Knox County, Maine

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Knox County, Maine
Knox County Courthouse, Rockland, Maine.jpg
Knox County Courthouse
Map of Maine highlighting Knox County
Location in the U.S. state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded April 1, 1860
Named for Henry Knox
Seat Rockland
Largest city Rockland
Area
 • Total 1,144 sq mi (2,963 km2)
 • Land 365 sq mi (945 km2)
 • Water 779 sq mi (2,018 km2), 68%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 39,744
 • Density 109/sq mi (42/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.knoxcountymaine.gov

Knox County is a county located in the state of Maine, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,736.[1] Its county seat is Rockland.[2] The county is named for American Revolutionary War general and Secretary of War Henry Knox,[3] who lived in the county from 1795 until his death in 1806. The county was established on April 1, 1860, and is the most recent county to be created in Maine. It was carved from parts of Waldo and Lincoln counties. The Union Fair, started in 1868, began as the efforts of the North Knox Agricultural and Horticultural Society.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,144 square miles (2,960 km2), of which 365 square miles (950 km2) is land and 779 square miles (2,020 km2) (68%) is water.[5] It is the second-smallest county in Maine by land area. It was originally part of the Waldo Patent.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 32,716
1870 30,823 −5.8%
1880 32,863 6.6%
1890 31,473 −4.2%
1900 30,406 −3.4%
1910 28,981 −4.7%
1920 26,245 −9.4%
1930 27,693 5.5%
1940 27,191 −1.8%
1950 28,121 3.4%
1960 28,575 1.6%
1970 29,013 1.5%
1980 32,941 13.5%
1990 36,310 10.2%
2000 39,618 9.1%
2010 39,736 0.3%
Est. 2016 39,744 [6] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 39,618 people, 16,608 households, and 10,728 families residing in the county. The population density was 108 people per square mile (42/km²). There were 21,612 housing units at an average density of 59 per square mile (23/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.28% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.4% were of English, 12.2% Irish, 11.7% United States or American, 7.5% German and 5.7% French ancestry. 97.1% spoke English and 1.5% French as their first language.

There were 16,608 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,774, and the median income for a family was $43,819. Males had a median income of $30,704 versus $22,382 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,981. About 6.40% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,736 people, 17,258 households, and 10,662 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 108.8 inhabitants per square mile (42.0/km2). There were 23,744 housing units at an average density of 65.0 per square mile (25.1/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 31.3% were English, 19.0% were Irish, 12.8% were German, 6.9% were Scottish, and 5.9% were American.[14]

Of the 17,258 households, 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.2% were non-families, and 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.75. The median age was 46.2 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,264 and the median income for a family was $55,830. Males had a median income of $40,712 versus $29,732 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,291. About 7.9% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 39.5% 9,148 53.8% 12,443 6.7% 1,556
2012 37.4% 8,248 59.9% 13,223 2.7% 596
2008 38.4% 8,816 59.7% 13,728 1.9% 436
2004 43.5% 10,103 54.6% 12,690 2.0% 454
2000 43.7% 8,968 46.1% 9,453 10.2% 2,080
1996 32.8% 6,192 46.8% 8,839 20.4% 3,852
1992 31.0% 6,310 37.5% 7,631 31.5% 6,397
1988 57.5% 10,156 41.6% 7,343 0.9% 151
1984 65.0% 11,311 34.6% 6,024 0.4% 66
1980 49.0% 7,631 36.8% 5,732 14.2% 2,218
1976 56.2% 8,315 40.1% 5,922 3.7% 549
1972 70.2% 8,478 29.8% 3,601 0.0% 0
1968 55.3% 6,585 43.0% 5,119 1.8% 214
1964 38.5% 4,404 61.4% 7,022 0.0% 4
1960 70.4% 9,083 29.6% 3,816 0.0% 1
1956 81.3% 8,866 18.7% 2,037 0.0% 0
1952 78.3% 8,793 21.5% 2,414 0.2% 20
1948 72.7% 5,374 26.0% 1,924 1.3% 97
1944 59.7% 5,590 40.1% 3,758 0.2% 15
1940 60.8% 6,530 39.1% 4,197 0.2% 20
1936 60.4% 6,567 36.7% 3,991 3.0% 321
1932 55.3% 6,169 42.7% 4,765 2.0% 225
1928 73.4% 6,660 25.7% 2,332 1.0% 88
1924 70.0% 4,919 25.2% 1,770 4.8% 339
1920 60.9% 4,979 36.3% 2,971 2.9% 233
1916 37.8% 2,211 58.7% 3,434 3.4% 201
1912 20.0% 1,097 50.0% 2,751 30.0% 1,651
1908 50.0% 2,228 43.4% 1,932 6.6% 292

In 2012, Knox County voted 55% in favor of a measure to legalize same-sex marriage.[17]

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of June 2014[18]
Unenrolled 9,889 35.08%
Democratic 8,888 31.53%
Republican 8,265 29.32%
Green Independent 1,142 4.05%
Total 28,184 100%

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Plantation[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated villages[edit]

Public buildings[edit]

An addition to the Knox County Courthouse designed by Scott Simons Architects was completed 2005. It is connected to an annex built in 1977 that is adjacent to the historic, original building that was finished in 1874.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 177. 
  4. ^ "The Birth of the Union Fair: Its History, Its Promise". Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of June 10, 2014" (PDF). Maine Bureau of Corporations. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Knox County Courthouse". Maine Commercial Construction Company | Wright-Ryan Construction. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°02′N 69°02′W / 44.03°N 69.03°W / 44.03; -69.03