List of rock formations

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Rocks formations and the Dedo de Deus (God's Finger) peak in the background, Serra dos Órgãos National Park, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil
Raouché or Pigeons' Rock in Beirut, Lebanon
View of Meteora, Greece
Rock formations in Ongamira Valley, Sierras de Córdoba, Argentina
"Jaws", an erosional fin in Little Finland, Nevada, USA
"Hajdučka vrata" on Čvrsnica, Herzegovina

A rock formation is an isolated, scenic, or spectacular surface rock outcrop. Rock formations are usually the result of weathering and erosion sculpting the existing rock. The term rock formation can also refer to specific sedimentary strata or other rock unit in stratigraphic and petrologic studies.

A rock structure can be created in any rock type or combination:

  • Igneous rocks are created when molten rock cools and solidifies, with or without crystallization. They may be either plutonic bodies or volcanic extrusives. Again, erosive forces sculpt their current forms.
  • Metamorphic rocks are created by rocks that have been transformed into another kind of rock, usually by some combination of heat, pressure, and chemical alteration.
  • Sedimentary rocks are created by a variety of processes but usually involving deposition, grain by grain, layer by layer, in water or, in the case of terrestrial sediments, on land through the action of wind or sometimes moving ice. Erosion later exposes them in their current form.

Geologists have created a number of terms to describe different rock structures in the landscape that can be formed by natural processes:

Here is a list of rock formations by continent.

Asia[edit]

Avatar Hallelujah Mountain in Wulingyuan
Candle Rock (Yoichi, Hokkaidō, Japan).
Rock formations at Hyderabad, India
Paşabağı, Cappadocia/Turkey
Kapurpurawan Rock Formation in Burgos, Ilocos Norte, Philippines
Punta Matagar rock formation in Banton, Romblon, Philippines
A rock formation at Apo Island in Dauin, Negros Oriental, Philippines

Armenia[edit]

China[edit]

Jordan[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

  • Kuh-E-Namak
  • Elemite Rock, Fars
  • Mahneshan, Zanjan

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Mongolia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

  • Paşabağı, Cappadocia
  • Goreme National Park
  • Narman Fairy Chimneys (aka the Land of the Red Fairies), Narman district of Eastern Anatolian province of Erzurum

Yemen[edit]

  • Wadi Dhar
  • Bani Al Harit, Sana'a

Other countries[edit]

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

  • Tamanrasset
  • Tassili Mountains

Angola[edit]

  • Iona, Tombwa
  • Pedras Negras de Pungo Andongo

Burkina Faso[edit]

Domes de Fabedougou, Burkina Faso
  • Doumes de Fabedougou
  • Pic du Sindou

Cameroon[edit]

  • Kola Gorge, Cameroon
    Kola Gorge rock structures, Cameroon
    Kola Gorge

Egypt[edit]

  • Khaboba
  • Thebes
  • Esna shale
  • Nubian sandstone

Eritrea[edit]

  • Decemhare

Kenya[edit]

Libya[edit]

Madagascar[edit]

Malawi[edit]

  • Makuzi Beach, Chintheche yui

Mali[edit]

  • Massif des Aguilles de Garmi

Mauritania[edit]

Morocco[edit]

  • Siroua Mountains
  • Tafraoute

Namibia[edit]

Vingerklip at Ugab Valley in Namibia (2014)
  • Waterberg Plateau
  • Bogenfels
  • Vingerklip, Damaraland

Niger[edit]

  • Geuzzam

Nigeria[edit]

Seychelles[edit]

  • Anse Source d'Argent, La Digue

South Africa[edit]

Sudan[edit]

  • Burget Tuyur, Selima

Tunisia[edit]

  • Chebika Rock
  • Tamazrat

Zimbabwe[edit]

  • Domboshava Rocks
  • Maleme Dam, Matobos
  • Motombo Rock Formations

North America[edit]

United States of America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Central America[edit]

  • Bosque del Cabo, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica
  • Los Ladrillos, Boquete, Panama[2]

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

  • Dali's Desert, Potosi
  • Valle de Las Rocas, Uyuni
  • Canon de Duene

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Falkland Islands[edit]

Paraguay[edit]

Peru[edit]

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

A view of the Wonderful Bridges, Bulgaria

Croatia[edit]

Bijele stijene (White Rocks) and Samarske stijene (Samar Rocks), Velika Kapela, Croatia

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Meteora with Greek Orthodox monasteries

Gibraltar[edit]

The iconic Rock of Gibraltar

Bailiwick of Guernsey[edit]

Iceland[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Pietra di Bismantova, Italy

Latvia[edit]

  • Vidzeme
  • Pusena Kalns, Bartava

North Macedonia[edit]

Malta[edit]

Isle of Man[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Romania[edit]

The collapsed Bride's Cave (Salt Mountain) from Slănic, Romania

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Vratna Gates natural stone bridges in Serbia

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Gotická brána, Sulov rocks, Slovakia

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Uluru, Australia
Mount Augustus, Australia

New Zealand[edit]

Castle Hill, New Zealand

Other countries[edit]

Talava arches, Niue

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Olumo Rock - A Nigerian Tourist Destination". www.olumorock.com. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  2. ^ "Escalando el Gunko de Boquete" (in Spanish). El Chiricano. 2007-06-04.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Stânca Babacai (de aici incepe Clisura de sus)". wikimapia.org. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  4. ^ "Красноярские Столбы". www.stolby.ru. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  5. ^ The Djavolja Varos (Devil's Town) Natural Landmark, UNESCO World Heritage
  6. ^ "Vodopad Prskalo" (in Serbian). FreeBiking.org.

External links[edit]