Roger Makins, 1st Baron Sherfield

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Sherfield
GCB GCMG FRS
Makins, Rowse and Baring.jpg
Makins (left), A. L. Rowse and Evelyn Baring photographed in 1926 by Lady Ottoline Morrell
British Ambassador to the United States
In office
1953–1956
Monarch Elizabeth II
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by Sir Oliver Franks
Succeeded by Sir Harold Caccia
Personal details
Born 3 February 1904
Died 9 November 1996 (aged 92)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Roger Mellor Makins, 1st Baron Sherfield, GCB GCMG FRS[1] (3 February 1904 – 9 November 1996), was a British diplomat who served as British Ambassador to the United States from 1953 to 1956.

Background and early life[edit]

Makins was the son of Brigadier-General Sir Ernest Makins (1869–1959) and Florence Mellor. He was educated at Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford, and was called to the Bar, Inner Temple, in 1927.

Early diplomatic career[edit]

However, he never practised and instead joined the Diplomatic Service in 1928. Makins was later appointed to be Minister at the British Embassy in Washington in 1945,[2] and served until 1947. He was Assistant Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign Office from 1947 to 1948 and as Deputy Under-Secretary of State from 1948 to 1952.

Ambassador to the United States[edit]

In 1953 he was appointed to be the Ambassador to the United States,[3] a post he held until 1956. On the eve of the Suez Crisis, he was present at the crucial meeting on 25 September 1956 where Harold Macmillan was apparently persuaded that U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower had offered the British Government tacit support; Makins, on the other hand, concluded correctly that Eisenhower would not support the intervention.

Later career in the civil service[edit]

After his return from Washington he served as Joint Permanent Secretary to The Treasury from 1956 to 1960 and as Chairman of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority from 1960 to 1964.

Chancellorship[edit]

Makins was appointed to the post of Chancellor of the University of Reading in 1969, and retained this position until 1992.[4]

Marriage[edit]

On 30 April 1934, in an Episcopal ceremony in Tallahassee, Florida, he married an American, Alice Brooks Davis (d.1985), the daughter of Dwight F. Davis, founder of the Davis Cup and former U.S. Secretary of War.

Honours[edit]

Makins was appointed to the Order of St Michael and St George as a Companion (CMG) in the 1944 New Year Honours[5] and was promoted in the same Order as a Knight Commander (KCMG) in the 1949 Birthday Honours.[6] He was appointed to the Order of the Bath as a Knight Commander (KCB) in the 1953 New Year Honours.[7] He was promoted in the Order of St Michael and St George as a Knight Grand Cross (GCMG) in the 1955 New Year Honours[8] and was promoted within the Order of the Bath as a Knight Grand Cross (GBE) in the 1960 New Year Honours.[9]

In the 1964 Birthday Honours, Makins was raised to the peerage as Baron Sherfield, of Sherfield-on-Loddon in the County of Southampton.[10]

He was elected to be a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) under Statute 12 (for those "who have rendered conspicuous service to the cause of science, or are such that election would be of signal benefit to the Society") in 1986.[11]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1904–1944: Mr Roger Makins
  • 1944–1949: Mr Roger Makins CMG
  • 1949–1953: Sir Roger Makins KCMG
  • 1953: His Excellency Sir Roger Makins KCMG
  • 1953–1955: His Excellency Sir Roger Makins KCB KCMG
  • 1955–1956: His Excellency Sir Roger Makins GCMG KCB
  • 1956–1960: Sir Roger Makins GCMG KCB
  • 1960–1964: Sir Roger Makins GCB GCMG
  • 1964–1986: The Right Honourable The Lord Sherfield GCB GCMG
  • 1986–1996: The Right Honourable The Lord Sherfield GCB GCMG FRS
Ferdinand Lured by Ariel, a Millais from Makins' collection.

The Makins Collection[edit]

Makins was a notable collector of Victorian art. The Makins Collection contained important works by John Everett Millais.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Selborne, L. (1998). "Roger Mellor Makins, G. C. B., G. C. M. G., D. L., the 1st Baron Sherfield. 3 February 1904-9 November 1996". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 44: 267. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1998.0018. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 37527. p. 1802. 9 April 1946.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 39838. p. 2357. 28 April 1953.
  4. ^ "Reading welcomes its new chancellor". Bulletin. University of Reading. 2008-01-17. pp. 6–7. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36309. p. 6. 31 December 1943.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38628. p. 2797. 3 June 1949.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39732. p. 4. 30 December 1952.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 40366. p. 5. 31 December 1954.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41909. p. 4. 29 December 1959.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 43370. p. 5649. 30 June 1964.
  11. ^ "Fellows 1660-2007" (PDF). Royal Society. Retrieved 22 October 2016. 

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Oliver Franks
British Ambassador to the United States
1953–1956
Succeeded by
Sir Harold Caccia
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Sherfield
1964–1996
Succeeded by
Christopher James Makins
Academic offices
Preceded by
Lord Bridges
Chancellor of the University of Reading
1970-1992
Succeeded by
Lord Carrington