|President Emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace|
Roger Etchegaray in Sarajevo, 2012
|Appointed||8 April 1984|
|Term ended||24 June 1998|
|Successor||François-Xavier Nguyên Van Thuán|
|Ordination||13 July 1947
by Jean Saint-Pierre
|Consecration||27 May 1969
by Gabriel Auguste François Marty
|Created Cardinal||30 June 1979|
|Birth name||Roger Marie Élie Etchegaray|
25 September 1922 |
Etchegaray served as the archbishop of Marseille from 1970 to 1985 before entering the Roman Curia, where he served as President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (1984-1998) and President of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum (1984–1995). He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1979.
Cardinal Etchegaray came to the attention of an international audience on Christmas Eve 2009 when he was seriously injured in an unsuccessful attack on Pope Benedict XVI as they processed into Mass at St Peter's Basilica. Etchegaray had to be hospitalised with broken bones.
Early life and ordination
Etchegaray, of Basque stock, was born in the Northern Basque Country to Jean-Batiste and Aurélie Etchegaray. The eldest of three children, he has two younger siblings, Jean and Maïté; their father worked as an agricultural mechanic.
He attended the minor seminary in Ustaritz and the major seminary in Bayonne before studying at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, from where he obtained a Licentiate of Sacred Theology and a Doctorate of Canon Law. He was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Jean Saint-Pierre on 13 July 1947.
Priest and Bishop
He then did pastoral work in the Diocese of Bayonne, also serving as secretary to Bishop Léon-Albert Terrier, secretary general of the diocesan works of Catholic Action, and vicar general. He then served as deputy director (1961–1966) and later secretary general (1966–1970) of the French Episcopal Conference.
On 29 March 1969, Etchegaray was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Paris and Titular Bishop of Gemellae in Numidia by Pope Paul VI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 27 May from Cardinal François Marty, with Cardinal Paul Gouyon and Bishop Władysław Rubin serving as co-consecrators, at Notre-Dame Cathedral.
Archbishop and Cardinal
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Etchegaray was the Archbishop of Marseille from 1970–1985, and was made Cardinal-Priest of S. Leone I by Pope John Paul II in the consistory of 1979. Cardinal Etchegaray was the President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace from 1984–1998, and the President of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum from 1984–1995. He first visited Baghdad in 1985 when he helped to arrange an exchange of prisoners of war between Iran and Iraq while they were at war. In 1998, he visited Baghdad to determine if a papal visit was feasible. On 24 June 1998, he was appointed Cardinal Bishop of Porto-Santa Rufina, and was elected Vice-Dean following the election of Pope Benedict XVI in 2005.
Etchegaray is the longest-serving cardinal to have never participated in a papal conclave. On 26 November 2008 he overtook in this respect Giacomo Antonelli, longtime cardinal secretary of state to Pope Pius IX, whose twenty-nine-year-long cardinalate was entirely during the thirty-one-year-long Pius IX pontificate. He turned eighty on 25 September 2002, becoming ineligible to enter a conclave to choose a pope, and so did not participate in the 2005 conclave, which elected Pope Benedict XVI, nor in the 2013 conclave, which elected Pope Francis.
Cardinal Etchegaray made his first trip to Cuba in 1989, and spent nine days there, between Christmas and the New Year’s Day. Cardinal Etchegaray’s Cuban tour was capped by an meeting with Fidel Castro during Christmas week. The meeting underscored an easing of tensions between Church and state in the officially atheist country, where practicing Christians and Jews have been objects of government repression for almost 30 years.
The cross of Saint Andrew the apostle was presented to the Bishop of Patras Nicodemus by a Catholic delegation led by Etchegaray. All the relics, which consist of the small finger, the skull (part of the top of the cranium of Saint Andrew), and the cross on which he was martyred, have been kept in the Church of St. Andrew at Patras in a special shrine and are revered in a special ceremony every 30 November, his feast day.
In 2006, the Catholic Church, again through Cardinal Etchegaray, gave the Greek Orthodox Church another relic of St. Andrew.
U.S. invasion of Iraq
Injuries sustained during papal attack
On 24 December 2009, Cardinal Etchegaray was knocked down along with Pope Benedict XVI when 25-year-old Susanna Maiolo jumped over a barrier and grappled with the Pope as he processed through St Peter's Basilica for Christmas Eve mass. The Pontiff appeared to be unhurt, but Etchegaray suffered a broken leg and a broken hip in the process. He had been standing a few metres away from the Pope and was knocked down in the scuffle. The Vatican claimed Maiolo was "psychologically unstable" and had lunged at the Pope previously.
In 2015, Cardinal Etchegaray fell in St. Peter's Basilica during Mass and broke his leg for the second time.
- Relic of St. Andrew Given to Greek Orthodox Church. Zenit News Agency (via Zenit.org). Published: 27 February 2006.
- Gammell, Caroline (25 December 2009). "Pope Benedict XVI knocked over during Christmas Eve Mass: Pope Benedict XVI was knocked down by a woman who jumped over security barriers at the start of Christmas Eve Mass.". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
- Gardham, Duncan (25 December 2009). "Psychiatric patient identified as woman who attacked the Pope: The woman who assaulted the Pope was identified as Susanna Maiolo, 25, a Swiss-Italian national.". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
- McKenna, Josephine (25 December 2009). "Vatican security criticised after Christmas Eve Mass attack on Pope". The Times. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
- "Pope knocked down by woman at Christmas Mass". BBC News. 25 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
- "Pope calls for peace amid concern over his security". Reuters. 25 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
|Catholic Church titles|
|Archbishop of Marseille
22 December 1970–13 April 1985
|President of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum
8 April 1984–2 December 1995
Paul Josef Cordes
|President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace
8 April 1984–24 June 1998
Nguyen Van Thuan