It begins as an undivided road at Eldert Lane, a small one-way street that runs along the border between Queens and Brooklyn. West of Atlantic Avenue, it is a two-lane road. When it crosses Atlantic Avenue, it widens to four lanes.
Rockaway Boulevard generally runs east-southeast. It crosses the Van Wyck Expressway (I-678) and the Belt Parkway. Just south of the parkway, the Queens segment of the Nassau Expressway (NY 878) ends at Rockaway Boulevard, in a Y-shaped, at-grade junction. Rockaway Boulevard becomes a six-lane divided road at this point and continues southeast to the Queens-Nassau border, where it splits. One branch continues as Rockaway Turnpike (Nassau County Route 257), and the other leads to the southern part of NY 878. Rockaway Boulevard and Rockaway Turnpike were formerly known as Rockaway Road (or Rockaway Plank Road) and the Jamaica and Rockaway Turnpike. The portion of Rockaway Turnpike in Queens (a separate road towards Jamaica) is now called Sutphin Boulevard.
The Rockaway Boulevard station (A train) of the New York City Subway serves the boulevard at the intersection of Cross Bay, Rockaway, and Woodhaven Boulevards. In addition, the Q6, Q7, Q113 and Q114 run along parts of the boulevard.
- New York (State). Legislature. Senate (1920). New York Legislative Documents: One Hundred and Forty-Third Session. pp. 159–161.
- New York (State). Legislature. Senate (1913). Documents of the Senate of the State of New York. pp. 593–603.
- Tuttle, Arthur S. (October 27, 1922). "Street System-Territory Bounded by Van Wyck Boulevard, Foc Boulevard, 140th Street, 116th Avenue, Sutphin Boulevard (Rockaway Turnpike), and 120th Avenue. Borough of Queens-Approval of Map Showing Subdivision of Private Property (Cal. No. 118).". The City Record. 50 (9-10): 6998. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- Digital Collections, The New York Public Library. "(still image) Plate 41: Bounded by Bergen Landing Road, Rockaway Plank Road, Rockaway Turnpike, Meyer Avenue, New York Avenue, Farmers Avenue, Rockaway Plank Road, (Idlewild Park)Three Mile Road and (Richmond Hill Circle) Old South Road., (1909)". The New York Public Library, Astor, Lennox, and Tilden Foundation. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Q6 bus schedule
- Q7 bus schedule
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