Rock parrot

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Rock parrot
Rock Parrot Cape Leeuwin 2 email.jpg
At Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Neophema
N. petrophila
Binomial name
Neophema petrophila
(Gould, 1841)

The rock parrot (Neophema petrophila), also known as the rock elegant, is a parrot which is endemic to coastal South Australia, southern Western Australia, and that continent's offshore islands, including Rottnest Island. It is a small, predominantly olive-green parrot. Grass seeds form the bulk of its diet.


The rock parrot was described by ornithologist John Gould in 1841, its specific name petrophila derived from the Greek petros/πετρος 'rock' and philos/φιλος 'loving'.[2]


The rock parrot is 22 cm (9 in) long and predominantly olive-brown in colour with a dark blue frontal band line above with lighter blue. The lores and parts of the cheek are pale blue, this is less extensive in females. The breast is olive-grey, and duller in females, while abdomen and vent are yellow. The wings are predominantly olive with outer flight feathers blue. The yellow-edged tail has shades of olive and blue. The bill and legs are grey and the eyes dark brown. Juveniles are duller and lack the frontal bands.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Rocky islands and coastal dune areas are the preferred habitats for this species, which is found from Robe, South Australia westwards across coastal South and Western Australia to Shark Bay.[3]


Rock parrots eat seeds of grasses, shrubs and succulent plants, such as Carpobrotus species, in coastal habitats. They can be approached easily while feeding.[3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Neophema petrophila". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Liddell, Henry George & Robert Scott (1980). A Greek-English Lexicon (Abridged Edition). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-910207-4.
  3. ^ a b c Forshaw J (1978). Parrots of the World. Landsdowne. pp. 265–66. ISBN 0-7018-0690-7.
  • Lendon AH (1980). Australian Parrots in Field and Aviary. Angus & Robertson. ISBN 0-207-12424-8.