Roger Needham in 1999
|Born||9 February 1935|
Sheffield, England, UK
|Died||1 March 2003 (aged 68)|
Willingham, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
|Known for||Needham–Schroeder protocol |
Tiny Encryption Algorithm
|Spouse(s)||Karen Spärck Jones|
|Awards||Faraday Medal (1998)|
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
|Institutions||University of Cambridge|
|Thesis||The application of digital computers to problems of classification and grouping (1962)|
|Doctoral advisor||David Wheeler|
Needham began his undergraduate studies at St John's College, Cambridge in 1953, graduating with a B.A. in 1956 in mathematics and philosophy. His Ph.D. thesis was on applications of digital computers to the automatic classification and retrieval of documents. He worked on a variety of key computing projects in security, operating systems, computer architecture (capability systems) and local area networks.
Among his theoretical contributions is the development of the Burrows-Abadi-Needham logic for authentication, generally known as the BAN logic. His Needham–Schroeder (coinvented with Michael Schroeder) security protocol forms the basis of the Kerberos authentication and key exchange system. He also codesigned the TEA and XTEA encryption algorithms. He pioneered the technique of protecting passwords using a one-way hash function.
He joined Cambridge's Computer Laboratory, then called the Mathematical Laboratory, in 1962, became head of the laboratory in 1980, was made a professor in 1981 and remained with the laboratory until his retirement in 1995. Needham then set up Microsoft's UK-based Research Laboratory in 1997. He was also one of the founding Fellows of University College, Cambridge, which became Wolfson College.
Needham was elected to the Royal Society in 1985, became a fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 1993 and received a CBE for his contributions to computing in 2001. He also was a longtime and respected member of the International Association for Cryptologic Research, the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Security and Privacy and the University Grants Committee. He was made a fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery in 1994.
Roger Needham Award
EuroSys Roger Needham PhD Award
A separate prize honoring Roger Needham has been established by EuroSys, the "EuroSys Roger Needham PhD Award". This annual prize awards €2,000 to a PhD student from a European University whose thesis is regarded to be an exceptional, innovative contribution to knowledge in the Computer Systems area. Past winners have been:
- 2018 Dennis Andriesse (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) for his PhD thesis entitled Analyzing and Securing Binaries Through Static Disassembly
- 2015 Cristiano Giuffrida (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) for his PhD thesis entitled Safe and Automatic Live Update
- 2014 Torvald Riegel (Technische Universitaet Dresden), for his thesis Software Transactional Memory Building Blocks
- 2013 Asia Slowinska (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) for her PhD thesis entitled Using Information Flow Tracking to Protect Legacy Binaries
- 2012 Derek Murray (University of Cambridge), for his thesis A Distributed Execution Engine Supporting Data-Dependent Control Flow
- 2011 Jorrit Herder (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) for Building a Dependable Operating System: Fault Tolerance in MINIX 3
- 2010 Willem de Bruijn (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) for Adaptive Operating System Design for High Throughput I/O
- 2009 Jacob Gorm Hansen (DIKU) for Virtual Machine Mobility with Self-Migration
- 2008 Adam Dunkels (SICS) for Programming Memory-Constrained Networked Embedded Systems
- 2007 Nick Cook (Newcastle University) for Middleware Support for Non-repudiable Business-to-Business Interactions
- 2006 Oliver Heckmann (TU Darmstadt) for A System-oriented Approach to Efficiency and Quality of Service for Internet Service Providers
- Hoare, T.; Wilkes, M. V. (2004). "Roger Michael Needham CBE FREng. 9 February 1935 - 1 March 2003: Elected F.R.S. 1985". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 50: 183–199. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2004.0014.
- Herbert, Andrew James, "Needham, Roger Michael (1935–2003)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, March 2009; online edition, January 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2018 (subscription required)
- Wilkes, M. V. Time-Sharing Computer Systems. American Elsevier, New York, (1968).
- Schofield, Jack (10 March 2003). "Roger Needham". The Guardian.
- "ACM Fellow Roger Needham Dies at 62". Pressroom. ACM. 7 March 2003.
- Peterson, Kim (6 March 2003). "Microsoft's Needham dies from cancer". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- Roger Needham Lecture at the British Computer Society website
- Roger Needham at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Information about Roger Needham provided by his wife
- Obit: Roger Needham, The Register, 2 March 2003
- Roger Needham, Computer Security Expert, Dies at 68, The New York Times, 6 March 2003
- Speech presenting Needham with an honorary degree, Loughborough University, 13 July 2001