Roger John Keynes FMedSci (English pronunciation: /ˈkɛɪ̯nz/; born 25 February 1951) is a British medical scientist. He is a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and a professor within the Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience.
Keynes is the third of four sons. His father was Richard Keynes, through whom he is a grandson of Charles Darwin. His mother was The Honorable Ann Pinsent Adrian, who was the daughter of Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian and his wife Hester (née Pinsent). His elder brother, Randal Keynes, is a conservationist and author, while his younger brother, Simon Keynes, is a historian and a Fellow of Trinity, as was their father, Richard. Roger Keynes is the father of Catholic writer and apologist, Laura Keynes.