|Member of the Bundestag|
|Assumed office |
|Born||11 September 1963|
Pfullendorf, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany
Early life and career
After passing the German Abitur examination in 1982, Kiesewetter joined the German military artillery forces. From 1983 until 1986 he studied economics and organizational sciences at the Bundeswehr University Munich and the University of Texas at Austin. From 1995 to 1997 he attended the German General Staff Course at the Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr in Hamburg, being awarded the Heusinger prize for the best German graduate.
Having finished the studies in Hamburg, Kiesewetter was posted at the European Council, the NATO Headquarters in Brussels and Mons as well as in the German Ministry of Defence. Besides that he also used to be commander of a German army battalion and took part in different military missions abroad. From 2006 to 2009 he was head of the offices of the then Chiefs of Staff of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Rainer Schuwirth and Karl-Heinz Lather in Brunssum, Belgium. In 2009 he had a post at the Rapid Reaction Forces Operations Command (Kommando operative Führung Eingreifkräfte), until he was elected member of parliament on 17 October 2009 and left the army as a colonel.
Kiesewetter has been a member of the German Bundestag since the 2009 federal elections. In the negotiations to form a coalition government following the 2013 federal elections, he was part of the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on foreign affairs, defense policy and development cooperation, led by Thomas de Maizière and Frank-Walter Steinmeier.
In the Bundestag, Kiesewetter is now member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs as well as deputy chairman of the Sub-Committee for Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. In his parliamentary group he serves as spokesman for disarmament and on civilian crisis prevention. Within the Committee on Foreign Affairs, he is his group's rapporteur on the Balkans, the Mediterranean and Maghreb countries; he previously also covered energy policy. Between 2014 and 2015, Kiesewetter represented the CDU/CSU parliamentary group in a crossparty committee headed by former defense minister Volker Rühe to review the country's parliamentary rules on military deployments.
From April 2014, Kiesewetter served as member of the German Parliamentary Committee investigating the NSA spying scandal; he resigned from the body in January 2015, citing an increased need to focus on his duties in the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
In addition to his committee assignments, Kiesewetter is a member of the Parliamentary Friendship Group for Relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 2019, he has been a member of the German delegation to the Franco-German Parliamentary Assembly.
In February 2013, Kiesewetter accompanied President of the Bundestag Norbert Lammert to Morocco for meetings with the president of the House of Representatives, Karim Ghellab, the President of the Assembly of Councillors, Mohamed Cheikh Biadillah, Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane, and Foreign Minister Saad-Eddine El Othmani. In early 2015, he joined Germany's Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier on official trips to Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria; later that year, he also accompanied him on a trip to Cuba; it was the first time a German foreign minister had visited the country since German reunification in 1990.
In 2012, Kiesewetter and Andreas Schockenhoff proposed in a strategy paper a reform of the requirement of parliamentary approval when sending Bundeswehr soldiers abroad, suggesting instead to introduce a yearly, general parliamentary decision on German participation in integrated military structures, such as AWACS, EU Battlegroups and the NATO Response Force (NRF). The government would then have a right to deploy, while the Bundestag would have the right to recall the troops.
NSA surveillance scandal
In 2014, Kiesewetter said efforts to lock in a "no-spy" agreement with the U.S. contradict the need to follow threatening developments in friendly states. Later that year, he called on Edward Snowden to speak with the German parliament's investigative committee on NSA surveillance activities in Germany.
Relations with Russia
In August 2012, Kiesewetter was one of 124 members of the Bundestag to sign a letter that was sent to the Russian ambassador to Germany, Vladimir Grinin, expressing concern over the trial against the three members of Pussy riot. "Being held in detention for months and the threat of lengthy punishment are draconian and disproportionate," the lawmakers said in the letter. "In a secular and pluralist state, peaceful artistic acts – even if they can be seen as provocative – must not lead to the accusation of serious criminal acts that lead to lengthy prison terms."
Holding a special interest in the Balkans, Kiesewetter has in the past called for a stronger German and European commitment to the region, arguing that "Russia is coming into the region as a competitor." He also argues that Berlin should respond to positive changes in the region, such as the election of Klaus Johannis, the reform-minded Romanian president, who "deserves support".
In a 2014 article in Vanity Fair, Kiesewetter is quoted on the Russian military intervention in Ukraine: "We think he has a hidden strategy to disturb and weaken the E.U. to cause it to split." On a United Kingdom withdrawal from the European Union, he later argued "it would be a success for Russia" and that "it cannot be in Germany's national interest for a British exit to weaken the EU and strengthen Germany."
Relations with Israel
When Der Spiegel uncovered the German government's controversial decision to export up to 270 Leopard 2A7+ tanks to Saudi Arabia in October 2011, Kiesewetter in a parliamentary debate put forward a version of events presenting Israel as the driving force behind the decision, claiming that "Israel not only wanted the sale of these tanks, but explicitly supported it."
When Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman called on Germany to lead a control mission for the Rafah checkpoint between the Gaza Strip and Egypt in 2014, Kiesewetter cautioned that "having German soldiers on the ground is not an option because that would be unacceptable for Israel."
- German Military Reserve Association, president (2011–2016)
- Southeast Europe Association (SOG), vice-president
- Advisory Board for Civilian Crisis Prevention, member
- Federal Academy for Security Policy (BAKS), member of the advisory board
- Center for International Peace Operations (ZIF), member of the supervisory board
- European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), member
- European Leadership Network (ELN), member
- European Security Round Table, member of the advisory board (2009–2013)
- German-British Society, member
- Parliamentarians Network for Conflict Prevention of the EastWest Institute, member
- Lions Club, member
- "Stammdaten / Kontakt : Roderich Kiesewetter – CDU/CSU-Fraktion im Deutschen Bundestag: Abgeordnete – A bis Z" [Profile on the website of the CDU/CSU faction in the German parliament] (in German). German CDU/CSU Bundestag faction. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "Deutscher Bundestag: Roderich Kiesewetter, CDU" [Official Biography of the German Parliament] (in German). German Bundestag. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "Preisträger General-Heusinger–Preis" [Heusinger award laureates] (in German). Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Jan Techau (17 June 2014), Germany’s Budding Defense Debate Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
- Annett Meiritz (19 January 2015), Bundestag: CDU-Obmann Kiesewetter verlässt NSA-Ausschuss Spiegel Online.
- Franco-German Parliamentary Assembly Deutscher Bundestag.
- Foreign Minister Steinmeier's first visit to Cuba paves way for stronger ties Deutsche Welle, July 17, 2015.
- Ivo Oliveira (July 16, 2015), Germany’s Steinmeier visits Cuba Politico Europe.
- Karin Fuchs (December 5, 2018), CDU-Parteivorsitz: So stimmen Gräßle und Kiesewetter ab Südwest Presse.
- Margriet Drent (March 2014), Clingendael Report March 2014: Sovereignty, parliamentary involvement and European defence cooperation Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael, The Hague.
- Patrick Donahue (11 July 2014), Germany May Have to Live With Espionage, Merkel Ally Says Bloomberg.
- Patrick Donahue, Cornelius Rahn and Naomi Kresge (15 September 2014), German Panel to Question Executives Over NSA Spy Report Bloomberg News.
- Henry Meyer (8 August 2012), Madonna Urges Freedom for Anti-Putin Punk Girls at Concert Bloomberg News.
- Appell aus dem Bundestag: Deutsche Abgeordnete fordern Milde für Pussy Riot Spiegel Online, 7 August 2012.
- Stefan Wagstyl (27 November 2014), Germany acts to counter Russia’s Balkan designs Financial Times.
- Maureen Orth (January 2015), Angela’s Assets Vanity Fair.
- Paul Carrel (June 6, 2016), German might gives way to angst over Brexit risk Reuters.
- Holger Stark (14 October 2011), The Merkel Doctrine: Tank Exports to Saudi Arabia Signal German Policy Shift Der Spiegel.
- Mathias Bölinger and Nina Haase (7 August 2014), German approval for Gaza mission Deutsche Welle.
- "Präsidium" [Overview of the Board of the Reserve Association] (in German). German Military Reserve Association. Retrieved 2 May 2011.