. 5 in July 1978|
|Norman Smiley||1983||Professional wrestler||Appeared in World Championship Wrestling|
|Elvis Yero||1984||Three-time Golden Gloves Amateur Boxing Champion, National AAU Champion|
|Dave Thomas||1986||Former professional football player||Super Bowl XXVIII Champion (1993) with Dallas Cowboys|
|Duane Starks||1993||Former professional football player||Super Bowl XXXV Champion (2001) with Baltimore Ravens|
|Terry Cousin||1993||Former football cornerback||Played for hometown Miami Dolphins in 2001|
|Samari Rolle||1994||Professional football player (defensive back)||Played for the Baltimore Ravens, one-time Pro Bowl selection|
|Chad Johnson||1996||Professional football player (wide receiver)||Super Bowl XLVI appearance (2012) with the New England Patriots, six-time Pro Bowler, appeared on Dancing with the Stars|
|Ricardo Louis||2012||Collegiate football player (wide receiver)||Currently playing for Auburn University Tigers|
|Music and entertainment|
|Ruth W. Greenfield||1941||Musician and teacher||Founder of Miami Fine Arts Conservatory|
|David Lucas (born David Helfman)||1955||Composer and producer||Wrote many well-known commercial jingles such as AT&T's "Reach out and touch someone"; early producer for Blue Öyster Cult, sang backup vocals and came up with the idea for the cowbell in "Don't Fear the Reaper"|
|Desmond Child||1972||Musician||Member of Songwriters Hall of Fame|
|Michael Gordon||1973||Composer||Co-founder of the Bang on a Can festival and ensemble|
|David Chesky||1973||Composer, Record label owner||Grammy Award-nominated composer, Co-founder of Chesky Records, Co-Founder of HDtracks|
|Norman Chesky||1973||Record label owner and producer||Co-founder of Chesky Records, Co-Founder of HDtracks, Producer of over 300 albums|
|Luther Campbell||1979||Record label owner and rap performer||One-time member and leader of 2 Live Crew|
|Ann Curless||1982||Musician||Member of group Exposé|
|Alex Omes||198?/199?||Electronic music and concert promoter||Co-founder of Ultra Music Festival|
|Tego Calderón||1990||Puerto Rican rap artist||Broke records of attendance of audience at a concert in El Salvador, Guatemala, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and Mexico; appeared in Fast & Furious and Fast Five|
|Fernando Perdomo||1998||Producer, singer-songwriter, guitarist, record label owner||Produced Linda Perhacs, Andy Pratt, and Dean Ford; recorded and toured with Mika, Todd Rundgren, Christian Castro and Paulina Rubio|
|Andy "Mad Skrews" Diaz||2002||Music producer||Produced for Lil Wayne, Ky-Mani Marley, Maffio, Trina, Jagged Edge, and Gucci Mane|
|Chris Price||2002||Singer-songwriter and record producer||Producer for 1970s cult figures Linda Perhacs and Emitt Rhodes; recorded a solo album entirely on an IPhone 4|
|Robert Rubin||1956||Banker||Former co-CEO of Goldman Sachs and United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Bill Clinton|
|Stephen M. Ross||1958||New York City-based real estate developer, founder of The Related Companies||95% owner of the NFL Miami Dolphins and 95% owner of Sun Life Stadium|
|Nevin Shapiro||1986||Former University of Miami booster||Convicted in a $960 million Ponzi scheme; central figure in the 2011 University of Miami athletics scandal, when he revealed that he had provided about $2 million in benefits to Miami athletes, mostly football players, in violation of NCAA rules|
|Anton Klingspor||2017||Entrepreneur||Founder and General Partner of Indicina Ventures|
|Bonnie Lyons||1952||Writer and professor||Professor at University of Texas at San Antonio|
|Thane Rosenbaum||1978||American novelist, essayist and law professor||Distinguished Fellow at the New York University School of Law|
|Daniel Schechter||1979||Author and researcher||Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Geneva, Switzerland|
|Science and technology|
|Barry Katzen||1963||Physician||Pioneer in angioplasty (a surgical procedure to open blocked arteries) and is the Founder and Medical Director of Baptist Cardiac and Vascular Institute in Miami.|
|Guy Stofman||1975||Physician||Chief of Plastic Surgery at The Mercy Hospital of Pittsburgh’s trauma center and burn unit.|
|Jonathan Sackner-Bernstein||1979||Physician, researcher||Cardiologist; formerly FDA's Associate Center Director for Technology and Innovation (Center for Devices) and consultant to DARPA (Biological Technologies Office).|
|Politics and justice|
|Gerald Kogan||1958||Former Chief Justice||Served as Chief Justice for the Florida Supreme Court (1987–98)|
|Steven J. Green||1963||Former United States Ambassador to Singapore||Honorary Consul General of the Republic of Singapore|
|Dan Gelber||1978||Attorney||Member of Florida Senate (35th District); 2010 Democratic candidate for Florida Attorney General|
|Alan S. Gold||1980||Politician||Florida State Representative|
|Jimmy L. Morales||1980||Politician||Current city manager for the City of Miami Beach, Former Miami-Dade County Commissioner and 2004 mayoral candidate for County Mayor.|
|Leon Rodriguez||1980||Attorney||Former Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services at the United States Department of Homeland Security under the Obama Administration|
Miami Beach High School has a gymnasium which is used for basketball, volleyball and wrestling. The baseball and soccer field is in Flamingo Park, located about a mile away from the school. The current athletic director is Edgar Botto. Miami Beach High offers these athletics:
The school's sports history and achievements are as follows:
- In the 1930s, the volleyball team won its first state championship. This was followed by district championships in 1990, 1998, 2002 and 2011.
- In 1946 and 1962, the basketball team won the state championship.
- In 1955, the football team was Gold Coast Champs.
- In 1965, Coach Chuck Fieldson was the Miami Herald's Coach of the Year.
- In the 1970s, the school won their first baseball , as well as two state runner-up finishes, all under future College Baseball Hall of Famer Skip Bertman. They also won the 2018 district championship.
- In 1974, the football team reached the state title game but lost to Leon High School, in Tallahassee.
- In 1995, the football team became district champions for the first time after 10 years in 1986.
- In 1985, 1986, 1989, 1996, and 2000, the school's wrestling team were district champions.
- in 1988 the school's boys water polo team won its first of three state championships.
- In 1990, 1993, 2011 and 2013, girls' cross country won district championships.
- In boys' soccer, Miami Beach Senior High has won the district titles in 1991, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2012 and 2013. They hold a couple of GMAC titles as well as Regional Championships. They were state runner-up in 1994.
- In the 2006–2007 football season, the varsity football team finished with a 0–10 record overall (0–5 District), the worst record in school history. The school has gone through its losing ways, with a 7–23 record since the start of the 2004 football season and has lost 15 of their 17 football games dating to 2005. The football team won its first game since 2005 when it beat rival Miami High 10–7, and won the following game after that, finishing the 2007 season with two wins and the 2008 season with four wins.
- In 2008, Junior Francisco "Hunter" Becerra won the state championship in the diving competition.
- In 2019, MBSH cheerleaders brought their first trophy. They won first place at a FCDA competition and ended third place in the nationals
- In 2011, the Miami Beach Hi-Tide football team began 4–0 for the first time in the new millennium, which included three shutouts to begin the season (Alonzo Mourning, North Miami, and Hialeah Gardens) and a 52-21 rout of rival Krop. The team has been led by Ricardo Louis, a top recruit in the county (ranked the No. 32 overall prospect in ESPNU Top 150 list and committed to Auburn).
- In 2011 the girls' varsity volleyball team made MBSH history by winning districts and advancing to regional semifinals. The team also achieved a 16-0 undefeated season before district competitions began.
- In 2011 and 2012 the girls' cross country team were district champs, advancing to regional semifinals.
- In the 2011–2012 and 2012-2013 academic school year the Miami Beach football team made two consecutive playoff appearances, a first in the school's history. Under head coach Jason Kradman the Hi-Tides got approval from the Miami Beach city hall for a $2.4 million renovation of Flamingo Park football field. The field was expected to be first used in September 2013.[needs update]
- The school's athletic rival is Miami Senior High but the school also has an informal athletic rivalry with Dr. Michael M. Krop High School and North Miami High School.
- Water polo is the most successful team in school history, with three state titles. Winning their first title in 1988.
- 5,000 Role Models
- Art Club
- Auditorium Stage Crew
- Beach Patrol
- Beachcomber (newspaper)
- Best Buddies
- Brazilian Club
- Chess Club
- DDC (Diversity Dance Crew)
- Drama Club
- Drum Corps
- Ecology Club
- Embryo (school magazine)
- FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)
- FEA (Future Educators of America)
- Film Club
- Florida Public Service Association
- French Club
- Gay Straight Alliance
- Hispanic Club
- In-School Student Chamber of Commerce
- Junior State of America
- Key Club
- Law Club
- Leo Club
- Miami Beach Senior High Alumni Association
- NJROTC (Naval Junior Officers Reserve Training Corps)
- Quill & Scroll
- Robotics Club
- Rock Ensemble
- Scuba Club
- Speech and Debate Team
- Stage Crew
- Student Government
During the DECA 50th State Career Development Conference in 2010, Isabella Mongalo became the first person in Dade County to be elected a Florida DECA state officer when she was selected by voting delegates as Florida Vice-President.
In 2015, the Speech and Debate team were the runner-ups at CFL Nationals and won the FFL State Championship, both in Public Forum Debate.
- English Honor Society - open to juniors and seniors who have consistently maintained a high average in English for a minimum of three years
- Italian Honor Society - open to juniors and seniors who have consistently maintained a high average in their years spent studying the language
- Mu Alpha Theta - math honor society
- NRHS Honor Society is part of a national organization. Membership is based on scholarship, community service, leadership, and character. To qualify, students must show a minimum of 20 verifiable hours of community service, and display strong leadership qualities. Students meeting these requirements are interviewed and selected by members of the Faculty Council.
- Phi Beta Chi - science honor society, open to juniors and seniors who have consistently achieved 90s in science for a minimum of three years
- Quill and Scroll - writing honor society
Academy of Hospitality and Tourism: Launched in 1987, this prepares students for post-secondary education and careers through a theme-based, contextualized curriculum approach. It provides students with the requisite knowledge and skills for a successful career in one of the world's largest service industries, through a curriculum that provides an in-depth look at all aspects of tourism and hospitality, including coursework in business, geography, hospitality, and economics. The Academy of Hospitality & Tourism operates as a small learning community and is located in more than 110 high schools nationwide, including Miami Beach Senior High. It is the largest academy of the school, with nearly 200 students. Students go on annual familiarization trips to places such as Denver, Alaska, Orlando, and San Francisco.
Academy of Information Technology: For students in the 9th through 12th grades, this academy provides student internships, job shadowing opportunities, industry certifications in networking (A+ and C.I.W.), Adobe Dreamweaver, Flash and Photoshop, and in Microsoft's M.O.S. AOIT students also network with NAF (The National Academy Foundation) and community leaders who help guide the program and advocate on its behalf. This academy teaches the students about computer technology in general.
Academy of Visual and Performing Arts: This offers program strands in drawing, painting, sculpture, photography, acting, music performance, music education, and music composition/sound engineering.
Academy of Digital Media: This offers program strands in film and television production, journalism and creative writing.
Academy of Marine and Environmental Science: This is offered to students interested in fields involving the environment or marine life.
Academy of Entrepreneurship: This is for students in grades 10–12 who wish to enhance their high school career with real-world experience in business and entrepreneurship. AOSBE introduces high school students to the global workplace and to many career opportunities available in accounting, business administration, finance, and entrepreneurship.
Academy of Education and Child Care: This offers opportunities and innovative ways to learn about the responsibilities of child care, and the future of the students with real-life situations.
AVID: Advancement Via Individual Determination is a fourth- through twelfth-grade system to prepare students in the academic middle for four-year college eligibility. It has a proven track record in bringing out the best in students, and in closing the achievement gap.
Scholars Academy: During sophomore year, students in this academy are given the opportunity to apply for the International Baccalaureate program, which begins in the 11th grade and lasts until senior year.
|Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (school grades)|
Films and productions shot at Beach High
An episode of MTV's MADE, a self-improvement reality television series, was shot at Miami Beach Senior High in early 2010, chronicling the Miami Beach Cheer Team. It is the third episode of the 11th season of the series. It premiered August 20, 2010, to mixed reviews.
In 1985, the opening scene of the movie Band of the Hand (directed by Paul Michael Glaser) was filmed at MBSH. An explosion scene was filmed by blowing out the wall to a classroom in the 100 wing.
The ethnic composition of the student body is:
- 65% Hispanic
- 23% Non-Hispanic White
- 10% African American
- 2% Asian
- N/A multiracial
- N/A American Indian
The gender composition of the student body is:
By the 1950s the majority of Miami Beach High's student body had become Jewish. At that time many non-Jewish parents began sending their children to other schools. In previous decades wealthy Christian students were the majority.
The school is undergoing major renovations after 47 years at its second and current location on Prairie Avenue. The school demolished three old buildings (100–300 wings) while remodeling the zero wing (now Building 7) for the Scholars' Academy. Taking their place were two new buildings (Buildings 2 and 3), which opened in early 2008 along with a remodeled CAP office, new auditorium, a new dining facility and outdoor dining area with food court style service, a new gymnasium, black box theater, media center, science and computer labs. The first phase, which includes the already completed bus lane and parking lots, parent drop-off lane, auditorium, and new classrooms, was completed in late 2007.
The completed construction and remodeling of the school was finished a few weeks before school started. This includes a fourth facility (Building 6) which houses a new gym and cafeteria and opened in time for the start of the 2009–10 school year over the former area of the 100–400 wings. The new air-conditioned gym is twice the size of the old gym, which was demolished during the summer break of 2009 in time for the first day of school. A courtyard replaced the old gym's location. The new gym has an aerobics room, dance studio, and new locker rooms.
- "MIAMI BEACH SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
- "Miami Beach Senior High School - Miami Beach, Florida - FL - School overview". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- Bramson, Seth. From Farms and Fields to the Future: The Incredible History of North Miami Beach. Arcadia Publishing, June 1, 2012. ISBN 1614236410, 9781614236412. Google Books PT 125. "[...] and then on to North Miami Beach Senior High, [...] or Dr. Michael Krop Senior High, [...] to complete their secondary educations. (Prior to the opening of NMB and Krop, North Miami Beach's high school-age students went to North Miami or Norland High Schools.)"
- Cenziper, Debbie. "At Beach High, when it rains it pours" (Archive). Miami Herald. Tuesday February 11, 2003. Retrieved on January 10, 2016.
- "Miami Beach prom a smut-acular event". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- Estrategia, Social. "Circuito Lider - Fuerza Radial en Venezuela - Streaming de Audio y Video". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- Cohen, Howard (29 January 2016). "Miami Beach High Rock Ensemble founder Doug Burris dies at 73". Miami Herald. Miami Herald. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
- Cohen, Howard (2015-01-20). "Ultra co-founder, Miami nightlife fixture Alex Omes dies at 43". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2015-01-31.
- "NFL on Yahoo! Sports - News, Scores, Standings, Rumors, Fantasy Games". Yahoo Sports. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Elfrink, Tim (December 16, 2010). "Nevin Shapiro Is the Caligula of South Florida's Ponzi Empire". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-30. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2012-07-10. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- "Speech and Debate Team / Awards". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- "Let It Go - MTV". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- "Miami Beach Senior High School". greatschools.org. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Moore, Deborah Dash. To the Golden Cities: Pursuing the American Jewish Dream in Miami and L.A.. Harvard University Press, 1994. ISBN 0674893050, 9780674893054. p. 87.