Rod Dreher

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Rod Dreher
Rod Dreher.jpg
Dreher in March 2018
Born
Raymond Oliver Dreher Jr.

(1967-02-14) February 14, 1967 (age 54)
Alma materLouisiana State University
OccupationColumnist and writer
Notable work
The Benedict Option (2017)
Political partyAmerican Solidarity Party
Spouse(s)
Julie Harris Dreher
(m. 1997)

Raymond Oliver Dreher Jr.[a] (born February 14, 1967), known as Rod Dreher,[1] is an American writer and editor. He is a senior editor and blogger at The American Conservative and author of several books, including How Dante Can Save Your Life, The Benedict Option, and Live Not by Lies. He has written about religion, politics, film, and culture in National Review and National Review Online, The Weekly Standard, The Wall Street Journal, Touchstone, Men's Health, the Los Angeles Times, and other publications.

He was a film reviewer for the South Florida Sun-Sentinel and chief film critic for the New York Post. His commentaries have been broadcast on National Public Radio's All Things Considered, and he has appeared on CNN, Fox News, MSNBC, Court TV, and other television networks.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Dreher was born on February 14, 1967, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.[3] He was named after his father, Ray Oliver Dreher.[4] He was raised in the small town of St. Francisville.[5] He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in journalism from Louisiana State University in 1989.[6]

Career[edit]

Dreher began his career as a television critic for The Washington Times, and later worked as chief film critic for the New York Post and editor for the National Review.[5] In 2002, Dreher wrote an essay that explored a subcategory of American conservatism he defined as "granola conservatism", whose adherents he described as "crunchy cons".[7] He defined these people as traditionalist conservatives who believed in environmental conservation, frugal living, and the preservation of traditional family values, while also expressing skepticism towards aspects of free-market capitalism. He portrayed "crunchy cons" as being generally religious (typically traditionalist Roman Catholics, conservative Protestants, or Eastern Orthodox). Four years later, Dreher published a book expanding on the themes of this manifesto, Crunchy Cons: How Birkenstocked Burkeans, Gun-Loving Organic Gardeners, Evangelical Free-Range Farmers, Hip Homeschooling Mamas, Right-Wing Nature Lovers, and Their Diverse Tribe of Countercultural Conservatives Plan to Save America (or At Least the Republican Party).[8]

From 2006, Dreher maintained a Beliefnet blog entitled "Crunchy Con"; the blog was renamed "Rod Dreher" in 2010, with a shift in focus from political to cultural topics.[9][10] During this time, Dreher worked as an editorial writer and columnist for The Dallas Morning News, which he left in late 2009 to become the publications director for the John Templeton Foundation.[11] On August 20, 2011, Dreher announced on Twitter that he was leaving the Templeton Foundation in order to return to full-time writing.[12] In 2013, Dreher published a book titled The Little Way of Ruthie Leming, about his childhood in Louisiana and his sister's battle with cancer.[13] In 2015, Dreher published How Dante Can Save Your Life, a memoir about how reading Dante's Divine Comedy helped him after his sister's death.[14] Dreher has maintained a blog at the American Conservative, where he is now senior editor, since 2008;[15] in 2017, the blog received on average more than a million page views per month.[16]

The Benedict Option[edit]

Dreher has written extensively about what he calls the "Benedict Option", the idea that Christians who want to preserve their faith should segregate themselves to some degree from "post-Obergefell" society, which he sees as drifting ever further away from traditional Christian values (particularly those regarding sex, marriage, and gender).[17][18] Dreher suggests that Christians should endeavor to form intentional communities, such as Trinity Presbyterian Church in Charlottesville, the Bruderhof,[19][20] or the School for Conversion.[21][22][23] The phrase "Benedict Option" was inspired by Alasdair MacIntyre's 1981 book After Virtue, and refers to the sixth-century monk Benedict of Nursia. The publication of Dreher's book The Benedict Option in 2017 was widely noted in both the secular and religious press, and earned Dreher profiles in The Washington Post and The New Yorker.[16][5] The Benedict Option has been described as "the most discussed and most important religious book of the decade."[5]

The Benedict Option was widely reviewed, and received responses ranging from the laudatory to the highly critical. David Brooks of The New York Times described it as "the most discussed and most important religious book of the decade",[5] while also expressing concern that "by retreating to neat homogeneous monocultures, most separatists will end up... fostering narrowness, prejudice and moral arrogance".[24] Rowan Williams, the former Archbishop of Canterbury, wrote that the prominence the book gives to "same-sex relations", as opposed to "poverty, racism and war", "reinforces the common perception that the only ethical issues that interest traditional Christians are those involving sexual matters." Nonetheless, Williams suggested that "The book is worth reading because it poses some helpfully tough questions to a socially liberal majority, as well as to believers of a more traditional colour."[25] Russell Moore, the president of the Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention, described Dreher's book as "brilliant, prophetic, and wise",[26] while Alan Levinovitz, a religious scholar at James Madison University, described it as "spiritual pornography", the soul of which "is not love of God; it is bitter loathing of those who do not share it."[27] Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito cited “The Benedict Option” in a court ruling in favor of the freedom of hiring by two religious’ schools on 07/03/2020. [28]

The "Benedict Option", as a strategy for mission and renewal, has inspired wide-ranging debate in the Christian community, particularly that of the United States. Various conferences and symposia have been held to discuss the idea,[29][30][31][32] and it has provoked exchanges between multiple Christian theologians and commentators. The Reformed philosophical theologian James K. A. Smith, for instance, has written a number of critical responses to the idea,[33][34][35][36] including one in which he argues that the world Dreher laments the loss of "tends to be white. And what seems to be lost is a certain default power and privilege."[34][37] Dreher has responded at length to these charges on his blog, suggesting that Smith engages in "motivated reasoning".[38][39][40][41] The Catholic writer Elizabeth Bruenig has argued that Dreher's strategy of "withdrawing from conventional politics is difficult to parse with Christ's command that we love our neighbors",[42] while the Christian literary scholar Alan Jacobs has responded to these and other criticisms of the "Benedict Option" in a range of publications.[43][44][45] The writer Leah Libresco has published a guide to the practical aspects of building "BenOp communities".[46]

Views on sexuality and gender[edit]

Dreher holds to what he describes as biblical Christian teaching on sexuality and gender, including on the sinfulness of same-sex sexual relations and the naturalness of male–female difference.[47][5] While some writers have praised Dreher's insights into the fundamental nature of the social changes caused by the sexual revolution,[48][49] others have argued that Dreher has not sufficiently grappled with the problem of how conservative Christians should live alongside those whose lifestyles they disapprove of,[47][50][51] and have criticized the language Dreher has used to describe gay people.[52][53] Dreher has published numerous articles expressing alarm at the growing visibility of transgender people in American society, which he sees as part of a "technology-driven revolution in our view of personhood".[5][54][55] He has been described in The Guardian as "a man who appears to view fomenting transgender panic more as a vocation than a job".[54] In September 2018, during Brett Kavanaugh's U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearing, Dreher tweeted "I do not understand why the loutish drunken behavior of a 17 year old high school boy has anything to tell us about the character of a 53 year old judge."[56][57][58][59]

Views on race and immigration[edit]

In a 2014 blog post entitled "Tips for Not Getting Shot by Cops",[60] Dreher wrote that Michael Brown was shot by police in part because Brown was a "lawbreaker" who "hung out with lawbreakers", although "None of this means that Wilson was justified in using deadly force against Brown" and "it doesn't mean that there aren't big problems with policing in Ferguson."[61][62][63]

Dreher is a critic of large-scale immigration to the United States and Europe; he has defended the concept of Western civilization and condemned identity politics associated with race.[15][64][65][55] In 2001, Dreher published an article mocking the funeral celebrations of the African-American singer Aaliyah, and subsequently reported having received threatening phone calls from people with "black accents". (Dreher later expressed regret for his comments on the funeral.)[65][15][66] In June 2018, Dreher compared African immigration to Europe to a "barbarian invasion".[67] Subsequent to the Christchurch mosque shootings of March 2019, Dreher strongly condemned the shooter's actions and aspects of his ideology, but also commented that the shooter had "legitimate, realistic concerns" about "declining numbers of ethnic Europeans" in Western countries; as a result of these comments, multiple scholars criticized the University of Wollongong's Ramsay Center for Western Civilization for inviting Dreher as a speaker.[68][69][70][71][72] Dreher has said that his concerns about immigration stem from sympathy for the less well-off, whom he argues are most negatively affected it, and by a desire to preserve Western cultural traditions.[73]

In January 2018, Dreher attracted criticism for his qualified defense of Donald Trump's comments regarding "shithole countries" (he defended the content of the comments while criticizing their vulgarity), and in particular, for his suggestion that readers would object to section 8 housing being built in their neighborhoods because "you don't want the destructive culture of the poor imported into your neighborhood."[15][74][75] In response to those remarks, Sarah Jones of the progressive commentary magazine The New Republic described Dreher as having a "race problem".[15] Her article also referred to Dreher's comments on Jean Raspail's 1973 novel Camp of the Saints. Dreher has strongly criticized the novel's use of derogatory language to describe non-Westerners and called the book bad, both aesthetically and morally. However, Dreher has also referred to the "valuable" and "prophetic" lessons that can be drawn from the work, including from Raspail's argument, which Dreher presents as potentially correct, that "the only way to defend Western civilization from these invaders [non-Western immigrants] is to be willing to shed their blood". He has also drawn parallels between the migrant crisis described in the book and contemporary immigration to Europe and the United States. Dreher replied to Sarah Jones by calling her a "Social Justice Warrior" and "propagandist".[15][76][77][78][79] Dreher's comments on section 8 housing were defended by the columnist Damon Linker, who wrote: "Every time a wealthy liberal enclave takes a NIMBY position on affordable housing, it shows he [Dreher] has a point about the need for greater honesty on these issues".[80]

Views on international affairs[edit]

Dreher has been a consistent critic of the role of Islam in international affairs, but has shifted in his view of the efficacy of foreign military interventions. Subsequent to the September 11 attacks, Dreher published numerous articles that were critical of Islam,[81][82][83][84][85][86][87] including one in which he praised the Italian anti-Islamic[88] writer Oriana Fallaci's book, The Rage and the Pride, as containing "much truth" to "shock awake a noble civilization hypnotized by multiculturalist mumbo-jumbo"; he also noted that the book contained a "few ugly parts".[83][81][89] Fallaci's book has been described as exhibiting "extremely blatant racism" by the Canadian scholar Sherene Razack.[83][90][91] In 2002, Dreher described the assassinated Dutch anti-Islamic[92] politician Pim Fortuyn as a "martyr in the war on political correctness."[84][93] Dreher supported the Iraq War in 2003, but later came to believe that the invasion was a mistake;[94][95] he now supports a non-interventionist foreign policy.[96] He was critical of US President Donald Trump's decision to order missile strikes in Syria in April 2017.[96][97]

Dreher has expressed support for various conservative and neo-nationalist governments and parties in Europe. He has written supportively of the government of Viktor Orban in Hungary.[98][99][100] In 2021, Dreher was given a paid fellowship by an institute funded by Orban's government.[98] He has praised the French Front National politician Marion Maréchal-Le Pen.[101][102] He has written that although Francisco Franco and his regime were not "without sin", he is "glad that Franco won" the Spanish Civil War, due to the Red Terror carried out by the Second Spanish Republic.[103] In 2020, Dreher was criticized for attending a conference of nationalist politicians and thinkers in Rome that included Orban, Marechal-Le-Pen, and Giorgia Meloni.[104][105][106][107]

Postliberalism[edit]

Dreher has been associated with a recent political movement that has been alternatively labelled "postliberalism", "anti-liberalism", "national conservatism", or "the new nationalism".[108][109][110][111][112][113] The movement has been defined in connection with a manifesto titled "Against the Dead Consensus", published in First Things in March 2019, which Dreher was a signatory to, and which argues that the "pre-Trump conservative consensus failed to retard, much less reverse, the eclipse of permanent truths, family stability, [and] communal solidarity", and "too often bowed to a poisonous and censorious multiculturalism"; the manifesto argues for a conservatism of national, communal, and familial solidarity.[114][115] Critics of the movement have compared its proponents to the intellectual defenders of fascism in the 1930s,[113][111] while those sympathetic to the movement have argued that "there is nothing shameful about love of one's own, the impulse that links individual self-regard and love of family to affection for one's own neighborhood, town or city, state, and political community as a whole (the nation)."[116][117]

Political endorsements[edit]

On November 1, 2020, Dreher recommended that "unsafe state readers" of his blog vote for Donald Trump, while noting that he planned to vote for the American Solidarity Party because his state is already "safely in Trump's hands".[118] In October 2020, Dreher published a tweet describing the American Solidarity Party as "a party I actually believe in."[119] He also later appeared on MSNBC's Morning Joe and said that he is a supporter of the American Solidarity Party,[120] and on the same day, published an article endorsing Brian Carroll of the American Solidarity Party.[121]

In 2008, 2012 and 2016, Dreher declined to endorse a candidate for President.[122][123]

Controversies[edit]

In the early 2010s, Dreher involved himself in a controversy surrounding Metropolitan Jonah, then serving as the primate of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA), who had encountered resistance in his attempts to involve the OCA more heavily in political issues, such as abortion and gay marriage.[124][125][126][127][128] Dreher started an anonymous website called OCA Truth, which published alleged private information about an opponent in the controversy.[129] Dreher's connection with the website was exposed when emails connected to the website were leaked.[124][128][130][131] Dreher later described his involvement in the affair as "foolish".[132]

In May 2017, Dreher published, without context, remarks of Professor Tommy Curry of Texas A&M University, quoting a single sentence from the remarks misleadingly to suggest that Curry had incited violence against white people.[133][65][134][135][136][137][138] Curry was subsequently subjected to a wave of racist abuse and intimidation.[133][65][135] Dreher said that he did not seek comment from Curry prior to publishing his blog post, and Curry received the support of his faculty colleagues and university president.[133][65][135][139]

In January 2020, Dreher was named in a lawsuit brought by the parents of Kayla Kenney, a 15-year-old girl whose private Instagram images he posted to his blog allegedly without parental permission, and against whom he made allegations of sexual harassment, based on anonymous sources, that are denied by the girl and her family. The lawsuit accuses Dreher of defamation, intentional infliction of emotional distress, and invasion of privacy.[140][141][142][143]

Personal life[edit]

Dreher has been married, since 1997,[citation needed] to Julie Harris Dreher, and is the father of three children.[16] He lives in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana.[16] Raised a Methodist, he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1993,[5][144] and subsequently wrote widely in the Catholic press.[citation needed] Covering the Catholic Church's sex abuse scandal, starting in 2001, led him to question his Catholicism, and on October 12, 2006, he announced his conversion to Eastern Orthodoxy.[5][145] At the time, Dreher had argued that the scandal was not so much a "pedophile problem", but that the "sexual abuse of minors is facilitated by a secret, powerful network of gay priests", known as the "Lavender Mafia".[146][147]

Bibliography[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Dreher, Rod (2006). Crunchy Cons: How Birkenstocked Burkeans, Gun-Loving Organic Gardeners, Evangelical Free-Range Farmers, Hip Homeschooling Mamas, Right-Wing Nature Lovers, and Their Diverse Tribe of Countercultural Conservatives Plan to Save America (Or at Least the Republican Party). New York: Crown Forum. ISBN 9781400050642.
  • — (2013). The Little Way of Ruthie Leming: A Southern Girl, a Small Town, and the Secret of a Good Life. New York: Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 9781455521913.
  • — (2015). How Dante Can Save Your Life: The Life-Changing Wisdom of History's Greatest Poem. New York: Regan Arts. ISBN 9781941393321.
  • — (2017). The Benedict Option: A Strategy for Christians in a Post-Christian Nation. New York: Sentinel. ISBN 9780735213319.
  • — (2020). Live Not by Lies: A Manual for Christian Dissidents. New York: Sentinel. ISBN 9780593087398.

Essays[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pronounced /ˈdrər/.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davis, Karolyn (October 22, 2018). "A Conversation with Rod Dreher". gracetyler.org. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "Rod Dreher, Author at The American Conservative". The American Conservative. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  3. ^ "Rod Dreher — The Faith Life of the Party: Part II, The Right". The On Being Project. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  4. ^ Dreher, Rod. "Fathers and Churches". The American Conservative. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Rothman, Joshua (April 24, 2017). "Rod Dreher's Monastic Vision". The New Yorker. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  6. ^ "Best-Selling Author and LSU Graduate Rod Dreher to Speak on March 24". Louisiana State University. March 21, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  7. ^ Dreher, Rod (September 30, 2002). "Crunchy Cons". National Review. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  8. ^ Stuever, Hank (May 3, 2006). "Crunchy Culture: Author Rod Dreher Has Defined A Political Hybrid: The All-Natural, Whole-Grain Conservative". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
  9. ^ "Welcome to the new Rod Dreher blog". Rod Dreher. January 3, 2010.
  10. ^ "The last days of Crunchy Con - Crunchy Con". February 6, 2010. Archived from the original on February 6, 2010. Retrieved December 25, 2019.
  11. ^ Dreher, Rod (January 1, 2010). "The last days of Crunchy Con". Archived from the original on February 6, 2010.
  12. ^ "Rod Dreher". Twitter. August 20, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  13. ^ Dreher, Rod (2013). The Little Way of Ruthie Leming: A Southern Girl, a Small Town, and the Secret of a Good Life: Rod Dreher: 9781455521913: Amazon.com: Books. ISBN 978-1455521913.
  14. ^ Dreher, Rod (April 14, 2015). How Dante Can Save Your Life: The Life-Changing Wisdom of History's Greatest Poem: Rod Dreher: 1941393322: Amazon.com: Books. ISBN 978-1941393321.
  15. ^ a b c d e f Jones, Sarah (January 25, 2018). "Rod Dreher's Race Problem". The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d Heller, Karen (October 29, 2017). "Rod Dreher is the combative, oversharing blogger who speaks for today's beleaguered Christians". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 25, 2019. An influential and prolific blogger for the American Conservative — he averages 1.3 million monthly page views on his blog.
  17. ^ Dreher, Rod (2017). The Benedict Option: A Strategy for Christians in a Post-Christian Nation. New York City: Penguin Random House. ISBN 978-0-7352-1329-6. Post-Obergefell, Christians who hold to the biblical teaching about sex and marriage have the same status in culture, and increasingly in law, as racists.
  18. ^ Dreher, Rod (June 26, 2015). "Orthodox Christians Must Now Learn To Live as Exiles in Our Own Country". Time. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  19. ^ Dreher, Rod (March 20, 2017). "Life Among The Bruderhof". The American Conservative. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  20. ^ Dreher, Rod (May 6, 2018). "Weekend At The Bruderhof". The American Conservative. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  21. ^ Linker, Damon (May 19, 2015). "The Benedict Option: Why the religious right is considering an all-out withdrawal from politics". The Week. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  22. ^ DeVille, Adam A. J. (July 14, 2015). "Would Alasdair MacIntyre Live in a "Benedict Option" Community?". Catholic World Report. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  23. ^ Dreher, Rod (October 6, 2015). "Benedict Option FAQ". The American Conservative. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
  24. ^ Brooks, David. "The Benedict Option". New York Times. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  25. ^ Williams, Rowan (May 30, 2017). "The Benedict Option: A new monasticism for the 21st century". New Statesman. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  26. ^ Kushiner, James M. (August 23, 2019). "Operation Benedict". Touchstone. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  27. ^ Levinovitz, Alan (May 29, 2017). "The Awful Pleasures of Spiritual Pornography". Los Angeles Review of Books. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  28. ^ "Big SCOTUS Win for Religious Liberty".
  29. ^ "Benedict Option Conference". The American Conservative. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  30. ^ "Time for the Benedict Option?". Plough. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  31. ^ "Benedictine Symposium on the "Benedict Option"". The Gregorian Institute. April 3, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  32. ^ "Fight or Flight? The 2019 Touchstone Conference". Touchstone. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  33. ^ Smith, James K. A. (March 16, 2017). "The Benedict Option or the Augustinian Call?". Comment. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  34. ^ a b Smith, James K. A. "Perspective | The new alarmism: How some Christians are stoking fear rather than hope". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  35. ^ Smith, James K.A. "Re-imagining Religion in a Secular Age". Ethics and Public Policy Center’s Faith Angle Forum. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  36. ^ "James K. A. Smith's Theological Journey". America Magazine. October 18, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  37. ^ Tisby, Jemar (March 29, 2017). "The Real Reason the Benedict Option Leaves Out the Black Church". The Witness. Retrieved December 30, 2019. In this article Tisby makes an argument analogous to Smith's.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  38. ^ Dreher, Rod. "'Despair,' 'Alarmism,' & the Benedict Option". The American Conservative. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  39. ^ Dreher, Rod. "The Benedict Arnold Option". The American Conservative. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  40. ^ "A Cheap Shot on Chaput, Esolen, Dreher | Mark Bauerlein". First Things. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  41. ^ Littlejohn, Bradford (March 29, 2017). "Alarm, Alarmism, and Faithful Witness: The Benedict Option and Its Critics". Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  42. ^ Stoker Bruenig, Elizabeth (March 1, 2017). "City of Rod". Democracy Journal. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  43. ^ Jacobs, Alan (March 20, 2017). "The Benedict Option and the Way of Exchange". First Things. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  44. ^ "questions for the critics of the Benedict Option – Snakes and Ladders". Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  45. ^ "on spears, throats, and motivated reasoning – Snakes and Ladders". Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  46. ^ Gordon, Mark (August 10, 2018). "Getting Practical with the Benedict Option". Plough. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  47. ^ a b Green, Emma (February 22, 2017). "These Conservative Christians Are Choosing to Retreat From Public Life". The Atlantic. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  48. ^ Trueman, Carl R. "Eating Locusts Will Be (Benedict) Optional". First Things. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  49. ^ Anderson, Bradley W. "Choosing the Good Portion". Touchstone: A Journal of Mere Christianity. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  50. ^ Ford, Zack; Jenkins, Jack (March 24, 2017). "An atheist and a Christian review 'The Benedict Option,' a guide to hiding from queer people". ThinkProgress. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  51. ^ Camacho, Daniel José. "The Reactionary Option: Musings on the decline of western civilization". The Christian Century. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  52. ^ Green, Elon (February 26, 2013). "Conservatism's "friendly face" is an old-school homophobe". Salon. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
  53. ^ Linker, Damon (March 23, 2009). "The Gay Fixation". The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  54. ^ a b Wilson, Jason (July 28, 2017). "'Biology is not bigotry': conservative writers react to ban on trans troops". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
  55. ^ a b Baumann, Paul (December 13, 2018). "Reading the Opposition". Commonweal. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  56. ^ Tolentino, Jia. "After the Kavanaugh Allegations, Republicans Offer a Shocking Defense: Sexual Assault Isn't a Big Deal". The New Yorker. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  57. ^ Heer, Jeet (October 3, 2018). "The New Face of Men's Rights". The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  58. ^ Heer, Jeet (September 17, 2018). "Kavanaugh accusations divide the right". The New Republic. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  59. ^ Sean, Rossman. "Kavanaugh allegations: Is what someone does at age 17 relevant?". USA TODAY. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  60. ^ "Tips For Not Getting Shot By Cops". The American Conservative. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  61. ^ Bouie, Jamelle (September 19, 2018). "Brett Kavanaugh Is the Culmination of a Political Movement Devoted to the Status Quo". Slate Magazine. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  62. ^ Hohmann, James (September 18, 2018). "The Daily 202: Polarization poses problems for Kavanaugh as he prepares to testify in his defense". Washington Post. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  63. ^ Weaver, Vesla Mae (September 28, 2018). "The Kavanaugh hearings show who we afford a second chance and who we don't". Vox. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  64. ^ Livingstone, Josephine (July 3, 2018). "Rod Dreher's Bad History". The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved December 25, 2019.
  65. ^ a b c d e Kolowich, Steve (August 3, 2017). "What is a black professor in America allowed to say?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved December 25, 2019.
  66. ^ Haberman, Zach (September 2, 2001). "SHARPTON FUMES OVER POST'S AALIYAH COLUMN". New York Post. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  67. ^ Livingstone, Josephine (July 3, 2018). "Rod Dreher's Bad History". The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
  68. ^ Singhal, Pallavi (March 19, 2019). "'Everything Tarrant identifies...is true': Ramsay Centre under fire for speakers". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  69. ^ Riemer, Nick (March 18, 2019). "After Christchurch universities have a responsibility: abandon Ramsay". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  70. ^ Riemer, Nick. "The Ramsay Centre and the reality of ideology". Overland literary journal. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  71. ^ Payne, Jemma (August 8, 2019). "Alt-Right? Academics Break Ranks Over Ramsay Centre". Farrago Magazine. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  72. ^ Moses, A. Dirk (April 3, 2019). ""White Genocide" and the Ethics of Public Analysis". Journal of Genocide Research. 21 (2): 201–213. doi:10.1080/14623528.2019.1599493. ISSN 1462-3528. S2CID 132394485. Moses writes that Dreher "concedes too much" (p.213) to the Christchurch shooter, and that Dreher and others who advance "an alarmist 'decline of the West' narrative need to think carefully about how they are intellectually equipping those with catastrophized subjectivities to take their proclaimed state of emergency as a green light for desperate measures." (p.212)
  73. ^ "Rod Dreher on America's post-Christian culture war [CORRECTED] from The Ezra Klein Show". www.stitcher.com. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  74. ^ Roberts, Molly (January 24, 2018). "A lesson in what made Trump's 'shithole' comments so racist". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  75. ^ Gilger, Patrick (January 26, 2018). "Is the Benedict Option based on Christian principles—or white middle-class ones?". America Magazine. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  76. ^ Jones, Sarah (February 2, 2018). "The Notorious Book that Ties the Right to the Far Right". The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved December 25, 2019.
  77. ^ Dreher, Rod (September 14, 2005). "Good Lessons from a Bad Book". The American Conservative. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  78. ^ Dreher, Rod (October 22, 2018). "America's Camp Of The Saints Problem". The American Conservative. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  79. ^ Dreher, Rod (January 25, 2018). "Sarah Jones: SJW Propagandist". The American Conservative. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  80. ^ "Twitter". mobile.twitter.com. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  81. ^ a b TAMNEY, JOSEPH B. (2004). "American Views of Islam, Post 9/11". Islamic Studies. 43 (4): 599–630. ISSN 0578-8072. JSTOR 20837376.
  82. ^ Choudhury, Cyra Akila (April 2006). "Terrorists & Muslims: The Construction, Performance and Regulation of Muslim Identities in the Post-9/11 United States". Rutgers Journal of Law and Religion. 7. SSRN 939812.
  83. ^ a b c Razack, Sherene (2005). "Geopolitics, Culture Clash, and Gender After September 11". Social Justice. 32 (4 (102)): 11–31. ISSN 1043-1578. JSTOR 29768334.
  84. ^ a b Verheul, Jaap (2009), ""How could this have happened in Holland?" American Perceptions of Dutch Multiculturalism after 9/11", American Multiculturalism after 9/11, Transatlantic Perspectives, Amsterdam University Press, pp. 191–206, ISBN 978-90-8964-144-1, JSTOR j.ctt46n1tg.16
  85. ^ Wilonsky, Robert (February 9, 2007). "Why Do the Muslims Hate Rod Dreher So?". Dallas Observer. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
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