Rockport, Texas

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Rockport, Texas
Rockport, Texas.jpg
Flag of Rockport, Texas
Nickname(s): 
The Texas Riviera
Location of Rockport, Texas
Location of Rockport, Texas
Aransas Rockport.svg
Coordinates: 28°2′55″N 97°2′28″W / 28.04861°N 97.04111°W / 28.04861; -97.04111Coordinates: 28°2′55″N 97°2′28″W / 28.04861°N 97.04111°W / 28.04861; -97.04111
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyAransas
IncorporatedAugust 18, 1870[1]
Government
 • MayorPatrick Rios
Area
 • Total21.09 sq mi (54.63 km2)
 • Land16.55 sq mi (42.85 km2)
 • Water4.55 sq mi (11.78 km2)
Elevation
7 ft (2 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total8,766
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
10,604
 • Density640.88/sq mi (247.45/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
78381-78382
Area code(s)361
FIPS code48-62804[4]
GNIS feature ID1345420[5]
Websitewww.cityofrockport.com
Rockport Texas USA

Rockport is a city in Aransas County, Texas, United States. The population was 8,766 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the county seat.[7]

Rockport is adjacent to the town of Fulton, and many refer to the combined communities as "Rockport-Fulton"; however, Rockport and Fulton are legally separate municipalities.

History[edit]

Rockport's Founding[edit]

Following the Civil War, a number of people considered developing the Live Oak Peninsula. Joseph F. Smith, who had founded the nearby town of St. Mary's in 1850, joined with Thomas H. Mathis and his cousin J.M. Mathis, who were agents of the Morgan Steamship line, and built a wharf at the site of what would later become the town of Rockport, in 1867. The same year, George W. Fulton and his wife, Texas heiress, and Joseph Smith's cousin, Harriet Smith Fulton moved to her extensive land holdings on the peninsula. Fulton also took an interest in the development of Rockport, as well as creating the town of Fulton farther up the coastline. In response, a nascent cattle-slaughtering and packing operation at the wharf expanded rapidly, allowing Rockport to be officially incorporated as a town in 1870; its name arising from the rock ledge that runs along the shore. Thomas Mathis became Rockport's first mayor after being appointed by the governor.[8] A year later in 1871, the town achieved "city" status after continued growth.[9]

Early Years' Boom & Bust[edit]

In 1871, the Mathis cousins teamed up with local ranching families of George W. Fulton and Thomas M. Coleman to raise and slaughter cattle for shipment out of the city's wharf on their steamship line. The partnership proved highly successful and continued to draw people and businesses to the city. The national Panic of 1873 took its share of the town's prosperity and caused a slump for the next few years. The meatpacking market was slow to recover, and the Mathis cousins abandoned the ranching partnership in 1879. Fulton and Coleman then re-formed their ranching partnership, an organization that continued into the 1930s. For many years Fulton and others petitioned for the railroad to extend their lines to Rockport to provide a second source of transportation and break the Morgan Line's monopoly on the Coastal Bend ports. After offering free rights of way across the Coleman-Fulton ranch, and hundreds of acres in town lots, finally, in 1888 the railroad arrived. The Morgan Steamship company now had competition, and as the local cattle ranchers began shipping live cattle by train, The Morgan Line withdrew from serving the Coastal Bend. Another brief growth spurt began and soon ended, here and across Texas, due to some bad winters and the development of the cattle industry in the mid-west. The railroad, however, brought tourists, and the city's economy grew with several large hotels catering to that industry. Rockport's economy soon came to be dominated by shipbuilding and tourism toward the end of the 19th century. At the same time, the railroad offered speedy transportation for crops, and a land boom caused by farming followed until brought to a halt with the national Panic of 1893.[9]

20th Century[edit]

Rockport's economy continued struggling into the early 20th century and took another hit in 1919 when a major hurricane decimated the region. A slow recovery ensued stalling additional development. The city's fortunes however began to improve in 1925 following the establishment of a lucrative shrimping industry which grew further during the 1930s and benefited from the construction of a harbor in 1935. Shrimping activity decreased during World War II but recovered thereafter, boosting the town along with an important boat-building industry that developed in this period as well. By the century's end, shrimping continued to be an important part of the Rockport economy alongside fishing and tourism.[9]

21st Century[edit]

Hurricane Harvey[edit]

On August 25, 2017 Hurricane Harvey (name now retired)[10] made landfall near the city as a Category 4 storm on the Saffir–Simpson scale.[11] Harvey caused one death and catastrophic damage.[12] One person died in a house fire in the city, unable to be rescued due to the extreme weather conditions,[13] entire blocks were destroyed by the hurricane's violent eyewall winds, the city's courthouse was severely damaged when a cargo trailer was hurled into it, coming to a stop halfway through the structure, the gymnasium of the Rockport-Fulton High School lost multiple walls while the school itself suffered considerable damage,[14] many homes, apartment buildings, and businesses sustained major structural damage from the intense winds, and several were completely destroyed. Numerous boats were damaged or sunk at a marina in town, airplanes and structures were destroyed at the Aransas County Airport, and the Fairfield Inn was severely damaged as well,[15] About 20 percent of Rockport's population was displaced, as they were still unable to return to their homes a year after the hurricane.[16]

Geography[edit]

Rockport is located at 28°2′55″N 97°2′28″W / 28.04861°N 97.04111°W / 28.04861; -97.04111 (28.048645, –97.041185), on the Live Oak Peninsula, which divides the western shore of Aransas Bay, an arm of the Gulf of Mexico, and the eastern shore of Copano Bay. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.5 square miles (47.9 km2), of which 13.9 square miles (36.1 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (11.8 km2), or 28.84%, is water.[17]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild-to-cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rockport has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[18]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,069
19001,1537.9%
19101,38219.9%
19201,54511.8%
19301,140−26.2%
19401,72951.7%
19502,26631.1%
19602,98931.9%
19703,87929.8%
19803,686−5.0%
19904,75328.9%
20007,38555.4%
20108,76618.7%
2019 (est.)10,604[3]21.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

2020 Census data[edit]

Rockport racial composition[20]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 7,070 70.21%
Black or African American (NH) 121 1.2%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 36 0.36%
Asian (NH) 268 2.66%
Pacific Islander (NH) 7 0.07%
Some Other Race (NH) 24 0.24%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 360 3.57%
Hispanic or Latino 2,184 21.69%
Total 10,070

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 10,070 people, 4,205 households, and 2,886 families residing in the city.

2018 Census data[edit]

As of 2018 (estimated) there are 10,759 people, an undisclosed number of households and 3,651 families residing in the city.[23]

Arts and culture[edit]

Area attractions[edit]

Rockport is a popular tourist destination for its access to various forms of marine recreation and attractions such as boating, fishing (bay, offshore, wade, beach, and pier), duck hunting, waterskiing, swimming, birdwatching, and seafood. The city's largest public beach, Rockport Beach Park,[24] offers an array of community facilities including a playground and two beach pavilions.

The city hosts several fairs and expositions each year including the Oyster Fest, Seafair, and a Wine Festival. The Rockport Art Festival, held annually since 1970, is a major event with art exhibitions, auctions, and vendors congregating in the city around the Fourth of July holiday. The Rockport Film Festival is another yearly festival that has screened and judged entries since its founding in 2007. Another event taking place in Rockport is the Rockport-Fulton Market Days which occurs on the third Saturday-Sunday of every month. Vendors travel from around the state of Texas to showcase their handmade art, crafts, and more. Featuring live music, 10 or more food trucks, and over 160 vendors each month, this event attracts tourists from around the country. The newest festival taking place in Rockport is the annual Pirate Fest which is in its third year.[25][26][27]

Rockport is also home to an aquarium and multiple historic sites such as the Fulton Mansion and the city's heritage district. The community also hosts the Texas Maritime Museum,[28] as well as numerous art galleries, restaurants, and shops. Area visitor accommodations are provided by a wide range of lodgings, from small bed and breakfasts to major hotels and RV facilities.

Parks and Recreation[edit]

The Big Tree

The Big Tree[edit]

Large windswept live oaks are a dominating feature of the area, and the state's oldest live oak, the "Big Tree", resides on nearby Lamar Peninsula.

Rockport Beach Park[24][edit]

Rockport Beach Park is a large public beach fronting Aransas Bay. It features two pavilions, a saltwater pool, boat-launching ramps, and various other amenities.

Boating and Marinas[edit]

There are a number of marinas, boat-launching ramps, marine service businesses, and ship chandlers in the area (catering to both recreational and commercial vessels of either the sail or power variety). Several marinas are operated by the Aransas County Navigation District.[29] The Key Allegro Marina, with its home-lined canals and party atmosphere, is a popular destination among visitors. There is also a large ski basin called Little Bay that provides an area for water skiing, boating, and jet skiing.

The Big Blue Crab[edit]

The Big Blue Crab is a local park and attraction located on the banks of Little Bay next to the historic Sea View Motel. It features an elevated blue crab sculpture that is the world's largest. Originally constructed in the 1950s, the crab fell apart in the 1970s, but the city rebuilt the attraction in 2012 to even larger proportions. The crab suffered major damage five years later in Hurricane Harvey. As the community got well on its way to restoring and cleaning up the damage left from the storm a group was formed and begin plans to have a new Crab Built and set in the place of the old one. The new Crab would need to be built to be able to withstand not only the ravages of time but also to sustain any future storms that may impact the area. Proposals for artists were sent out and a renowned artist named Joe Barrington was selected for the project. The crab arrived in Aransas County on Tuesday, July 27 and installation began July 28th, 2021.[30]

Birdwatching[edit]

The area around and in Rockport is noted as a prime birdwatching center, located on a major North American migratory bird route, the Central Flyway.

Whooping cranes[edit]

Whooping cranes winter in the large Aransas National Wildlife Refuge located nearby. Local organizations such as the Aransas Bird and Nature Club have helped preserve unique birdwatching reserves like the Connie Hagar sanctuary and Aransas Woods that are easily accessible. Located along the migration route of several species of hummingbirds, the city hosts an annual "Hummer and Birding Expo" which includes tours of local residences where hundreds of ruby-throated hummingbirds can be viewed at feeders.

Education[edit]

Former Rockport school, 2014

Public schools[edit]

All of Rockport is served by the Aransas County Independent School District, and the city is home to the Rockport-Fulton High School Pirates. Sacred Heart School, a private school, also serves the community.[31]

Library[edit]

The Aransas County Public Library is located at 701 E. Mimosa Street in Rockport.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cityofrockport.com/DocumentCenter/View/9208[dead link]
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "QuickFacts: Rockport city, Texas; Aransas County, Texas; United States". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Rockport city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  8. ^ "Mathis, Thomas Henry". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Rockport, Tx". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  10. ^ Feltgen, Dennis (April 12, 2018). "Harvey, Irma, Maria and Nate retired by the World Meteorological Organization". NOAA. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  11. ^ Beven, John L. (August 25, 2017). "Bulletin Hurricane Harvey Advisory Number 23". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  12. ^ Chavez, Nicole; Levenson, Eric; Almasy, Steve (August 25, 2017). "Powerful Hurricane Harvey makes landfall in Texas". CNN. Archived from the original on September 10, 2019. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  13. ^ McCausland, Phil; Arkin, Daniel (August 27, 2017). "Hurricane Harvey: At Least 2 Dead After Storm Hits Texas Coast". NBC News. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  14. ^ Lavner, Ryan (March 27, 2018). "Harvey's Ground Zero: Search Continues for Missing Along Texas Coast". NBC Golf Channel. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  15. ^ Breslin, Sean (August 26, 2017). "Hurricane Harvey Damages Buildings in Rockport; At Least 10 Injured". The Weather Channel. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  16. ^ Walters, Edgar (August 24, 2018). "No place back home: A year after Harvey, Rockport can't house all its displaced residents". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on April 30, 2019. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  18. ^ "Rockport, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  20. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  21. ^ www.census.gov
  22. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  23. ^ "QuickFacts: Rockport city, Texas; Aransas County, Texas; United States". United States Census Bureau. 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  24. ^ a b "Rockport Texas Beach". www.rockportbeach-texas.com. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  25. ^ http://fultonoysterfest.org/
  26. ^ http://rockportfilmfestival.com
  27. ^ "Calendar | ROCKPORT CENTER for the ARTS". www.rockportartcenter.com. Archived from the original on September 4, 2017.
  28. ^ "Texas Maritime Museum". Texas Maritime Museum. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  29. ^ "Aransas County Navigation District". www.acnd.org. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  30. ^ "The Big Blue Crab of Rockport, Texas". RockportFulton.com. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  31. ^ "Sacred Heart School". Sacred Heart School. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
  32. ^ "Guy Clark remembers his wife Susanna and their best friend, Townes van Zandt".
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[21][22]

External links[edit]