Roger Martin Keesing (16 May 1935 – 7 May 1993) was an American linguist and anthropologist, most notable for his fieldwork on the Kwaio people of Malaita in the Solomon Islands, and his writings on a wide range of topics including kinship, religion, politics, history, cognitive anthropology and language. Keesing was a major contributor to anthropology.
He was the son of anthropologists, Felix M. Keesing, another distinguished anthropologist with an interest in the South Pacific and Marie Margaret Martin Keesing, also an anthropologist of the Pacific. Keesing studied at Stanford and Harvard and began work in 1965 at the University of California, Santa Cruz. In 1974 he became a professor at the Institute of Advanced Studies at the Australian National University in Canberra, heading the Department of Anthropology from 1976. In 1990 he moved to McGill University in Montreal.
In 1974 he wrote a famous article, one of around a hundred published over the course of his career, defining and specifying a view of culture inspired by linguistics and Marxian thinking. He also wrote several books, and is perhaps best known among students of anthropology as the author of Cultural Anthropology: A Contemporary Perspective, regarded as one of the most authoritative general introductory works on the subject. This was based on a book originally authored by his father, and was extensively revised by Keesing over the course of many years, beginning with an updated edition of the original in 1971, and continuing with a full rewrite in 1976, revised further in 1981. Since Keesing's death this task was taken up by Andrew Strathern, and the book remains popular.
In 1989, Keesing worked closely with the author to translate Jonathan Fifi'i's autobiography, From Pig-Theft to Parliament: My Life between Two Worlds, which chronicled his life from his poor Kwaio origins through to the Maasina Ruru movement and onto his career as a politician.
Keesing died suddenly of a heart attack at the Canadian Anthropology Society dance and reception in 1993, and his ashes were transferred to the Solomon Islands, where the families of his Kwaio associates accord him the status of an andalo or ancestral spirit.
- Kwaio descent groups. University of California, 1966.
- New Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology. Holt, Rineheart and Winston, 1971 (co-authored with Felix M. Keesing). ISBN 0-03-085486-5.
- Paradigms lost: The new ethnography and the new linguistics. Bobbs-Merrill, 1972.
- Kin Groups and Social Structure. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975. Rpt. Thomson Learning, 1985. ISBN 0-03-012846-3.
- Kwaio dictionary. Australian National University, 1975. ISBN 0-85883-120-1.
- Explorations in role analysis. P. De Ridder, 1975.
- Cultural Anthropology: A Contemporary Perspective. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976. 2nd ed. CBS College Publishing, 1981. ISBN 0-03-046296-7. 3rd ed. Wadsworth, 1997 (edited by Andrew Strathern). ISBN 0-03-047582-1.
- Elota's Story: The Life and Times of a Solomon Islands Big Man. St. Martin's Press; University of Queensland Press, 1978. Rpt. Thomson Learning, 1983. ISBN 0-03-062897-0.
- Lightning Meets the West Wind: Malaita Massacre. OUP Australia and New Zealand, 1980 (co-authored with Peter Corris). ISBN 0-19-554223-1.
- Kwaio Religion. Columbia University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-231-05341-X.
- Melanesian Pidgin and the Oceanic Substrate. Stanford University Press, 1988. ISBN 0-8047-1450-9.
- Custom and Confrontation: Kwaio Struggle for Cultural Autonomy. University of Chicago Press, 1992. ISBN 0-226-42919-9 (hardcover). ISBN 0-226-42920-2 (paperback).
References and notes
- Lewis, Herbert S. (1998) The Misrepresentation of Anthropology and its Consequences American Anthropologist 100:" 716-731
- Maranda, Pierre (1993)In Memoriam Roger M, Keesing (1935-1993) Journal de la Société des océanistes. Année 1993. Volume 97. Numéro 2. pp. 223-224  Je signale, enre autres, son Cultural Anthropology : A Contemporary Perspective (1976, 2e édition 1981) qui a non seulement servi à former nombre d'étudiants de façon magistrale mais a aussi orienté une nouvelle réflexion sur l'anthropologie culturelle.
- "Keesing, Roger Martin (1935–1993)". Anthrobase Online Dictionary of Anthropology. Retrieved 10 March 2005.
- Otto, Ton (1993). "In memoriam Roger Martin Keesing". Oceania Newsletter.