Rock candy

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This article is about crystalised sugar candy. For the cylindrical British boiled candy, see Rock (confectionery). For the song, see Rock Candy. For the mash up rock group, see Rock Sugar (band) . For other uses, see Rock (disambiguation).
Rock candy
Colored and flavored rock candy commonly sold in the United States
Alternative names Rock sugar
Type Confectionery
Main ingredients Sugar, water
Other information 450-225
Cookbook: Rock candy  Media: Rock candy
Traditional brown rock sugar
White rock sugar

Rock candy (also called rock sugar) is a type of confectionery mineral composed of relatively large sugar crystals. This candy is formed by allowing a supersaturated solution of sugar and water to crystallize onto a surface suitable for crystal nucleation, such as a string, stick, or plain granulated sugar. Heating the water before adding the sugar allows more sugar to dissolve thus producing larger crystals. Crystals form after 6–7 days. Food coloring may be added to the mixture to produce colored candy.


Candied sugar has its origins in Iran. Islamic writers in the first half of the 9th century described the production of candy sugar, where crystals were grown as a result of cooling supersaturated sugar solutions. In order to accelerate crystallization, confectioners later learned to immerse small twigs in the solution for the crystals to grow on. The sugar solution was colored with cochineal and indigo and scented with ambergris or flower essence.

The name comes from the medieval era, and in turn lends its name to a British candy called rock.[1]


Rock candy is often dissolved in tea. It is an important part of the tea culture of East Frisia, where a lump of rock sugar is placed at the bottom of the cup.

In China, it is used to sweeten Chrysanthemum tea as well as Cantonese dessert soups and the liquor baijiu. In some Chinese provinces, it is used as a part of traditional Chinese medicine.[citation needed] It is a common ingredient in Chinese cooking, and many households have rock candy available to marinate meats and add to stir fry. Rock candy is also regarded as having medicinal properties and is used to prepare food such as yao shan. In less modern times, rock sugar was a luxury only for the wealthy.

Rock candy is widely used in India with fennel seeds as a mouth freshener, especially after meals, and is a common ingredient in Tamil cuisine, particularly in the Sri Lankan city of Jaffna.

In the Friesland province of the Netherlands, bits of rock candy are baked in the luxury white bread Fryske Sûkerbôle. In Mexico it is used during the Day of the Dead, when children use rock candy to create sugar skulls. In the US, rock candy comes in many colors and flavors, and is slightly hard to find, due to it being considered old fashioned.[1]


  1. ^ a b Richardson, Tim. (2002) Sweets: A History of Candy. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1582342290 p. 90

External links[edit]

  • Recipe for rock candy as an educational exercise in crystal and candy making.