Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Scarborough
KG GCSI GCIE GCVO TD GCC PC DL
The 11th Earl of Scarbrough.jpg
The Earl of Scarborough painted by Herbert James Gunn in 1952.
Governor of Bombay
In office
18 September 1937 – 24 March 1943[1]
Preceded by Robert Duncan Bell
Succeeded by John Colville
Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma
In office
1945
Preceded by The Earl of Listowel
Succeeded by Arthur Henderson
Member of Parliament
for York
In office
27 October 1931 – 6 May 1937
Preceded by Frederick George Burgess
Succeeded by Charles Wood
Member of Parliament
for Hull East
In office
15 November 1922 – 30 May 1929
Preceded by George Murchison
Succeeded by George Muff
Personal details
Born 27 July 1896
Northumberland, United Kingdom
Died 29 June 1969 (aged 72)
Rotherham, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom
Political party Conservative
Military career
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1916-1946
Rank Major-General
Unit 11th Hussars
Yorkshire Dragoons
King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War

Lawrence Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarborough, KG GCSI GCIE GCVO TD GCC PC DL (27 July 1896 – 29 June 1969) was a British Conservative statesman and British Army general.

Background[edit]

Lumley was the son of Brigadier General Osbert Lumley, youngest child and son of the 9th Earl. He attended Eton College and Magdalen College, Oxford.

Career[edit]

Lumley followed his father into the military, passing out from the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 11th Hussars on 26 January 1916,[2] and was promoted to lieutenant on 26 July 1917.[3] He served in France during World War I. He was demobilised on 3 June 1919, with the rank of lieutenant,[4] but retained a reserve lieutenant's commission in the 11th Hussars, as well as being attached to the Yorkshire Dragoons.[5] From 1920 to 1921, he was attached to an Officer Training Corps (OTC) University Contingent, with the local rank of captain.[6]

Lumley sat in the House of Commons as Member of Parliament (MP) for Hull East 1922–29, then York 1931–37. In 1923 he was Parliamentary Private Secretary to William Ormsby-Gore, from 1924–26 to Sir Austen Chamberlain and subsequently to Anthony Eden. On 8 March 1931, he was promoted to captain in the reserves in both the 11th Hussars and the Yorkshire Dragoons.[7][8] He was brevetted to the rank of major in the Yorkshire Dragoons on 1 January 1937,[9] and was awarded the Efficiency Decoration on 11 May.[10] In 1937, he was appointed Governor of Bombay, serving until 1943. Upon his return from India, Lumley served as acting Major-General in World War II. Following the War, he continued his connections with the Army, as an honorary colonel. He succeeded to the Earldom of Scarbrough in 1945 following the death of his uncle. He served as Lord Chamberlain from 1952 to 1963 and chancellor of the University of Durham from 1958 to 1969. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1948.

Outside politics, the Earl had a keen interest in Asian and African studies. He presided over the Interdepartmental Commission of Enquiry on Oriental, Slavonic, East European and African Studies set up after the Second World War to consider how Britain might maintain and increase the links it had built up during the war in the geographical areas under the Commission's consideration. The Commission's report, presented in 1947, argued for considerable strengthening of university departments' capacity to carry out research and training related to these areas, and for significant funds to be made available to this end. However, after five years of strong growth following the presentation of the Scarbrough report, in 1952 much of the funding was withdrawn.[11]

Lumley was a freemason and, from 1951 to 1967 served as the Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England.

Family[edit]

Lumley married Katherine Isobel McEwen, sister of Sir John McEwen, 1st Baronet on 12 July 1922 at St Margaret's, Westminster. They had five children:

[12]

Memorial to Lawrence Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarborough in York Minster

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Colonial administrators and post-independence leaders in India (1616–2000)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ "No. 29450". The London Gazette. 25 January 1916. p. 1007. 
  3. ^ "No. 30537". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 February 1918. p. 2314. 
  4. ^ "No. 31369". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 May 1919. p. 6774. 
  5. ^ "No. 31369". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 May 1919. p. 6777. 
  6. ^ "No. 31873". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 April 1920. p. 4674. 
  7. ^ "No. 33712". The London Gazette. 1 May 1931. p. 2805. 
  8. ^ "No. 33782". The London Gazette. 22 December 1931. p. 8256. 
  9. ^ "No. 34356". The London Gazette. 1 January 1937. p. 15. 
  10. ^ "No. 34397". The London Gazette. 11 May 1937. p. 3113. 
  11. ^ Report of the Sub-Committee on Oriental, Slavonic, East European and African Studies (Hayter Report). London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1961. pp. 6–40. 
  12. ^ Telegraph announcements

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Murchison
Member of Parliament for Hull East
19221929
Succeeded by
George Muff
Preceded by
Frederick George Burgess
Member of Parliament for York
1931–1937
Succeeded by
Charles Wood
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Brabourne
Governor of Bombay
1937–1943
Succeeded by
Sir David Colville
Preceded by
Earl of Listowel
Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma
1945
Succeeded by
Arthur Henderson
Court offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Clarendon
Lord Chamberlain
1952–1963
Succeeded by
The Lord Cobbold
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Harewood
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire
1948–1969
Succeeded by
Kenneth Hargreaves
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Grand Master of the
United Grand Lodge
of England

1951–1967
Succeeded by
The Duke of Kent
Academic offices
Preceded by
George Macaulay Trevelyan
Chancellor of the University of Durham
1958–1969
Succeeded by
Malcolm Macdonald
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Aldred Lumley
Earl of Scarbrough
1945–1969
Succeeded by
Richard Lumley