Rocky road (dessert)

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Rocky road
Rocky Road dessert.jpg
Traditional, Australian-style rocky road
Course Biscuit
Place of origin Australia
Main ingredients Milk chocolate, marshmallow
Cookbook: Rocky road  Media: Rocky road

Rocky road is a type of biscuit made up of milk chocolate and marshmallow which is usually served in individual portions such as a cupcake or brownie, or in American cuisine, as an ice cream flavor.[1][2]

The origin of the dessert is debated, but the earliest mention of it dates back to 1853 in Australia, where rocky road was supposedly created as a way to sell confectionery that had spoiled during the long trip from Europe, which were mixed with locally-grown nuts and cheap chocolate to disguise the flavour.[3] According to this origin story, the name comes from the rocky road that travelers had to take to reach the goldfields[disambiguation needed]. Additionally, many American companies claim to have invented rocky road in the 19th century.


The main ingredients in traditional Australian rocky road are:

  • glace cherries
  • milk chocolate (sometimes dark or white chocolate is used)
  • desiccated coconut
  • nuts, particularly peanuts
  • marshmallow


The main ingredients in traditional Bahrain rocky road are[4]:

  • milk chocolate
  • Nutella
  • pistachio

United Kingdom[edit]

The main ingredients in traditional British Rocky Road are:[5]

  • dried fruit
  • biscuit
  • milk chocolate (sometimes dark or white chocolate is used)
  • a light dusting of icing sugar on the top

United States[edit]

American rocky road brownies

The main ingredients in traditional American Rocky Road are:

The most popular version of Rocky Road in the U.S. is in ice cream form, which consists of chocolate ice cream, marshmallows (or sometimes a "marshmallow swirl"), and nuts. Although not as popular, slabs of Rocky Road can also be found at confectioner's shops. The Annabelle Candy Company manufactures a candy bar called Rocky Road that has marshmallow, a thin covering of chocolate, and cashews. Betty Crocker has its own recipe for Rocky road.[6]


  1. ^ "Rocky Road Dessert Pizza". Pillsbury Company. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  2. ^ "Edge of gory! Bakers craft creepy cakes". CNN. 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  3. ^ "5 Things you didn't know about rocky road! Cakesmiths". 2014-02-15. Retrieved 2017-08-16. 
  4. ^ "Rocky road - Rocky_Bites". Rocky Bites. Retrieved 2018-02-20. 
  5. ^ "Rocky road crunch bars". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  6. ^ "Rocky Road Brownies". Betty Crocker. 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-25.