Rocks in My Bed
Harvey G. Cohen in his 2010 book Duke Ellington's America writes that "Rocks in My Bed" "presents a more honest and adult impression of sexual loneliness than most Swing Era lyrics". The lyrics arose from a conversation between two women that Ellington overheard.
The academic Walter van de Leur theorized in his analysis of several Ellington pieces of the early 1940s that "Rocks in My Bed" may have been partially written by Billy Strayhorn yet solely copyrighted to Ellington without additional attribution. Van de Leur analysed Strayhorn's reharmonisation of the piece for Ivie Anderson's 1941 vocal recording and felt that it marks the moment that Strayhorn "changed from arranger to co-composer".
It was introduced by Big Joe Turner in the 1941 musical revue Jump for Joy. Turner said in an interview that he assisted Ellington with the arrangement and composition of "Rocks in My Bed" whilst in preparation for Jump for Joy at the Dunbar Hotel.
- Ella Fitzgerald - Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington Songbook (1958)
- Sarah Vaughan - The Duke Ellington Songbook, Vol. 2 (1979)
- Georgia Carr - Rocks In My Bed (1964)
- Betty Roché - Lightly and Politely (recorded in 1960, released in 1961)
- Cohen 2010, p. 180.
- Cohen 2010, p. 309.
- Walter van de Leur (31 January 2002). Something to Live For: The Music of Billy Strayhorn. Oxford University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-19-802885-7.
- Michael Denning (1998). The Cultural Front: The Laboring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century. Verso. p. 316. ISBN 978-1-85984-170-9.
- Franceschina 2017, p. 32.
- Franceschina 2017, p. 36.
- Franceschina 2017, p. 200.
- Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (7 February 1998). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 75.
- The Crisis Publishing Company, Inc. (June–July 1990). The Crisis. The Crisis Publishing Company, Inc. p. 12.
- Cohen, Harvey G. (15 May 2010). Duke Ellington's America. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-11264-0.
- Franceschina, John (6 July 2017). Duke Ellington's Music for the Theatre. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-5026-8.