Rodło

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Rodło logotype

The Rodło is a Polish emblem used since 1932 by the Union of Poles in Germany. It is a stylized representation of the Vistula River and Kraków as the wellsprings of Polish culture.

History[edit]

Graphic meaning of Rodło sign

After Adolf Hitler had seized power in Germany, Nazi emblems were soon nationalized. The swastika became national emblem of the Third Reich and Poles from the Union of Poles in Germany could not use their national symbols anymore, because they were prohibited. Dr. Jan Kaczmarek approached the supreme council with the following proposal:

"Our acceptance of the swastika and the German greeting could only signify agreement to total germanisation. Therefore we must find a way, without risking the accusation of anti-state activity; of not accepting Heil Hitler and the swastica (...) we should at last have our own national symbol, which would, enable us publicity to set ourselves free from the Nazi swastika."[1]

The Rodło was invented as a new symbol that Poles in Germany could rally around. The name "rodło" is a portmanteau of "ród" ("folk") and "godło" ("emblem").

The Rodło graphics was conceived in 1930's by graphic designer Janina Kłopocka,[2] who sketched the "emblem of the Vistula River, cradle of the Polish people, and royal Kraków, cradle of Polish culture". The white emblem was placed on a red background – the Polish national colors. It was adopted in August 1932 by the leadership of the Union of Poles in Germany.

Other uses[edit]

Rodło with lime leaf – badge of Polish Scouts in Germany

The Rodło has since been adopted by other organizations of Poles in Germany, notably the Scouts, who have used it alongside the fleur de lys. After the World War II it was also used by organizations working in Poland, on the territories gained from Germany as the result of war.

In 1985 the People's Republic of Poland introduced a Rodło Medal. In 1992, after the fall of communism, it was discontinued.

Bibliography[edit]

  • (Polish) (English) (French) Helena Lehr, Edmund Osmańczyk. Polacy spod znaku Rodła. MON, Warszawa 1972
  • Edmund Osmańczyk. Niezłomny proboszcz z Zakrzewa, rzecz o Księdzu Patronie Bolesławie Domańskim. Warszawa 1989, ISBN 83-07-01992-3
  • Edmund Osmańczyk. Wisła i Kraków to Rodło. Nasza Księgarnia, Warszawa 1985, ISBN 83-10-08675-X
  • W Wrzesiński. Polski ruch narodowy w Niemczech w latach 1922-1939. Ossolineum 1993
  • Bogusław Czajkowski. Rodło. KAW, Warszawa 1975

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helena Lehr, Edmund Osmańczyk: Polacy spod znaku Rodła. MON, Warsaw 1972
  2. ^ Bogusław Czajkowski. Rodło. KAW, Warsaw 1975