Roger Martin du Gard
|Roger Martin du Gard|
23 March 1881|
|Died||22 August 1958
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Literature
Roger Martin du Gard (French: [dy gaʁ]; 23 March 1881 – 22 August 1958) was a French author and winner of the 1937 Nobel Prize for Literature. Trained as a paleographer and archivist, Martin du Gard brought to his works a spirit of objectivity and a scrupulous regard for detail. Because of his concern with documentation and with the relationship of social reality to individual development, he has been linked with the realist and naturalist traditions of the 19th century. His major work was The Thibaults, a multi-volume roman fleuve that follows the fortunes of the two brothers, Antoine and Jacques Thibault, from their upbringing in a prosperous Catholic bourgeois family to the end of the First World War. Six parts of the novel were published between 1922 and 1929; Martin du Gard abandoned a seventh in manuscript before completing the two final installments, l'Été 1914 and l'Épilogue. Written under the shadow of the darkening international situation in Europe in the 1930s, these last parts, which together are longer than the previous six combined, focus on the political and historical situation leading up to the outbreak of the First World War, and conclude with the death of Antoine Thibault in 1918.
Martin du Gard wrote several other novels, including Jean Barois, which was set against the historical context of the Dreyfus Affair. During the Second World War, he resided in Nice, where he prepared a novel (Souvenirs du lieutenant-colonel de Maumort) that remained unfinished at his death; it was posthumously published in 1983. His other works include plays and a memoir of André Gide, a longtime friend.
Partial list of works
- Devenir ! (1908)
- Jean Barois (1913)
- Les Thibault (1922–1940) (translated as The Thibaults and Summer 1914)
- Vieille France (1933) (translated as The Postman)
- Notes sur André Gide (1951)
- Souvenirs du lieutenant-colonel de Maumort (posthumously published in 1983; translated as Lieutenant-Colonel de Maumort)
- Roger Martin du Gard, 1937 Nobel Laureate for Literature
- About Roger Martin du Gard
- Petri Liukkonen. "Roger Martin du Gard". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Archived from the original on 4 July 2013.