Rodolfo Llinás

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Rodolfo Llinás
Rodolfo Llinás in 2010.png
Born (1934-12-16) 16 December 1934 (age 82)
Bogotá, Colombia
Residence New York City, New York, United States
Fields Neuroscience
Institutions NYU School of Medicine
Alma mater Universidad Javeriana and Australian National University
Known for Physiology of the cerebellum, the thalamus, Thalamocortical dysrhythmia as well as for his pioneering work on the inferior olive, on the squid giant synapse and on human magnetoencephalography (MEG)

Rodolfo R. Llinás (Bogota, Colombia 16 December 1934) is a Colombian American neuroscientist. He is currently the Thomas and Suzanne Murphy Professor of Neuroscience and Chairman Emmeritus of the department of Physiology & Neuroscience at the NYU School of Medicine. He attended the Gimnasio Moderno school and received his MD from the Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá in 1959 and his PhD in 1965 from the Australian National University working under Sir John Eccles.[1] Llinás has published over 500 scientific articles.

Early life[edit]

Llinás was born in Bogotá, Colombia. He went to the Gimnasio Moderno school in Bogotá and graduated as a medical doctor from the Pontifical Xavierian University.[1] Llinás is an atheist and describes himself as a logical positivist.[2]


He has studied the electrophysiology of single neurons in the cerebellum, the thalamus, the cerebral cortex, the entorhinal cortex, the hippocampus, the vestibular system, the inferior olive and the spinal cord. He has studied synaptic transmitter release in the squid giant synapse. He has studied human brain function using magnetoencephalography (MEG) on the basis of which he introduced the concept of Thalamocortical dysrhythmia.[3]


Memberships and Honors[edit]

Llinás is a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences (1986), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1996), American Philosophical Society (1996), the Real Academia Nacional de Medicina (Spain) (1996) and the French Academy of Science (2002). Dr. Llinás has received honorary degrees from the following universities:

He was the chairman of NASA/Neurolab Science Working Group and in 2013, the NYU Neuroscience Institute created the Annual Rodolfo Llinás Lecture Series in recognition of his contributions to the field of neuroscience.[15]

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • Hubbard, J.I., Llinás, R. and Quastel, D.M.J. Electrophysiological Analysis of Synaptic Transmission. London: Edward Arnold Publishers 1969.
  • Llinás, R. Editor. Neurobiology of Cerebellar Evolution and Development. (Chicago: Am. Med. Association, 1969)
  • Llinás, R. I of the Vortex: From Neurons to Self (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 2001). ISBN 0-262-62163-0
  • Llinás, Rodolfo R. The Squid Giant Synapse : A Model for Chemical Transmission Oxford University Press, USA (December 15, 1999) ISBN 0-19-511652-6
  • Llinás, Rodolfo R. and Churchland, Patricia S. Mind-Brain Continuum: Sensory Processes The MIT Press (September 9, 1996) ISBN 0-262-12198-0
  • Llinás, Rodolfo R., and Steriade, Mircea. Bursting of thalamic neurons and states of vigilance. Invited Review J. Neurophysiol, 95:3297-3308, 2006. doi:10.1152/jn.00166.2006


  1. ^ a b Squire, Larry R (2006). The history of neuroscience in autobiography. New York, New York: Elsevier. p. 413. ISBN 978-0-12-370514-3. 
  2. ^ P. (2016). Rodolfo R. Llinas - Can Science Talk God? Retrieved August 26, 2016, from
  3. ^ a b Llinás R, Ribary U, Jeanmonod D, Kronberg E, Mitra P (1999). "Thalamocortical dysrhythmia: A neurological and neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by magnetoencephalography". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96 (26): 15222–7. PMC 24801Freely accessible. PMID 10611366. doi:10.1073/pnas.96.26.15222. 
  4. ^ Llinas, R; Terzuolo CA (1965). "Mechanisms of supraspinal actions upon spinal cord activities. Reticular inhibitory mechanisms upon flexor motoneurons". The Journal of Neurophysiology. 28: 413–422. 
  5. ^ Llinás, Rodolfo; Walton, Kerry D; Lang, Eric J (2004) [1st pub. 1974]. "Chapter 7: Cerebellum". In Shepherd, Gordon M. The synaptic organization of the brain. New York, New York: Oxford University press. pp. 271–310. ISBN 0-19-515955-1. 
  6. ^ Llinas, RR (1969). "Functional aspects of interneuronal evolution in the cerebellar cortex". UCLA Forum Med Sci. 11: 329–48. PMID 5397400. 
  7. ^ Baker, R.; Llinás, R. (1971-01-01). "Electrotonic coupling between neurones in the rat mesencephalic nucleus". The Journal of Physiology. 212 (1): 45–63. ISSN 0022-3751. PMC 1395705Freely accessible. PMID 5545184. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1971.sp009309. 
  8. ^ Llinás, R.; Steinberg, I. Z.; Walton, K. (1976-08-01). "Presynaptic calcium currents and their relation to synaptic transmission: voltage clamp study in squid giant synapse and theoretical model for the calcium gate". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 73 (8): 2918–2922. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 430802Freely accessible. PMID 183215. doi:10.1073/pnas.73.8.2918. 
  9. ^ Llinás, R.; Steinberg, I. Z.; Walton, K. (1980-09-01). "Transmission in the squid giant synapse: a model based on voltage clamp studies". Journal de Physiologie. 76 (5): 413–418. ISSN 0021-7948. PMID 6256531. 
  10. ^ a b Llinas, R; Sugimori (1980). "Electrophysiological Properties of in Vitro Purkinje Cell Somata in Mammalian Cerebellar Slices". The Journal of Physiology. 305: 171–195. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1980.sp013357. 
  11. ^ Llinás, R.; Sugimori, M. (1980-08-01). "Electrophysiological properties of in vitro Purkinje cell dendrites in mammalian cerebellar slices". The Journal of Physiology. 305: 197–213. ISSN 0022-3751. PMC 1282967Freely accessible. PMID 7441553. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1980.sp013358. 
  12. ^ Buckey, Jay C. (2003). Neurolab Spacelab Mission: Neuroscience Research in Space. Houston, Texas: NASA. ISBN 0-9725339-0-7. 
  13. ^ Llinás, Rodolfo (1990). «Intrinsic Electrical Properties of Mammalian Neurons and CNS Function». Fidia Research Foundation Neuroscience Award Lectures, 1988-1989 (Raven Press) 4: p. 175.
  14. ^ Rezai, A. R.; Hund, M.; Kronberg, E.; Deletis, V.; Zonenshayn, M.; Cappell, J.; Ribary, U.; Llinás, R.; Kelly, P. J. (1995). "Introduction of magnetoencephalography to stereotactic techniques". Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. 65 (1-4): 37–41. ISSN 1011-6125. PMID 8916327. 
  15. ^

External links[edit]

Newspaper articles[edit]