Rocking chair

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
A Thonet rocking chair

A rocking chair or rocker is a type of chair with two curved bands (also known as rockers) attached to the bottom of the legs, connecting the legs on each side to each other. The rockers contact the floor at only two points, giving the occupant the ability to rock back and forth by shifting their weight or pushing lightly with their feet.[1][2] Rocking chairs are most commonly made of wood. Some rocking chairs can fold.


The word rocking chair comes from the verb to rock.[3] The first known use of the term rocking chair was in 1766.[4]


A rocking chair designed by Swedish painter and furniture designer, Karin Bergöö Larsson

Rocking chairs are often seen as evocative of parenting, as the gentle rocking motion soothes infants and sends them off to sleep.[5]

Many adults find rocking chairs soothing because of the gentle motion. Gentle rocking motion has been shown to provide faster onset of sleep than remaining stationary, mimicking the process of a parent rocking a child to sleep.[6]

Rocking chairs are also comfortable because, when a user sits in one without rocking, the chair automatically rocks backward until the sitter's center of gravity is met, thus granting an ergonomic benefit with the occupant kept at an un-stressed position and angle.[citation needed]

Varieties of rockers include those mounted on a spring base (or platform) called "platform rockers" and those with swinging braces commonly known as gliders.[citation needed]


A September 1931 photo of man in Texas lounging in a rocking chair while reading
Edvard Munch: Aunt Karen in the Rocking Chair, 1883

Though American inventor Benjamin Franklin is sometimes credited with inventing the rocking chair, historians actually trace the rocking chair's origins to North America during the early 18th century, when Franklin was a child. Originally used in gardens, they were simply ordinary chairs with rockers attached. It was in 1725 that early rocking chairs first appeared in England. The production of wicker rocking chairs reached its peak in America during the middle of the 18th century. These wicker rockers, as they were popularly known, were famous for their craftsmanship and creative designs. Rocking cradles long predate rocking chairs however and an example exists from antiquity, found in the ruins of Herculaneum.

Michael Thonet, a German craftsman, created the first bentwood rocking chair in 1860.[7] This design is distinguished by its graceful shape and its light weight. These rocking chairs were influenced by Greek and Roman designs as well as Renaissance and colonial era artistry.[7]

During the 1920s, however, folding rocking chairs became more popular in the United States and in Europe. They were handy for outdoor activities and travel purposes. By the 1950s, rocking chairs built by Sam Maloof, an American craftsman, became famous for their durability and deluxe appearance. Maloof's rocking chairs are distinguished by their ski-shaped rockers.[8]

Types of Rocking Chair[edit]


Michael Thonet received a patent in 1856 for the process of bentwood manufacturing, when he and his five sons began to produce innovative ‘bentwood’ furniture. Rare Antique Thonet Bentwood Rocking Chair Figural Carved and Pressed Wood with Griffins and Northwind Face. Item features figural pressed wood back and seat with griffin and northwind face.


Boston were actually made in Connecticut. Boston rockers were traditionally made of oak and pine, painted black, and embellished with fruit and flower designs.


Folding rocking chair were popular starting in the 1870s. They come in a variety of styles, but are recognized by their ability to fold the back down to the seat.


wicker chair is a machine-manufactured rocking armchair from the early 20th century. These rocking chair was probably part of a sun parlor set, which included a sofa, side chairs, a table, a planter, and a floor lamp.

Pressed Back[edit]

The pressed back rocking chair was part of the American colony revival style that lasted from about 1870-1920. You can easily identify this style by the raised design of the wood on the back

Ladder Back[edit]

The laddeback rocking chair is what many people think of when they think of a country rocking chair. It is easy to recognize with its tall back and horizontal slat design.

The 'Kennedy Rocker' rocking chair[edit]

President John F. Kennedy made the P & P Chair's rocking chair famous. In 1955, Kennedy, who suffered with chronic back problems, was prescribed swimming and the use of a rocking chair by his physician. The President so enjoyed the rocker that, after he was inaugurated in 1961, he took the chair on Air Force One when he traveled around the country and the world. He bought additional rockers for Camp David and for the Kennedy estates; and he gave them as gifts to friends, family, and heads of state. Kennedy's rocking chair from the White House is on permanent display at the John F. Kennedy Library and Museum.

Per the manufacturing design, the Kennedy Rocking Chair is shaped, steam-bent, and assembled while the wood is still green.[9][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Rocking chair". The Free Dictionary By Farkex. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  2. ^ "Rocking chair". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  3. ^ "Rocker". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  4. ^ "Rocking chair". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  5. ^ "Rocking chairs". Parents. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  6. ^ Bayer, Laurence; Constantinescu, Irina; Perrig, Stephen; Vienne, Julie; Vidal, Pierre-Paul; Mühlethaler, Michel; Schwartz, Sophie (2011). "Rocking synchronizes brain waves during a short nap". Current Biology. Elsevier. 21 (12): R461–R462. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2011.05.012. PMID 21683897.
  7. ^ a b "Michael Thonet and his Bentwood Rocking Chair". Archived from the original on April 9, 2013. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  8. ^ "Sam Maloof, Furniture Craftsman, Dies at 93". The New York Times. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  9. ^ "History Of The Kennedy Rocker". Kennedy Rockers. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  10. ^ "The Kennedy Rocker". P&P Chair Company. Retrieved May 17, 2012.

External links[edit]

Media related to Rocking chairs at Wikimedia Commons