Roger Jenkins (banker)
|Roger A. Jenkins|
|Born||30 September 1955|
ifs School of Finance
Roger Allan Jenkins (born 30 September 1955) is a British financier. From 1994 to 2009 he worked for Barclays in a variety of roles, including as Chief Executive of Barclays Capital's Private Equity Group, and from April 2008 as Executive Chairman of Investment Banking and Investment Management for the Middle East. In 2008 he played a key role in a £7.3 billion investment in Barclays made by the ruling families of Abu Dhabi and Qatar, and by the Qatari sovereign wealth fund. Since 2011 he has been a member of the Management Committee and Investment Committee of the Brazilian investment bank BTG Pactual.
Estimates suggested that in 2005 Jenkins made somewhere between £40 million and £75 million, making him reputedly the highest paid banker in the City of London. That year the board of directors at Barclays, which did not include Jenkins, earned between them £12.3 million in salaries, benefits and bonuses.
Jenkins divides his time among Los Angeles, São Paulo, and the Middle East.
Background, education and sport
Roger Jenkins was born in England, the son of an oil refinery manager. He attended Edinburgh Academy and studied economics at Heriot-Watt University. In his youth he was an accomplished sprinter, representing Scotland and Great Britain from 1973 to 1978. He won a silver medal at the World Student Games in Rome in 1975 at 400m. His brother David Jenkins won a silver medal for Great Britain in the 4 x 400 metres relay at the 1972 Olympics, but was later convicted of drug trafficking in the United States and admitted taking steroids to win races during his athletic career.
Jenkins worked briefly at BP and joined Barclays as a graduate trainee in 1978. From 1982 to 1984 he was head of private placements at Barclays's investment banking division, Barclays de Zoete Wedd (BZW), in New York City, leaving in 1987 to work for Kleinwort Benson, where he stayed for seven years. He rejoined Barclays in 1994 to set up a group advising companies on risk management.
Structured Capital Markets
Jenkins developed an expertise in structuring and analysing the tax regimes of various countries. His group became Barclays Capital Structured Capital Markets. It recruited beyond banking and included Iain Abrahams, a former lawyer at Slaughter and May. One former colleague suggested that it was Abrahams who was "the brains behind the division", saying of Jenkins: "I wouldn't say he is brilliantly bright, but he is very good at internal politics."
In 2009 The Guardian newspaper reported tales of a macho culture inside the Structured Capital Markets division, where, one source claimed, "the deals are so big you never say billion or million, you just say 16 bucks or 16 quid which meant billion". The same source suggested that tax avoidance "was so big it became the engine of growth for the whole of the investment banking arm". Some calculations had claimed that in 2002 Jenkins and his team generated revenues amounting to more than 100 per cent of Barclays Capital's profits, figures Barclays said were "gross exaggerations", adding that Jenkins was in charge of four businesses – tax-efficient financing being only one – and that those businesses generated less than 20 per cent of the bank's revenues.
A 2006 investigation by the Wall Street Journal claimed that in 2003 Jenkins and his team had set up a company co-owned by Barclays and the US bank Wachovia, Augustus Funding LLC, which was incorporated in Delaware but also had a London address and British directors. Although the company had no employees, products or customers, in 2004 it registered pretax profits of $317 million from assets such as Danish mortgage securities and U.S. Treasuries, on which it paid UK taxes of $94 million. According to the Wall Street Journal, thanks to "elaborate structure and cash flows", both Barclays and Wachovia were able to take credit for a full payment of the tax, meaning the $94 million could be claimed twice. The report suggested that Augustus Funding was one of at least nine structures involving US banks set up by Jenkins and his team. Barclays called the account of the transactions "materially inaccurate", while a statement from Wachovia said that they had "complied with all applicable laws and regulations".
Recapitalisation and Middle Eastern connections
In April 2008 Barclays appointed Jenkins Executive Chairman of Investment Banking and Investment Management for the Middle East. In November his connections in the region were influential in securing £7.3 billion of investment in Barclays as the bank sought private funding to recapitalise following the financial crisis of that year. Jenkins delivered Qatari involvement in the deal worth £4.5 billion, with Qatar Holdings controlling 13 per cent of the bank and Challenger, an investment vehicle for Sheik Hamad, owning 3 per cent. A further 14 per cent of Barclays was taken up by Sheikh Mansour Bin Zayed Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi, who was advised on his investment by the financier and dealmaker Amanda Staveley. Speculation suggested that the personal reward for Jenkins was perhaps upwards of £30 million. "With contacts like that," said one Barclays employee, "you just name your price." Sheikh Mansour Bin Zayed Al Nayhan subsequently sold his stake for a profit of over £2.25 billion.
It was also reported that Jenkins paid a key role in the sale of Barclays's iShares business as part of the acquisition of their asset management operation, Barclays Global Investors, by the US firm BlackRock for $13.5 billion in June 2009.
In February 2010 Jenkins launched an advisory firm in Dublin, Elkstone Capital, looking at opportunities created by the Irish financial crisis. "If you are sitting in Dublin today, there are tremendous opportunities, from capital raising to restructuring to acquisitions," he said. Elkstone Capital closed in December 2011.
Jenkins first married Catherine McDowell, a financier and banker at Barclays. In 1999 he married Sanela Diana Ćatić, whom he had met in the gym at the Barbican, where Jenkins was living after the end of his first marriage. Diana is a Bosnian who escaped to London from Sarajevo during the Bosnian war. It was reportedly Sanela Diana Ćatić who introduced Jenkins to Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani, chairman of the Qatar Investment Authority, in 2006; Sanela Diana Ćatić was a friend of the Sheikh's wife. In 2011 it was announced that their marriage had come to "a natural end" in 2009 and they jointly filed for divorce in late 2011.
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- Press Association. "US giant BlackRock buys arm of Barclays bank", The Guardian, 12 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- "Elkstone Capital: Our Team", Elkstone Capital website. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
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- "Advertisement for Final Meeting", The Daily Mail, 15 December 2011. Link to article on InfoTrac National Newspapers Database (login required). Retrieved 2012-06-25.
- Wilson, Harry. "The Sunday Interview: Roger and Huw Jenkins on the 'miracle' economy of Brazil", The Daily Telegraph, 26 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
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- Cadwalladr, Carole. "Diana Jenkins: Accidental Philanthropist", The Observer, 27 September 2009. Retrieved 2011-02-22.