Spencer County courthouse in Rockport
Location in the state of Indiana
|• Mayor||Harold Goffinet (R)|
|• Total||1.60 sq mi (4.14 km2)|
|• Land||1.57 sq mi (4.07 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2) 1.88%|
|Elevation||440 ft (134 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,254|
|• Density||1,445.9/sq mi (558.3/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||442223|
|Major State Roads|
Rockport is a city in Ohio Township, Spencer County, Indiana, along the Ohio River. The population was 2,270 at the 2010 census. Once the largest community in Spencer County, the city has recently been surpassed by the town of Santa Claus. The city is the county seat of Spencer County. At 37°53'1" north, Rockport is also the southernmost city in the state, located slightly south of Evansville, Cannelton, or Mount Vernon (the westernmost city).
The Rockport post office has been in operation since 1823.
Rockport is located at .
According to the 2010 census, Rockport has a total area of 1.604 square miles (4.15 km2), of which 1.57 square miles (4.07 km2) (or 97.88%) is land and 0.034 square miles (0.09 km2) (or 2.12%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,270 people, 908 households, and 564 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,445.9 inhabitants per square mile (558.3/km2). There were 1,026 housing units at an average density of 653.5 per square mile (252.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 1.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population. There were 908 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.9% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.05.
The median age in the city was 39.1 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,160 people, 891 households, and 571 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,843.6 people per square mile (712.8/km²). There were 1,057 housing units at an average density of 902.2 per square mile (348.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.83% White, 2.59% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.
There were 891 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,275, and the median income for a family was $37,554. Males had a median income of $30,278 versus $20,263 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,298. About 10.2% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.
- Parrish Casebier, collegiate & professional basketball player; was raised and attended school in Rockport.
- Florence Henderson, actress, was raised and attended school in Rockport.
- Thomas G. Pitcher, Union general in the Civil War and was an 1845 graduate of the United States Military Academy later serving as Superintendent from 1866-1871. Born in Rockport, Indiana, later lived in Mount Vernon and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
- James C. Veatch, Indiana state legislator and Union general during the Civil War; lived in Rockport at the time of his death.
Lincoln Pioneer Village
Lincoln Pioneer Village, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is located in Rockport City Park. Designed by Indiana sculptor George Honig, the first phase of the Village was completed in 1935, with an addition completed the following year. The project was undertaken through grants from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Works Progress Administration, both programs of the "New Deal".
Historically accurate replicas of a number of Spencer County cabins and businesses from Abraham Lincoln's time are the main attraction of the Village, giving visitors the opportunity to see what it was like to live in Indiana during Lincoln's formative years. The Village was so well known throughout the United States in its early years that it was chosen as the setting for portions of the 1955 Burt Lancaster film The Kentuckian.
In recent years, the Village was restored by a group of committed volunteers with the help of a grant-in-aid from the state of Indiana, following up on a somewhat less historically accurate but necessary restoration in the 1980s. The most recent restoration returned the site to its original 1930s design, and included the reconstruction of the entrance cabin, the original having been demolished due to extreme deterioration when the first restoration was undertaken.
Highway connections to other cities
Rockport is approximately 30 miles east of Evansville, Indiana, and is connected to that larger city by Indiana State Highway 66. Tell City lies approximately 20 miles east of Rockport, also along Indiana 66.
The Indiana Department of Transportation is planning a new route for Indiana 66, but it is not yet known how this would affect Rockport. The new highway would be a four-lane, partial limited-access facility connected at its west end to the existing four-lane portion of Indiana 66 near the town of Hatfield, and would also provide access to the new, partial limited-access U.S. 231 now being constructed from Rockport to Interstate 64.
The new U.S. 231 is already complete from Rockport across the Ohio River via the William H. Natcher Bridge to Owensboro, Kentucky. When the entire route is complete, including the new extension of the US 60 by-pass around Owensboro (with which U.S. 231 is concurrent), Rockport will have non-stop access to Nashville, Tennessee and points south via the William H. Natcher Parkway and Interstate 65. This is being touted by local economic development officials as a major boon for the area's industrial and commercial future.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Rockport, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- History of Warrick, Spencer, and Perry Counties, Indiana: From the Earliest Time to the Present. Goodspeed. 1885. p. 328.
- Bulletin - United States Geological Survey. The Survey. 1905. p. 265.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Spencer County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.