Roger Makins, 1st Baron Sherfield
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Sherfield
GCB GCMG FRS DL
|British Ambassador to the United States|
|President||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Preceded by||Sir Oliver Franks|
|Succeeded by||Sir Harold Caccia|
|Born||3 February 1904|
|Died||9 November 1996 (aged 92)|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Background and early life
Early diplomatic career
However, he never practised and instead joined the Diplomatic Service in 1928. Makins was later appointed to be Minister at the British Embassy in Washington in 1945, and served until 1947. He was Assistant Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign Office from 1947 to 1948 and as Deputy Under-Secretary of State from 1948 to 1952.
Ambassador to the United States
In 1953 he was appointed to be the Ambassador to the United States, a post he held until 1956. On the eve of the Suez Crisis, he was present at the crucial meeting on 25 September 1956 where Harold Macmillan was apparently persuaded that U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower had offered the British Government tacit support; Makins, on the other hand, concluded correctly that Eisenhower would not support the intervention.
Later career in the civil service
On 30 April 1934, in an Episcopal ceremony in Tallahassee, Florida, he married an American, Alice Brooks Davis (d.1985), the daughter of Dwight F. Davis, founder of the Davis Cup and former U.S. Secretary of War.
Makins was appointed to the Order of St Michael and St George as a Companion (CMG) in the 1944 New Year Honours and was promoted in the same Order as a Knight Commander (KCMG) in the 1949 Birthday Honours. He was appointed to the Order of the Bath as a Knight Commander (KCB) in the 1953 New Year Honours. He was promoted in the Order of St Michael and St George as a Knight Grand Cross (GCMG) in the 1955 New Year Honours and was promoted within the Order of the Bath as a Knight Grand Cross (GBE) in the 1960 New Year Honours.
He was elected to be a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) under Statute 12 (for those "who have rendered conspicuous service to the cause of science, or are such that election would be of signal benefit to the Society") in 1986.
Styles of address
- 1904–1944: Mr Roger Makins
- 1944–1949: Mr Roger Makins CMG
- 1949–1953: Sir Roger Makins KCMG
- 1953: His Excellency Sir Roger Makins KCMG
- 1953–1955: His Excellency Sir Roger Makins KCB KCMG
- 1955–1956: His Excellency Sir Roger Makins GCMG KCB
- 1956–1960: Sir Roger Makins GCMG KCB
- 1960–1964: Sir Roger Makins GCB GCMG
- 1964–1986: The Right Honourable The Lord Sherfield GCB GCMG
- 1986–1996: The Right Honourable The Lord Sherfield GCB GCMG FRS
The Makins Collection
Makins was a notable collector of Victorian art. The Makins Collection contained important works by John Everett Millais.
- Selborne, L. (1998). "Roger Mellor Makins, G. C. B., G. C. M. G., D. L., the 1st Baron Sherfield. 3 February 1904-9 November 1996". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 44: 267. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1998.0018.
- "No. 37527". The London Gazette. 9 April 1946. p. 1802.
- "No. 39838". The London Gazette. 28 April 1953. p. 2357.
- "Reading welcomes its new chancellor". Bulletin. University of Reading. 2008-01-17. pp. 6–7.
- "No. 36309". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1943. p. 6.
- "No. 38628". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 June 1949. p. 2797.
- "No. 39732". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1952. p. 4.
- "No. 40366". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1954. p. 5.
- "No. 41909". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1959. p. 4.
- "No. 43370". The London Gazette. 30 June 1964. p. 5649.
- "Fellows 1660-2007" (PDF). Royal Society. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Interview about the Korean War for the WGBH-TV series, War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
- Artworks in the Makins Collection at the Bridgeman Art Library
Sir Oliver Franks
|British Ambassador to the United States
Sir Harold Caccia
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
Christopher James Makins
|Chancellor of the University of Reading