Rodolfo Orlandini (January 1, 1905 – December 24, 1990) was an Argentine football (soccer) midfielder who played for the Argentina national team between 1927 and 1930.
Orlandini played club football in Argentina for Sportivo Buenos Aires and Estudiantil Porteño before moving to Italy in 1930 to play for Genoa C.F.C.. In 1936 he moved to France where he played for Nice.
Orlandini played in the 1928 Olympic football tournament where Argentina came second to Uruguay. In 1929 he played in the Copa América which was won by Argentina. He also participated in the first ever World Cup in 1930, where Argentina again finished second behind Uruguay.
After retiring as a player Orlandini went on to become a manager, he coached the Colombia national team during the qualifiers for the 1958 World Cup.