Rocker bottom foot
Classification and external resources
Rocker bottom foot, also known as congenital vertical talus, is an anomaly of the foot. It is characterized by a prominent calcaneus (heel bone) and a convex rounded bottom of the foot. It gets its name from the foot's resemblance to the bottom of a  rocking chair.
It can be associated with
Edwards' syndrome (trisomy 18), Patau syndrome (trisomy 13), Trisomy 9 and mutation in the gene HOXD10. It can also be associated with  Charcots foot.
Treatment [ edit ]
Type II should be managed conservatively whereas type I and Ia requires to be treated surgically.
Surgery involves four major steps:  
Development of the calcaneal part of the foot
Repositioning of the navicular bone
New adjustment of the ankle, and
Various stabilization measures including the Grice operation and transposition of various tendons.
References [ edit ]
^ "Pediatric Pathology" . Retrieved . 2009-04-08
^ Gurnett CA, Keppel C, Bick J, Bowcock AM, Dobbs MB (September 2007). "Absence of HOXD10 mutations in idiopathic clubfoot and sporadic vertical talus". Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 462: 27–31. PMID 17417092. doi: 10.1097/BLO.0b013e31805d8649.
^ a b Schulitz, KP; Schumacher, G; Parsch, K (February 1977). "Congenital rocker-bottom foot (author's transl)". Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete. 115 (1): 55–67. PMID 320773.