|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2021
Serving with Jerry Moran
|Preceded by||Pat Roberts|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Kansas's 1st district
January 3, 2017 – January 3, 2021
|Preceded by||Tim Huelskamp|
|Succeeded by||Tracey Mann|
Roger Wayne Marshall
August 9, 1960
El Dorado, Kansas, U.S.
|Education||Kansas State University (BS)|
University of Kansas (MD)
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Unit||United States Army Reserve|
Roger Wayne Marshall (born August 9, 1960) is an American politician, physician, and former military officer serving as the junior United States senator from Kansas since 2021. A member of the Republican Party, he served from 2017 to 2021 as the U.S. representative for Kansas's 1st congressional district, a mostly rural district covering much of the western and northern parts of the state.
An obstetrician, Marshall was first elected to Congress in 2016, defeating incumbent Tim Huelskamp in the Republican primary for Kansas's 1st congressional district. On September 7, 2019, he announced his bid for the United States Senate in the 2020 election; he sought the seat being vacated by Pat Roberts. Marshall won the August 4 Republican primary and was elected on November 3, defeating Democratic nominee Barbara Bollier. Marshall was sworn in on January 3, 2021.
On January 6, 2021, Marshall joined a group of Republican senators led by Josh Hawley and Ted Cruz in support of the objections to Pennsylvania's and Arizona's electoral votes, both of which were overwhelmingly rejected by the Senate, 92-7 and 93-6 respectively.
Early life and education
Marshall was born in El Dorado, Kansas. He attended Butler Community College before attending Kansas State University, where he received a bachelor's degree in biochemistry and was a member of Beta Theta Pi. He received his Doctor of Medicine from the University of Kansas. He completed a residency in obstetrics and gynecology at Bayfront Medical Center in St. Petersburg, Florida.
Marshall has served as chairman of the board of Great Bend Regional Hospital and vice president of the Farmers Bank and Trust, and has been a district governor of Rotary International. He also served seven years in the United States Army Reserve, reaching the rank of captain.
U.S. House of Representatives
Marshall ran against incumbent Tim Huelskamp in the Republican Party primary election for Kansas's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives. He had the support of many of Kansas's agricultural groups, who were angry that Huelskamp lost his seat on the House Agriculture Committee, the first time in a century that no Kansan was on that panel. During the primary, Huelskamp's campaign ran TV ads criticizing Marshall for a confrontation with a neighbor in 2008 in connection with a land dispute; the neighbor made a 9-1-1 call accusing Marshall of attempting to run him over with a vehicle. Marshall ultimately pleaded no contest to a reckless driving misdemeanor and settled the neighbor's civil suit.
On August 2, Marshall defeated Huelskamp in the Republican primary, 56% to 44%. No Democrat filed to run in the heavily Republican district.
Marshall was endorsed by the United States Chamber of Commerce, the Kansas Livestock Association, the National Association of Wheat Growers, and the Kansas Farm Bureau, an affiliate of the American Farm Bureau Federation.
Marshall represented a district that had long been nicknamed "the Big First" because it covered all or part of 63 counties in central and western Kansas, more than half the state's land mass. It was the seventh-largest district in the nation that did not cover an entire state.
Marshall was sworn into office on January 3, 2017.
On October 23, 2019, Marshall was part of a group of 15–30 House Republicans, led by Representative Matt Gaetz, who intruded upon that day's confidential hearing of the House Intelligence Committee. The Republican and Democratic committee members were meeting in a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF) to hear testimony from Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Laura Cooper in connection with the impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump. Marshall was one of a group of Republicans that followed Gaetz to the hearing room. Marshall called the impeachment inquiry a "sham" and contended that "the people of Kansas are sick and tired of these impeachment hearings."
- Committee on Agriculture
- Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
- Committee on Small Business
Marshall was sworn into office on January 3, 2021.
In September 2019, Marshall announced he would give up his House seat to run for the Senate seat being vacated by four-term incumbent Pat Roberts. In the Republican primary election, Marshall faced Kris Kobach, a polarizing ex-Kansas Secretary of State and Donald Trump ally known for his far-right views. Senate Republican leaders, fearing that Kobach's nomination would endanger their majority in the Senate, urged Trump to endorse Marshall; Trump did not. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the Kansas Farm Bureau and several anti-abortion organizations supported Marshall. The National Republican Senatorial Committee launched a major voter contact effort ("Operation Scorched Prairie") on Marshall's behalf making 2.3 million unique voter contacts via text and robocalls in the week before the election.
The rival campaigns and outside groups (super PACs) spent millions in attack ads; the primary was anticipated to be close, but Marshall ultimately won by 14.2 percentage points with 40.3% of the vote, although the second-place finisher (Kobach) and third-place finisher (Kansas City based plumber Bob Hamilton) combined for a higher total. Marshall won all but one county west of Emporia. In Sedgwick County, which contains Wichita, he beat Kobach 47% to 26%. He lost by a majority in Wyandotte County, which contains Kansas City, and by pluralities in most counties in eastern Kansas. In the general election, Marshall defeated Democratic State Senator Barbara Bollier 53% to 42%, the Libertarian Jason Buckley receiving 5%. In so doing, he continued a long line of former congressmen from the "Big First" subsequently representing Kansas in the Senate; due to its vast size, the district's congressman is usually reckoned as a statewide political figure. He succeeded Roberts, who represented the 1st from 1981 to 1997; Kansas's senior senator, Jerry Moran, represented the district from 1997 to 2011.
- Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
- Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
- Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Attempt to overturn the 2020 election results
In December 2020, Marshall was one of 126 House Republicans to sign an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election, in which Joe Biden defeated Trump. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of an election held by another state. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi issued a statement that called signing the amicus brief an act of "election subversion." She also reprimanded Marshall and the other House members who supported the lawsuit: "The 126 Republican Members that signed onto this lawsuit brought dishonor to the House. Instead of upholding their oath to support and defend the Constitution, they chose to subvert the Constitution and undermine public trust in our sacred democratic institutions."
Marshall disputed the results of the 2020 presidential election, claiming that in "several states" "governors, secretaries of states and activist courts" usurped legislatures to create voting rules. Therefore, he announced that he would oppose the January 6, 2021, certification of the Electoral College count. He would also call for an electoral commission to investigate "the integrity of the ballot, to hold states accountable to the time proven constitutional system of the Electoral College."
Marshall was participating in the certification of the Electoral College count when Trump supporters stormed the United States Capitol. He blamed "the rioters, vandals, and trespassers" for destroying "any chance we had for peaceful discussion and debate on restoring and ensuring confidence in this and all future elections." He also called for participants to be "prosecuted to the fullest extent."
After the Capitol was secure, Marshall joined the Senate to continue the vote on the certification. Marshall supported the objections to Arizona's and Pennsylvania's electoral votes. The Senate rejected these objections by 93-6 and 92-7 respectively. He called his decision to object to the count "from my heart." Following the vote on certification, Marshall acknowledged that Joe Biden would be president and urged a peaceful transition of power.
As a result of his refusal to certify the count, the Kansas Democratic Party called for his expulsion from Congress for failure to "execute [his] oath of office to support and defend the United States Constitution". The McPherson Sentinel editorial board wrote that Marshall "should be ashamed" of his decision to support false claims of voter fraud and trying to overturn the election.
Of medical marijuana, Marshall said in 2017, "I'm not convinced that it's medically proven and a good idea... I think there's a path there, but I just haven't seen enough scientific data to say it's a good thing."
During the COVID-19 pandemic, Marshall has promoted conspiracy theories that falsely suggest that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were inflating coronavirus death numbers. Facebook removed Marshall's posts from its platform as a violation of its rule against "harmful misinformation". Marshall called Facebook's removal of his misinformation "corporate censorship".
Marshall does not dispute the effectiveness of masks in halting the spread of the coronavirus but he opposes face mask mandates. He has appeared at indoor campaign events without a face mask before maskless crowds who did not observe social distancing.
During the pandemic, Marshall promoted prophylactic use of hydroxychloroquine, an antimalarial drug Trump promoted, despite its being unproven as an effective treatment and despite government warnings about using it outside research or hospital settings. He said he himself used the drug to proactively guard against the virus.
Marshall rejects the scientific consensus on climate change, saying, "I'm not sure that there is even climate change." He has criticized the Environmental Protection Agency and supports reducing its authority. Marshall supports the federal renewable fuel standard, which requires corn-based ethanol to be blended with gasoline. He supported Trump's decision to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris climate accord.
Marshall was one of six Republican senators to vote against expanding the COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act, which would allow the U.S. Justice Department to review hate crimes related to COVID-19 and establish an online database.
Marshall supports repealing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare). He voted for the American Health Care Act of 2017, which would have repealed and replaced the ACA. In 2020, he continued to campaign on repealing and replacing the ACA.
Marshall opposes Medicaid expansion in Kansas. He says he "measures success in how many people can afford to leave the Medicaid program and enter the private insurance market." In explaining his opposition to Medicaid expansion, Marshall said in an interview in March 2017 that some people "just don't want health care." His remarks attracted criticism; Marshall said they were taken out of context and cited his work as a doctor at a free family planning clinic which he said was the only clinic in the area to accept Medicaid.
Marshall, who represents a rural state, supports farm subsidies, such as federal crop insurance. His support for subsidies gained him the 2016 endorsement of the Kansas Farm Bureau in the Republican primary.
Marshall supported Trump's Executive Order 13769, which barred citizens of seven Muslim-majority nations from entering the United States. He supports an immigration bill with a pathway to citizenship for people not living in the U.S. legally.
Kansas's 1st congressional district, 2016
|Republican||Tim Huelskamp (incumbent)||45,315||43.5%|
- "Roll Call Vote 117th Congress - 1st Session". USSen. U.S. Senate. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
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- Gross, Jenny; Broadwater, Luke (January 7, 2021). "Here are the Republicans who objected to certifying the election results". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- Special to the Sentinel Roger Marshall's office (May 28, 2015). "Marshall announces republican candidacy". M.mcphersonsentinel.com. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Giffin, John. "EHS alum Rep. Roger Marshall talks issues with students at Futures Fair". Retrieved October 22, 2018.
- "Beta Theta Pi - Kansas State University - Spring 2020 Newsletter". www.epageflip.net.
- "Building Strong Relationships: United States Congressman Dr. Roger Marshall '84 Reflects on His Time with Beta Theta Pi". epageflip.net. 2020.
- "Marshall says hes running for Congress". www.gbtribune.com.
- "Great Bend resident appointed Rotary District Governor". The Hays Daily News. Retrieved March 11, 2021.
- "Roger Marshall elected Vice Chairman of Farmers Bank Board". www.gbtribune.com. Retrieved March 11, 2021.
- Hogg, Dale (August 2, 2016). "Marshall Wins in Upset". Great Bend Tribune.
- Tate, Curtis (July 22, 2016). "Firebrand Kansas congressman feels heat in Republican primary". McClatchy Washington Bureau.
- "911 call featured in Huelskamp campaign ad led to Marshall pleading no contest to misdemeanor in 2008", Hutchinson News, Mary Clarkin, June 20, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
- Robertson, Joe (August 2, 2016). "Tea party's Tim Huelskamp ousted by challenger Roger Marshall in Kansas congressional race". The Kansas City Star.
- Staff (August 2, 2016). "Roger Marshall wins Kansas Republican primary against Tea Party incumbent". The Guardian.
- "Sen. Roger Marshall Official Press Release: Congressman Marshall Sworn into Office - From LegiStorm". www.legistorm.com. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
- Reps. Mo Brooks, Bradley Byrne at forefront of GOP charge into impeachment room, AL.com, Paul Gattis, October 23, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- "Whole thing is a sham." Kansas and Missouri Republicans storm impeachment inquiry, Kansas City Star, Bryan Lowry, October 23, 2019. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- "Marshall sworn in as US Senator for Kansas".
- Brufke, Julie Grace (September 7, 2019). "Rep. Roger Marshall launches Kansas Senate bid". The Hill. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
- Astead W. Herndon & Katie Glueck, Kris Kobach Loses Kansas Senate Primary, Easing Republican Worries, New York Times, August 4, 2020.
- Nathaniel Rakich & Geoffrey Skelley, What You Need To Know About Today's Elections In Kansas, Michigan And Missouri, FiveThirtyEight (August 4, 2020).
- Geography and money will be key as Marshall and Bollier vie for Senate seat in Kansas, Wichita Eagle, Bryan Lowry and Jonathan Shorman, August 5, 2020. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
- Arkin, James; Mutnick, Ally (August 4, 2020). "Kobach loses Kansas Senate primary". Politico. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
- Lowry, Bryan (November 3, 2020). "Roger Marshall beats Bollier in U.S. Senate race on strength of rural vote". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved July 14, 2023. (subscription required)
- Gustin, Georgina (September 16, 2020). "Senate 2020: In Kansas, a Democratic Climate Hawk Closes in on a Republican Climate Skeptic". InsideClimate News. Archived from the original on October 2, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
- McLean, Jim; Canon, Scott (May 26, 2020). "The Kansas Republican Senate Candidates Debated Over Who's Best To Work With Trump". HPPR. High Plains Public Radio. Archived from the original on August 14, 2020. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
- "Roger Marshall says Roe v. Wade should be overturned". www.cbs19news.com. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
- Sunnivie Brydum, Antigay Kansas Rep. Won't Be Returning to Congress, The Advocate (August 3, 2016).
- Curtis Tate, Tea party Rep. Tim Huelskamp heading to defeat in Kansas Republican primary, McClatchy DC (August 2, 2016).
- Blood, Michael R.; Riccardi, Nicholas (December 5, 2020). "Biden officially secures enough electors to become president". AP News. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- Liptak, Adam (December 11, 2020). "Supreme Court Rejects Texas Suit Seeking to Subvert Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- "Order in Pending Case" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United States. December 11, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Diaz, Daniella. "Brief from 126 Republicans supporting Texas lawsuit in Supreme Court". CNN. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Smith, David (December 12, 2020). "Supreme court rejects Trump-backed Texas lawsuit aiming to overturn election results". The Guardian. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
- "Pelosi Statement on Supreme Court Rejecting GOP Election Sabotage Lawsuit" (Press release). Speaker Nancy Pelosi. December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
- Williams, Kari (January 7, 2021). "Sens. Hawley, Marshall double down on opposition to Electoral College vote". KSHB. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- Dixon, Hailey (January 8, 2021). "Marshall: US must have peaceful transition to President-elect Biden". The Mercury. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
- "Roll Call Vote 117th Congress - 1st Session". USSen. U.S. Senate. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- Motter, Sarah; Broyles, Jared (January 8, 2021). "KS Democrats call for expulsion of Sen. Marshall, Congressmen, GOP calls it un-American". WIBW. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
- "Four Kansas elected leaders put their own ambitions ahead of their country in challenging Electoral College". McPherson Sentinel. January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
- "Which senators supported a Jan. 6 Capitol riot commission". Washington Post. May 28, 2021.
- Deangela McDougald (February 28, 2017). "Congressman Marshall "not convinced" on medical marijuana". Junction City Post. Archived from the original on March 1, 2017.
- Andy Tsubasa Field (September 2, 2020). "Senate candidate Marshall slams Facebook virus 'censorship'". Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
- Tidd, Jason; Lefler, Dion (September 1, 2020). "Facebook removes Roger Marshall's post on CDC coronavirus death data, congressman says". The Wichita Eagle. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
- Aschwanden, Christie (October 20, 2020). "Debunking the False Claim That COVID Death Counts Are Inflated". scientificamerican.com. Scientific American. Archived from the original on October 28, 2020. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
- Hanna, John (August 29, 2020). "2 Kansas doctors but differing COVID-19 takes in Senate race". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 9, 2020. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
U.S. Rep. Roger Marshall's audience of about 40 people packed a banquet room in a Kansas City-area bistro. No one wore a mask during his lunchtime remarks about the coronavirus. ... the congressman has gone to at least a few events where guidance on masks and distancing isn't followed
- "Kansas Will Require Masks In Public Spaces Statewide Starting Friday". KCUR. June 29, 2020. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
- Lev Facher, A Senate race in Kansas between two doctors sets the stage for an election hyper-focused on health policy — and on Covid-19, Statnews (September 9, 2020): "has repeatedly criticized the congressman for his appearance at indoor campaign events without a mask, in defiance of local health orders. One appearance in suburban Wyandotte County, at which Marshall appeared bare-faced inside a room with several dozen maskless voters, earned him a sharp rebuke from the Kansas City Star's editorial board."
- Kansas cases dropped after statewide mask order, data shows, The Wichita Eagle (August 16, 2020): "This summer, GOP Senate candidates Roger Marshall and Kris Kobach regularly appeared at public events without a mask."
- "Kansas Rep. Roger Marshall, 'relieved' Trump is taking risky COVID-19 drug, does same". Kansas City Star. 2020.
- "Marshall isn't convinced of climate change". KSN-TV. June 5, 2017. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
- Curtis Tate, Firebrand Kansas congressman feels heat in Republican primary, McClatchy DC (July 22, 2016).
- Rogers, Alex (April 14, 2021). "Senate advances bill to combat surge of anti-Asian hate crimes". CNN. Retrieved April 14, 2021.
- "On Cloture on the Motion to Proceed (Motion to Invoke Cloture Re: Motion to Proceed to S. 937)". United States Senate. April 14, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2021.
- Lev Facher (March 3, 2017). "Two months ago, this doctor was delivering babies. Now he's at the nexus of the Obamacare fight". Stat via Boston Globe Media. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 256". Retrieved October 22, 2018.
- "The Kansas Senate race is hyper-focused on health policy and Covid-19". STAT. September 9, 2020. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
- Bryan Lowry (May 5, 2017). "Poor 'just don't want health care,' congressman says, and the backlash begins". Miami Herald. Great Bend, Kansas. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- Jonathan Chait (March 3, 2017). "Republican Congressman: Repeal Obamacare Because Poor People Don't Want to Be Healthy". New York.
- Justin Wingerter, Kansas Farm Bureau endorses Roger Marshall over Rep. Tim Huelskamp: Support of KFB is noteworthy in rural 1st District, Topeka Capital Journal (July 8, 2016). Archived February 8, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
- Danielle Bernstein, Kansas Lawmaker Who Opposed Farm Bill Faces Blowback, Bloomberg News (July 19, 2016).
- Almukhtar, Sarah (December 19, 2017). "How Each House Member Voted on the Tax Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
- Folley, Aris (June 1, 2023). "Here are the senators who voted against the bill to raise the debt ceiling". The Hill. Retrieved June 17, 2023.
- "Final vote Results for Roll Call 560". house.gov. Retrieved July 14, 2023.
- Blake, Aaron (January 31, 2017). "Whip Count: Here's where Republicans stand on Trump's controversial travel ban". The Washington Post.
- Justin Wingerter, Congressional challenger Roger Marshall supports paths for immigrants, block grants to replace ACA, Topeka Capital-Journal (July 16, 2015).
- "Physician Marshall ousts US Rep. Huelskamp in Kansas primary". Newscenter1.tv. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Mary Clarkin. "Marshall announces Senate run - News - PrattTribune - Pratt, KS - Pratt, KS". PrattTribune. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
- KWCH. "Dr. Roger Marshall performs CPR on train-crash patient". Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- "Kansas Senate (R)". Decision Desk HQ. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
- "Religious affiliation of members of 118th Congress" (PDF). PEW Research Center. Retrieved July 14, 2023.
- "2020 General Election - Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Kansas Secretary of State. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
- Roger Marshall for Senate official campaign website
- Roger Marshall at Curlie
- Senator Roger Marshall official senate website
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Appearances on C-SPAN