Alcala at San Quentin State Prison in 1997
|Born||Rodrigo Jacques Alcala Buquor
August 23, 1943
San Antonio, Texas, U.S.
|Other names||The Dating Game Killer
|Conviction(s)||Battery, kidnapping, murder, probation violation, rape, providing cannabis to a minor|
Span of killings
|June 12, 1971–1979|
|July 24, 1979|
Rodney James Alcala (born Rodrigo Jacques Alcala Buquor; August 23, 1943) is a convicted rapist and serial killer. He was sentenced to death in California in 2010 for five murders committed in that state between 1977 and 1979.
In 2013, he received an additional sentence of 25 years to life after pleading guilty to two homicides in New York in 1971 and 1977. His actual victim count remains unknown and could be much higher.
One police detective called Alcala "a killing machine," and others have compared him to Ted Bundy. A homicide investigator familiar with the evidence speculates that he may have murdered as many as 50 women, while other estimates have run as high as 130.
Prosecutors say that Alcala "toyed" with his victims, strangling them until they lost consciousness, then waiting until they revived, sometimes repeating this process several times before finally killing them. Police found a collection of more than 1,000 photographs taken by Alcala, mostly of women and teenage boys in sexually explicit poses. They speculate that some of his photographic subjects could be additional victims.
- 1 Aliases
- 2 Early life and education
- 3 Early criminal history
- 4 Dating Game appearance
- 5 Samsoe murder and first two trials
- 6 Discovery of more victims
- 7 Third (joined) trial
- 8 After 1979
- 9 Unidentified photographs
- 10 Timeline
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
- Rodney Alcala (legal name)
- Rod Alcala
- John Berger
- John Burger
Early life and education
He joined the U.S. Army in 1960 at age 17, where he worked as a clerk. In 1964, after what was described as a "nervous breakdown", he was diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder by a military psychiatrist. He was then discharged from the Army.
Other diagnoses later proposed by various psychiatric experts at his trials included:
- narcissistic personality disorder
- borderline personality disorder,
- malignant narcissistic personality disorder with psychopathy and sexual sadism comorbidities
Early criminal history
Alcala committed his first known crime in 1968.
A motorist in Los Angeles called police after watching him lure an 8-year-old girl, Tali Shapiro, into his Hollywood apartment. The girl was found raped and had been beaten with a steel bar, but Alcala had fled the scene. To evade the resulting arrest warrant, he left the state and enrolled in the NYU film school, using the name "John Berger".
In 1971 he obtained a counseling job at a New Hampshire arts camp for children, using a slightly different alias, "John Burger". In June 1971, Cornelia Michel Crilley, a 23-year-old flight attendant, was found raped and strangled in her Manhattan apartment. Her murder remained unsolved for the next 40 years.
Later that summer two children attending the arts camp noticed Alcala's FBI wanted poster at a post office and notified camp directors. He was arrested and extradited to California. Tali Shapiro's parents had relocated their entire family to Mexico and refused to allow Tali to testify at Alcala's trial.
Unable to convict him of rape and attempted murder without their primary witness, prosecutors were forced to permit Alcala to plead guilty to a lesser charge of assault. He was paroled after 34 months, in 1974, under the "indeterminate sentencing" program that was popular at the time. This program allowed parole boards to release offenders as soon as they demonstrated evidence of rehabilitation.
Less than two months later, he was arrested after assaulting a 13-year-old girl identified in court records as "Julie J." "Julie" had accepted what she thought would be a ride to school. Once again, he was paroled after serving two years of an indeterminate sentence.
NYPD cold-case investigators now believe that, a week after arriving in Manhattan, Alcala killed Ellen Jane Hover, 23, daughter of the owner of Ciro’s, a popular Hollywood nightclub. Her body was found buried on the grounds of the Rockefeller Estate in Westchester County.
In 1978, Alcala worked for a short time at the Los Angeles Times as a typesetter and was interviewed by members of the Hillside Strangler task force as part of their investigation of known sex offenders. Although Alcala was ruled out as the Hillside Strangler, he was arrested and served a brief sentence for marijuana possession.
During this time, Alcala convinced hundreds of young men and women that he was a professional fashion photographer, and he photographed them for his "portfolio." A Times co-worker later recalled that Alcala shared these photos with workmates. "I thought it was weird, but I was young, I didn’t know anything," she said.
"When I asked why he took the photos, he said their moms asked him to. I remember the girls were naked."
"He said he was a professional, so in my mind I was being a model for him," said one of the women who had permitted Alcala to photograph her in 1979. The "portfolio" also included "...spread after spread of [naked] teenage boys," she said.
Dating Game appearance
By then he had already killed at least two women in California and two others in New York. The show's host, Jim Lange, introduced him as a "successful photographer who got his start when his father found him in the darkroom at the age of 13, fully developed. Between takes you might find him skydiving or motorcycling".
Actor Jed Mills, who competed against Alcala as "Bachelor #2", later described him as a "very strange guy" with "bizarre opinions". He asserted that Alcala did not wear earrings on the show, as Alcala claimed during his 2010 trial. Earrings were not socially acceptable for men in 1978. "I had never seen a man with an earring in his ear", Mills said. "I would have noticed them on him".
Alcala won the show's contest, and a date with "bachelorette" Cheryl Bradshaw. Bradshaw subsequently refused to go out with him, according to published reports, because she found him "creepy".
Criminal profiler Pat Brown, noting that Alcala killed Robin Samsoe and at least two other women after his Dating Game appearance, speculated that Bradshaw's rejection of Alcala might have been an exacerbating factor. "One wonders what that did in his mind", Brown said. "That is something he would not take too well. [Serial killers] don't understand the rejection. They think that something is wrong with that girl — 'She played me. She played hard to get.' "
Samsoe murder and first two trials
Robin Samsoe, a 12-year-old girl from Huntington Beach, California, disappeared somewhere between the beach and her ballet class on June 20, 1979. Her decomposing body was found 12 days later in the Los Angeles foothills. Police subsequently found Samsoe's earrings in a Seattle locker rented by Alcala.
In 1980 Alcala was tried, convicted, and sentenced to death for Samsoe's murder, but the verdict was overturned by the California Supreme Court because jurors had improperly been informed of his prior sex crimes.
In 1986, after a second trial that was virtually identical to the first, except for omission of his prior criminal record, he was convicted again and sentenced to death again. A Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals panel nullified the second conviction, in part because a witness was not allowed to support Alcala's contention that the park ranger who found Samsoe's body had been "hypnotized by police investigators".
Discovery of more victims
While preparing their third prosecution in 2003, Orange County investigators learned that Alcala's DNA (tested under a new state law over his objections) matched semen left at the rape-murder scenes of two women in Los Angeles.
Another pair of earrings found in Alcala's storage locker matched the DNA of one of the two victims. Additional evidence, including another cold-case DNA match in 2004, led to Alcala's indictment for the murders of four other women:
- Jill Barcomb, 18, a New York runaway found "rolled up like a ball" in a Los Angeles ravine in 1977 and originally thought to have been a victim of the Hillside Strangler
- Georgia Wixted, 27, bludgeoned in her Malibu apartment in 1977
- Charlotte Lamb, 31, raped and strangled in the laundry room of her El Segundo apartment complex in 1978
- Jill Parenteau, 21, killed in her Burbank apartment in 1979
All of the bodies were found "posed...in carefully chosen positions".
Third (joined) trial
In 2003, prosecutors entered a motion to join the Samsoe charges with those of the four newly discovered victims. Alcala's attorneys contested it. As one of them explained, "If you’re a juror and you hear one murder case, you may be able to have reasonable doubt. But it’s very hard to say you have reasonable doubt on all five, especially when four of the five aren’t alleged by eyewitnesses but are proven by DNA matches." In 2006, the California Supreme Court ruled in the prosecution's favor, and in February 2010 Alcala stood trial on the five joined charges.
For the third trial, Alcala elected to act as his own attorney. He took the stand in his own defense, and for five hours played the roles of both interrogator and witness, asking himself questions (addressing himself as "Mr. Alcala" in a deeper-than-normal voice), and then answering them.
During this bizarre self-questioning and answering session, he told jurors, often in a rambling monotone, that he was at Knott's Berry Farm when Samsoe was kidnapped. He showed the jury a portion of his 1978 appearance on The Dating Game in an attempt to prove that the earrings found in his Seattle locker were his, not Samsoe's. However, any earrings he might have worn on the program were obscured by his shoulder-length hair. He made no significant effort to dispute the four added charges. As part of his closing argument, he played the portion of the Arlo Guthrie song "Alice's Restaurant" in which the protagonist tells a psychiatrist that he wants to "kill".
After less than two days' deliberation, the jury convicted him on all five counts of first-degree murder. A surprise witness during the penalty phase of the trial was Tali Shapiro, his first known victim.
In March 2010, he was sentenced to death for the third time.
Alcala has been in prison since his 1979 arrest for the murder of Robin Samsoe.
During the period between his second and third trial, he wrote and self-published You, the Jury, in which he claimed innocence in the Samsoe case and suggested a different suspect. He also filed two lawsuits against the California penal system, for a slip-and-fall incident and for refusing to provide him a low-fat diet.
New York State
After his 2010 conviction, New York authorities announced that they would no longer pursue Alcala because of his status as a prisoner awaiting execution. Nevertheless, in January 2011 a Manhattan grand jury indicted him for the murder of Ellen Hover and Cornelia Crilley. In June 2012 he was extradited to New York, where he initially pled not guilty in the Hover and Crilley cases. In December he changed his plea to guilty on both counts, citing a desire to return to California to pursue appeals of his death penalty conviction.
San Francisco, California
In March 2011, investigators in Marin County, north of San Francisco, announced that they were "confident" that Alcala was responsible for the 1977 murder of 19-year-old Pamela Jean Lambson, who disappeared after making a trip to Fisherman's Wharf to meet a man who had offered to photograph her. Lambson's battered, naked body was subsequently found in Marin County near a hiking trail. With no fingerprints or usable DNA, charges are unlikely to be filed, but police say they are convinced that Alcala committed this crime.
An investigation is ongoing in Seattle regarding Alcala's possible connection with the murder of Antoinette Wittaker, 13, in July 1977, and Joyce Gaunt, 17, in February 1978. In 1979 Alcala rented the Seattle-area locker where investigators later found jewelry belonging to two of his California victims.
In March 2010, the Huntington Beach and New York City Police Departments released 120 of Alcala's photographs and sought the public's help in identifying them. Approximately 900 other photos could not be made public, police said, because they were too sexually explicit. 
In the first few weeks, police reported that 21 women had come forward to identify themselves, and at least six families said they believed they recognized loved ones who had "disappeared years ago and were never found". However, according to one published account, as of November 2010 none of the photos had been unequivocally connected to a missing person case or an unsolved murder.
As of November 2014, 110 of the original 120 photos remained posted online. Police continue to solicit the public's help with further identifications.
|Year Of Event||Event / Victim Name||Offense, Offender Status, Location||Alias / Note|
|1968||Graduated from UCLA|
|1968||Tali Shapiro, age 8||Rape, attempted murder; Pled guilty to assault, 1971/California|
|1968-71||Fugitive, student NYU Film School, camp counselor||New York, New Hampshire||John Berger, John Burger|
|1971||Cornelia Crilley||Murder; Indicted, 2011/New York|
|1971–74||Incarcerated (Tali Shapiro conviction)||California|
|1974||"Julie J.", age 13||Kidnapping, assault; Pled guilty to parole violation for providing marijuana to minor; Convicted, 1974/California|
|1974-77||Incarcerated ("Julie J." conviction)||California|
|1977||Ellen Hover||Murder; Indicted, 2011/New York||John Berger|
|1977||Worked as Los Angeles Times typesetter||California|
|1977||Antoinette Wittaker||Murder; Suspect, Washington|
|1977||Jill Barcomb||Murder; Convicted, 2010/California|
|1977||Questioned by FBI regarding Ellen Hover||California||Rodney Alcala, John Berger|
|1977||Georgia Wixted||Murder; Convicted, 2010/California|
|1977||Pamela Jean Lambson||Murder; Accused, 2011/California|
|1978||Joyce Gaunt||Murder; Suspect/Washington|
|1978||Interviewed by Hillside Strangler task force||California|
|1978||Incarcerated (marijuana possession)||California|
|1978||Contestant, The Dating Game||California|
|1978||Charlotte Lamb||Murder; Convicted, 2010/California|
|1979||"Monique H.", age 15||Kidnapping, rape, battery; Convicted, 1980, but released on $10,000 bail by a Riverside, CA, judge pending trial.|
|1979||Jill Parenteau||Murder; Convicted, 2010/California|
|1979||Robin Samsoe||Murder; Convicted, 1980, 1986, 2010/California|
|1979||Arrested on suspicion of Samsoe murder||California|
|1980||Conviction #1, sentenced to death for Samsoe murder||California|
|1984||Conviction #1 overturned by California Supreme Court||California|
|1986||Conviction #2, sentenced to death for Samsoe murder||California|
|1994||You, the Jury||Self-published book asserting innocence in Samsoe case|
|2001||Conviction #2 overturned by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit||California|
|2003||DNA collected, 4 additional murders discovered||California|
|2003||Motion to join Samsoe case with 4 others proposed; contested by Alcala||California|
|2006||Case join granted by California Supreme Court||California|
|2010||Conviction #3, sentenced to death for murders of Samsoe, Parenteau, Lamb, Wixted, and Barcomb||California|
|2011||Indicted for murders of Hover, Crilley||New York|
|2013||Pled guilty; sentenced to 25 years to life for murders of Hover, Crilley||New York|
- Criminal sentencing in the United States
- List of American serial killers
- List of death row inmates in the United States
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-  Archived September 22, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
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- Pelisek, C. (February 10, 2010): Dating Game serial killer suspect Alcala cross-examines himself over his hair. LA Weekly archive Retrieved September 1, 2011
- Esquivel, Paloma (2010-02-24). "As Rodney Alcala's third murder trial winds to a close, victim's brothers wait for closure, justice". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
- Jury Recommends Death for Rodney Alcala (March 9, 2010) myfoxla.com Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- Martinez, Edecio (March 30, 2010). "Serial Killer Rodney Alcala Gets Death Sentence; Will it Stick This Time?". CBSNews.com. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
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- 'Dating Game Killer' Rodney Alcala Pleads Not Guilty in NY Murders (June 21, 2012). KTLA.com archive. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
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- Death Penalty Information Center. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "Murdered girl's sister in shock over serial killer probe | Local & Regional | Seattle News, Weather, Sports, Breaking News". KOMO News. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- Ruben Vives (2010-03-27). "Joyce Gaunt | Seattle police seek links between Alcala and two slain girls - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- Weichselbaum, Simone (April 21, 2010): NYPD releases serial killer Rodney Alcala's photos of women -- seeks public's help in ID'ing them. NY Daily News Archive Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- Serial Killer's Secret Photos: 21 Women Identified From Rodney Alcala's "Archives" (April 12, 2010). CBS News 48 Hours Mystery Archive Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- Police Identify More Women From Serial Killer's Photographs (March 12, 2010). KTLA News Archive Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- Rodney Alcala Photo Identification.NBC New York Web site Retrieved 2011-11-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rodney Alcala.|
- LA Times: Federal Judge Overturns Alcala Conviction 2001
- Rodney Alcala at the Internet Movie Database
- CBS 48 Hours article on Alcala's murder spree, and more storage locker photographs.