Rodi Garganico

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Rodi Garganico
Comune
Comune di Rodi milici
Rodi Garganico.JPG
Coat of arms of Rodi Garganico
Coat of arms
Rodi Garganico is located in Italy
Rodi Garganico
Rodi Garganico
Location of Rodi Garganico in Italy
Coordinates: 41°55′46″N 15°53′05″E / 41.92944°N 15.88472°E / 41.92944; 15.88472Coordinates: 41°55′46″N 15°53′05″E / 41.92944°N 15.88472°E / 41.92944; 15.88472
CountryItaly
RegionApulia
ProvinceProvince of Foggia (FG)
FrazioniLido del Sole
Government
 • MayorCarmine D'Anelli
Area
 • Total13.23 km2 (5.11 sq mi)
Elevation46 m (151 ft)
Population (30 November 2016)[1]
 • Total3,682
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Rodiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code71012
Dialing code0884
Patron saintMadonna della Libera
Saint day2 July
WebsiteOfficial website

Rodi Garganico (Italian pronunciation: [ˈrɔːdi ɡarˈɡaːniko]; Garganico: Roud' [ˈrəʉd(ə)] or Rur' [ˈruːr(ə)])[2] is a town and commune in the province of Foggia, Apulia, south-eastern Italy. Located on a promontory east of the Lago di Varano, it is part of the Gargano National Park and of the Mountain Community of Gargano.

Rodi is center for the production of citrus fruits[3] such us Arance del Gargano (Gargano Oranges) and Lemon "Femminiello" of Gargano, both DOP products cultivated since the Middle Ages[4]

It is a seaside resort with several long beaches located both west and east to the town.

History[edit]

Rodi is located in an area inhabited since prehistoric (Palaeolithic and Neolithic) times. According to early 19th-century historian Michelangelo Manicone,[5] its origins are connected to the Dauni ancient people, while, according to other version, it could have been founded by Greek colonists from Rhodes.[6] Pliny the Elder mentions a Portus Garnae[7] which has been identified as the modern Rodi Garganico.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Rodi was destroyed by the Ostrogoths in 485 AD and rebuilt in 553 after the Gothic War. In 950 it was attacked by the Saracens. In 1461 it was occupied by the Aragonese. Starting from the 16th century, it became one of the main centers for the production and trading of agrumes in southern Italy.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
  2. ^ (Canepàri, 1999 & page 433)
  3. ^ (Manicone, 1806 & pages 155–156)
  4. ^ (Hardy, Hole, Pozzan, 2008 & page 95)
  5. ^ Manicone, Michelangelo (1806). La Fisica Appula. Naples: Domenico San Giacomo Editore.
  6. ^ History of Rodi Garganico website
  7. ^ Pliny the Elder, 77, Naturalis Historia, III, xi, p. 103
  8. ^ Giarè, Francesca; Sabrina Giuca. Cultura, Tradizioni e Qualità degli agrumi. Rome: INEA, 2008. ISBN 978-88-8145-138-8.

External links[edit]