|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
Assumed office |
July 8, 2016
|Preceded by||William Byrd Traxler Jr.|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
Assumed office |
December 27, 2000
Bill Clinton (Recess)|
George W. Bush (Commission)
|Preceded by||Seat established by 104 Stat. 5089|
Roger L. Gregory|
July 17, 1953
Virginia State University (B.A.)|
University of Michigan Law School (J.D.)
Roger L. Gregory (born July 17, 1953) is the Chief United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.
Gregory was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania but grew up in Petersburg, Virginia. He earned his Bachelor of Arts degree summa cum laude from Virginia State University in 1975 and his Juris Doctor from the University of Michigan Law School in 1978. He worked as an associate for two different law firms from 1978 until 1982. He co-founded the Richmond, Virginia law firm of Wilder & Gregory in 1982 with L. Douglas Wilder (the first African-American to be elected governor in the United States), and became the chair of its litigation section in 1985. Gregory is also a member of several fraternal organizations, including Omega Psi Phi fraternity, and Sigma Pi Phi fraternity.
Service on the Fourth Circuit
On June 30, 2000, President Bill Clinton nominated Gregory to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit that had been vacant for close to a decade since it had been created (the Senate had never acted on Clinton's previous nominee to that seat, J. Rich Leonard). After the Senate declined to take up Gregory's nomination, and the 2000 presidential election was already over, Clinton installed Gregory on the Fourth Circuit on December 27, 2000, via a recess appointment, which would have lasted only until the end of the 2001 Congressional session. However, he was renominated by newly elected President George W. Bush on May 9, 2001.
The Senate confirmed Gregory on July 20, 2001, in a 93–1 vote, with Trent Lott of Mississippi casting the lone dissenting vote because he objected to Clinton's use of his recess appointment power. Gregory was the first judge nominated to the Fourth Circuit by Bush and confirmed by the United States Senate and is the first black judge to serve on the Fourth Circuit.
On July 28, 2014, Judge Gregory joined the majority opinion with Henry Franklin Floyd in Bostic v. Schaefer that declared Virginia's ban on same-sex marriage unconstitutional. This decision led to the legalization of same-sex marriage in Virginia as well as all other states throughout the Fourth Circuit.
Gregory became Chief Judge on July 8, 2016.
On May 25, 2017, Judge Gregory wrote for the majority when the en banc circuit upheld a lower court's injunction blocking the President's travel ban by a vote of 10-3 in International Refugee Assistance Project v. Trump.
- Bill Clinton judicial appointment controversies
- George W. Bush judicial appointment controversies
- Recess appointment
- Porter, Mike (2006-05-05). "VCU Lauds the Hon. Roger L. Gregory for Public Service". Virginia Commonwealth University. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
- "Judge Roger L. Gregory will become the next chief judge of the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals". The Associated Press. Daily Reporter. July 5, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- Adam Liptak (26 May 2017). "Appeals Court Will Not Reinstate Trump's Revised Travel Ban". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit" (PDF).
- Roger Gregory at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- New York Times article discussing Clinton's recess appointment.
- National Review article discussing Bush re-nomination of Gregory.
Seat established by 104 Stat. 5089
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
William Byrd Traxler Jr.
| Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|