Moore in 1973
Roger George Moore
14 October 1927
Stockwell, London, England
|Died||23 May 2017 (aged 89)|
|Burial place||Monaco Cemetery|
|Alma mater||Royal Academy of Dramatic Art|
His most notable television role was playing the main character, Simon Templar, in the British television series The Saint from 1962 to 1969. He also had roles in some American television shows and films in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including replacing James Garner and portraying Beau Maverick in the Maverick series in 1960–1961. Moore starred with Tony Curtis in The Persuaders television series in 1971 to 1972, and had roles in several theatrical films in the 1970s and 1980s.
Moore was appointed a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 1991 and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 2003 for services to charity. In 2007, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the film industry. In 2008, the government of France made him a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters.
Roger Moore was born on 14 October 1927 in Stockwell, London. He was the only child of George Alfred Moore (1904–1997), a policeman (PC168E based in Bow Street, London), and Lillian "Lily" (Pope; 1904–1986). His mother was born in Calcutta, India, to an English family. He attended Battersea Grammar School, but was evacuated to Holsworthy in Devon during the Second World War, and attended Launceston College in Cornwall. He was further educated at Dr Challoner's Grammar School in Amersham, Buckinghamshire.
Moore was apprenticed to an animation studio, but was fired after he made a mistake with some animation cels. When his father investigated a robbery at the home of film director Brian Desmond Hurst, Moore was introduced to the director and hired as an extra for the 1945 film Caesar and Cleopatra. While there, Moore attracted an off-camera female fan following, and Hurst decided to pay Moore's fees at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Moore spent three terms at RADA, where he was a classmate of his future Bond co-star Lois Maxwell, the original Miss Moneypenny. During his time there, he developed the Mid-Atlantic accent and relaxed demeanour that became his screen persona.
At 18, shortly after the end of the Second World War, Moore was conscripted for national service. On 21 September 1946, he was commissioned into the Royal Army Service Corps as a second lieutenant. He was given the service number 372394. He was an officer in the Combined Services Entertainment section, eventually becoming a captain commanding a small depot in West Germany. There he looked after entertainers for the armed forces passing through Hamburg.
Early work (1945–1953)
Moore had some early uncredited appearances in Perfect Strangers, Caesar and Cleopatra (both 1945), Gaiety George, Piccadilly Incident (both 1946), and Trottie True (1949) appearing alongside an uncredited Christopher Lee (both actors being cast by Brian Desmond Hurst as stage-door Johnnies).
In his book Last Man Standing: Tales from Tinseltown, Moore states that his first television appearance was on 27 March 1949 in The Governess by Patrick Hamilton, a live broadcast (as usual in that era), in which he played the minor part of Bob Drew. Other actors in the show included Clive Morton and Betty Ann Davies. He had uncredited parts in films including Paper Orchid and The Interrupted Journey (both 1949). He was in Drawing-Room Detective on TV and appeared in the films One Wild Oat and Honeymoon Deferred (both 1951).
In the early 1950s Moore worked as a model, appearing in print advertisements in the UK for knitwear (earning him the nickname "The Big Knit") and a wide range of other products such as toothpaste.
Moore travelled to the United States and began to work in television. He appeared in adaptations of Julius Caesar and Black Chiffon, and in two episodes of Robert Montgomery Presents, as well as the TV movie The Clay of Kings (all 1953).
In March 1954, MGM signed Moore to a long-term contract. He started his MGM contract with a small role in The Last Time I Saw Paris (1954), flirting with Elizabeth Taylor. He appeared in Interrupted Melody, a biographical movie about opera singer Marjorie Lawrence's recovery from polio, in which he was billed third under Glenn Ford and Eleanor Parker as Lawrence's brother Cyril. That same year, he played a supporting role in the swashbuckler The King's Thief starring Ann Blyth, Edmund Purdom, David Niven and George Sanders.
In the 1956 film Diane, Moore was billed third again, this time under Lana Turner and Pedro Armendariz, in a 16th-century period piece set in France with Moore playing Prince Henri, the future king. Moore was released from his MGM contract after two years following the film's critical and commercial failure. In his own words, "At MGM, RGM [Roger George Moore] was NBG [no bloody good]."
Moore's first success was playing the eponymous hero, Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe, in the 1958–59 series Ivanhoe, a loose adaptation of the 1819 romantic novel by Sir Walter Scott set in the 12th century during the era of Richard the Lionheart, delving into Ivanhoe's conflict with Prince John. Shot mainly in England at Elstree Studios and Buckinghamshire, some of the show was also filmed in California owing to a partnership with Columbia Studios' Screen Gems. Aimed at younger audiences, the pilot was filmed in colour, a reflection of its comparatively high budget for a British children's adventure series of the period, but subsequent episodes were shot in black and white. Christopher Lee and John Schlesinger were among the show's guest stars, and series regulars included Robert Brown (who in the 1980s played M in several James Bond films) as the squire Gurth, Peter Gilmore as Waldo Ivanhoe, Andrew Keir as villainous Prince John, and Bruce Seton as noble King Richard. Moore suffered broken ribs and a battle-axe blow to his helmet while performing some of his own stunts filming a season of 39 half-hour episodes, and later reminisced, "I felt a complete Charlie riding around in all that armour and damned stupid plumed helmet. I felt like a medieval fireman."
Warner Bros. (1959–1961)
After that, he spent a few years mainly doing one-shot parts in television series, including an episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents in 1959 titled "The Avon Emeralds". He signed another long-term contract to a studio, this time to Warner Bros.
In 1959, he took the lead role in The Miracle, a version of the play Das Mirakel for Warner Bros. showcasing Carroll Baker as a nun. The part had been turned down by Dirk Bogarde. That same year, Moore was directed by Arthur Hiller in "The Angry Young Man", an episode of the television series The Third Man starring Michael Rennie as criminal mastermind Harry Lime, the role portrayed by Orson Welles in the film version.
The Alaskans (1959–1960)
Moore's next television series involved playing the lead as "Silky" Harris for the ABC/Warner Bros. 1959–60 Western The Alaskans, with co-stars Dorothy Provine as Rocky, Jeff York as Reno, and Ray Danton as Nifty. The show ran for a single season of 37 hour-long episodes on Sunday nights. Though set in Skagway, Alaska, with a focus on the Klondike Gold Rush around 1896, the series was filmed in the hot studio lot at Warner Bros. in Hollywood with the cast costumed in fur coats and hats. Moore found the work highly taxing and his off-camera affair with Provine complicated matters even more.
He subsequently appeared as the questionable character "14 Karat John" in the two-part episode "Right Off the Boat" of the ABC/WB crime drama The Roaring 20s, with Rex Reason, John Dehner, Gary Vinson, and Dorothy Provine, appearing in a similar role, but with a different character name.
In the wake of The Alaskans, Moore was cast as Beau Maverick, an English-accented cousin of frontier gamblers Bret Maverick (James Garner), Bart Maverick (Jack Kelly), and Brent Maverick (Robert Colbert) in the much more successful ABC/WB Western series Maverick. Sean Connery was flown over from Britain to test for the part, but turned it down.
Moore appeared as the character in 14 episodes after Garner had left the series at the end of the previous season, wearing some of Garner's costumes; while filming The Alaskans he had already recited much of Garner's dialogue, for the Klondike series frequently recycled Maverick scripts, changing only the names and locales. He had also filmed a Maverick episode with Garner two seasons earlier, in which Moore played a different character, in a retooling of Richard Brinsley Sheridan's 1775 comedy of manners play The Rivals. In the course of the story, Moore and Garner's characters switched names on a bet, with Moore consequently identifying himself as "Bret Maverick" through most of the episode.
Moore's debut as Beau Maverick occurred in the first episode of the 1960–61 fourth season, "The Bundle From Britain", one of four episodes in which he shared screen time with cousin Bart (Jack Kelly). Robert Altman wrote and directed "Bolt from the Blue", an episode featuring Will Hutchins as a frontier lawyer similar to his character in the series Sugarfoot, and "Red Dog" found Beau mixed up with vicious bank robbers Lee Van Cleef and John Carradine. Kathleen Crowley was Moore's leading lady in two episodes ("Bullet For the Teacher" and "Kiz"), and others included Mala Powers, Roxane Berard, Fay Spain, Merry Anders, Andra Martin, and Jeanne Cooper. Upon leaving the series, Moore cited a decline in script quality since the Garner era as the key factor in his decision to depart; ratings for the show were also down. Moore was originally slated to appear with both Jack Kelly and Robert Colbert in the series but by the time Colbert starred in his first episode, Moore had already left the series. Numerous early publicity stills of Kelly, Moore and Colbert posing together exist, however.
Moore was still under contract with Warners, who cast him in The Sins of Rachel Cade (1961), making love to a nun played by Angie Dickinson, and Gold of the Seven Saints (1961), supporting Clint Walker. He went to Italy to make Romulus and the Sabines (1961).
The Saint (1962–1969)
Lew Grade cast Moore as Simon Templar in a new adaptation of The Saint, based on the novels by Leslie Charteris. Moore said in an interview in 1963 that he wanted to buy the rights to Leslie Charteris's character and the trademarks. The television series was broadcast by ITV in the UK between 1962 and 1969, and its overseas success made Moore a household name. After the strong performance in the US of the first two series in first-run syndication, NBC picked up the show in 1966. By early 1967, Moore had achieved international stardom. The series established his suave, quipping style which he carried forward to James Bond, and also saw him exhibit his trademark raised eyebrow. Francis Blagburn in The Telegraph writes,
The raised eyebrow is perhaps the hardest facial gesture to perfect in the gentleman's arsenal. Get it right and you give the impression of someone who is in total control; get it wrong and you look like, well, Dwayne 'The Rock' Johnson (and no one wants that). Sir Roger wrote the book in how to raise an eyebrow... as Simon Templar, he cooly infers that he knows, and he knows that you know that he knows.
The Saint ran from 1962 for six series and 118 episodes. Moore went on to direct several episodes of the later series, which moved into colour in 1967. Moore grew increasingly tired of the role, and was keen to branch out.
Post-Saint films and The Persuaders! (1969–1972)
He made two films immediately after the series ended: Crossplot (1969), a lightweight 'spy caper' movie, and the more challenging The Man Who Haunted Himself (1970). Directed by Basil Dearden, it gave Moore the opportunity to demonstrate greater versatility than the role of Simon Templar had allowed. In 2004, Moore said of The Man Who Haunted Himself: "It was one of the few times I was allowed to act... Many say my best role was in The Man Who Haunted Himself. Being a modest actor, I won't disagree."
Lew Grade lured Moore to star alongside Tony Curtis in The Persuaders!. The show featured the adventures of two millionaire playboys across Europe. Moore was paid the then-unheard-of sum of £1 million for a single series, making him the highest-paid television actor in the world. Lew Grade claimed in his autobiography Still Dancing, that Moore and Curtis "didn't hit it off all that well". Curtis refused to spend more time on set than was strictly necessary, while Moore was always willing to work overtime.
According to the DVD commentary, neither Roger Moore, an uncredited co-producer, nor Robert S. Baker, the credited producer, ever had a contract other than a handshake with Lew Grade. They produced the entire 24 episodes without a single written word guaranteeing that they would ever be paid.
The series failed in the United States, where it had been sold to ABC, which Curtis put down to its showing at the Saturday 10pm slot, but it was successful in Europe and Australia. In Germany, where the series was aired under the name Die Zwei ("The Two"), it became a hit through especially amusing dubbing which only barely used translations of the original dialogue. It was also popular in Britain, although on its premiere on the ITV network, it was beaten in the ratings by repeats of Monty Python's Flying Circus on BBC One. Channel 4 repeated The Persuaders! in 1995. Since then the series has been issued on DVD, while in France, where the series (entitled Amicalement Vôtre – "Yours Sincerely") had always been popular, the DVD releases accompanied a monthly magazine of the same name.
James Bond era (1973–1985)
Live and Let Die (1973)
Owing to his commitment to several television shows, in particular The Saint, Roger Moore was unavailable for the James Bond films for a considerable time. His participation in The Saint was as actor, producer, and director, and he also became involved in developing the series The Persuaders!. In 1964, he made a guest appearance as James Bond in the comedy series Mainly Millicent. Moore stated in his autobiography My Word Is My Bond (2008) that he had neither been approached to play the character in Dr. No, nor did he feel that he had ever been considered. Only after Sean Connery had declared in 1966 that he would not play Bond any longer did Moore become aware that he might be a contender for the role. After George Lazenby was cast in 1969's On Her Majesty's Secret Service and Connery was enticed back to the role of Bond again for Diamonds Are Forever (1971), Moore did not consider the possibility until it seemed clear that Connery had stepped down as Bond for good. At that point, Moore was approached, and he accepted producer Albert Broccoli's offer in August 1972. In his autobiography, Moore writes that he had to cut his hair and lose weight for the role. Although he resented having to make those changes, he was finally cast as James Bond in Live and Let Die (1973).
Moore then made Gold (1974), based on a novel by Wilbur Smith for producer Michael Klinger and director Peter R. Hunt (who had an editing role in the first five Bond films and directed On Her Majesty's Secret Service). He was paid US$200,000 plus a percentage of the profits.
The Man with the Golden Gun (1974) and The Spy Who Loved Me (1977)
Moore made his second Bond movie, The Man with the Golden Gun (1974), which was a hit, though less successful than Live and Let Die. It featured Christopher Lee as the main antagonist. Also appearing are Britt Ekland, Herve Villechaize, and Maud Adams. He then made a comedy That Lucky Touch (1975) which was a box office disaster. Moore made an Italian-shot action film Street People (1976), then went back to South Africa for another Klinger-Hunt movie from a Wilbur Smith novel, Shout at the Devil (1976), which was successful in Britain, though less so in the US. Lee Marvin was a main cast member. Ian Holm was also featured, as well as Barbara Parkins.
Moore returned for a third outing as Bond in The Spy Who Loved Me (1977), which was a massive box-office success. It also starred Barbara Bach, and Richard Kiel in his first appearance as the villain, Jaws. He returned to South Africa for a third action movie shot there, The Wild Geese (1978), produced by Euan Lloyd and directed by Andrew V. McLaglen. It was a sizeable hit in Britain and Europe but, like Shout at the Devil, less so in the US. The cast featured Richard Burton, who had top billing, and Richard Harris.
Moore played the lead in Escape to Athena (1979) partly financed by Lew Grade. It was a heist adventure set in war-time Greece, and stars Telly Savalas and David Niven, and features mostly American character actors, including Elliott Gould, Stefanie Powers, Richard Roundtree, Sonny Bono, and Italian actress Claudia Cardinale. Roger Moore (with top billing) plays a charming former Austrian antiquities dealer turned crooked camp commandant, asked to guard Greek antiquities desired by the Third Reich, and also guard the collection of archaeologists who are being forced to work to find and recover these objects, but he has other plans for the treasure he guards and for the people under his watch.
With the success of his fourth outing as Bond, Moonraker (1979), Moore followed it with an action film North Sea Hijack (1980) where Moore played a very un-Bond-like hero, opposite Anthony Perkins. The film was a box-office disappointment.
Better received was The Sea Wolves (1980), another World War Two adventure which reunited many of the crew from The Wild Geese including Euan Lloyd and McLaglen. It was based on the true story of a March 1943 event in British India and Portuguese Goa, in which a group of retired members of the Calcutta Light Horse, coloneled by David Niven's character, assist regular British Army operatives, played by Moore and Gregory Peck, in destroying German ships in neutral Mormugao harbor, all the time surrounded by German spies and Indian nationalist intrigue. Trevor Howard, Patrick Macnee, and Barbara Kellerman also co-star, with a who's who lineup of British character actors.
Moore was in two all-star comedies: Sunday Lovers (1980), which flopped at the box office, and The Cannonball Run (1981), which was a hit. The latter featured an ensemble cast, including Jackie Chan, Burt Reynolds, Dean Martin, Dom DeLuise, Sammy Davis Jr, and Farrah Fawcett.
For Your Eyes Only (1981) and Octopussy (1983)
Moore returned for his fifth outing as Bond in For Your Eyes Only (1981). Following this film, he expressed a desire to leave the role, and other actors were screen tested including James Brolin, but Moore was eventually enticed back for Octopussy (1983).
The circumstances around Octopussy's release were highly unusual in that another James Bond movie was being released in the same year. The Non-Eon production Never Say Never Again which featured his predecessor Sean Connery returning to the role of Bond although not canon to his previous Eon Bond films. This led to the media dubbing the one-time situation the "Battle of the Bonds".
He made a cameo as Chief Inspector Clouseau, posing as a famous movie star, in Curse of the Pink Panther (1983) (for which he was credited as "Turk Thrust II"). Then he tried a thriller The Naked Face (1984), written and directed by Bryan Forbes.
A View to a Kill (1985)
Moore starred in his final Bond film, A View to a Kill (1985). Moore was the oldest actor to have played Bond – he was 45 in Live and Let Die, and 58 when he announced his retirement on 3 December 1985, having played the part for over 12 years. With 7 films Moore currently holds the record for playing Bond the most number of times in the Eon series but is tied with Sean Connery in number of times playing the character when counting Connery's non-Eon appearance in Never Say Never Again (1983).
Moore's Bond was very different from the version created by Ian Fleming. Screenwriters such as George MacDonald Fraser provided scenarios in which Moore was cast as a seasoned, debonair playboy who would always have a trick or gadget in stock when he needed it. This was designed to serve the contemporary taste of the 1970s. Moore's version of Bond was also known for his sense of humour and witty one liners as Moore himself said, "My personality is different from previous Bonds. I’m not that cold-blooded-killer type. Which is why I play it mostly for laughs."
In 1987, he hosted Happy Anniversary 007: 25 Years of James Bond.
Post-James Bond career (1986–2017)
Moore did not act on screen for five years after he stopped playing Bond; in 1990, he appeared in several films and in the writer-director Michael Feeney Callan's television series My Riviera and starred in the film Bed & Breakfast which was shot in 1989; and also had a large role in the 1996 film The Quest; in 1997, he starred as the Chief in Spice World. At the age of 73, he played a flamboyant homosexual man in Boat Trip (2002) with Cuba Gooding Jr.
The British satirical puppet show Spitting Image had a sketch in which their latex likeness of Moore, when asked to display emotions by an offscreen director, did nothing but raise an eyebrow; Moore himself stated that he thought the sketch was funny and took it in good humour. Indeed, he had always embraced the "eyebrows" gag wholeheartedly, and quipped that he "only had three expressions as Bond: right eyebrow raised, left eyebrow raised, and eyebrows crossed when grabbed by Jaws". Spitting Image continued the joke, featuring a Bond film spoof, The Man with the Wooden Delivery, with Moore's puppet receiving orders from Margaret Thatcher to kill Mikhail Gorbachev. Other comedy shows at that time ridiculed Moore's acting, with Rory Bremner once claiming to have had a death threat from one of his irate fans following one such routine.
In a nod to his 1960s TV show Moore had a vocal cameo in The Saint (1997) as a radio newsreader as Simon Templar drives away at the end of the film. In the year 2000, Moore played the role of a secret agent in the Christmas special Victoria Wood with All the Trimmings, shown on BBC One on Christmas Day. Filming all his scenes in the London Eye, his mission was to eliminate another agent whose file photo looks like Pierce Brosnan. In 2002 he had a small cameo role in the German police procedural series Tatort (episode 506: "Schatten" – "Shadow", 28 July 2002) as a guest at the Bremen Sechs-Tagerennen.
In 2009, Moore appeared in an advertisements for the Post Office. In 2010, Moore provided the voice of a talking cat called Lazenby in the film Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore which contained several references to, and parodies of, Bond films. In 2011, Moore co-starred in the film A Princess for Christmas with Katie McGrath and Sam Heughan, and in 2012, he took to the stage for a series of seven 'Evenings with' in UK theatres and, in November, guest-hosted Have I Got News for You. Moore's last on-screen performance was in 2017 a brief appearance near the end of the remake of ‘The Saint’.
In 2015, Moore was named one of GQ's 50 best-dressed British men. In 2015, Moore read Hans Christian Andersen's "The Princess and The Pea" for the children's fairy tales app GivingTales in aid of UNICEF with other British celebrities, including Michael Caine, Ewan McGregor, Joan Collins, Stephen Fry, Joanna Lumley, David Walliams, Charlotte Rampling, Paul McKenna, and Michael Ball.
Moore's friend Audrey Hepburn had impressed him with her work for UNICEF, and consequently he became a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 1991. His character, Simon Templar, made a pitch for UNICEF near the end of The Revolution Racket, airing 5 November 1964. He was the voice of Father Christmas or 'Santa' in the 2004 UNICEF cartoon The Fly Who Loved Me.
Doorn Van Steyn
In 1946, aged 18, Moore married a fellow RADA student, the actress and ice skater Doorn Van Steyn (born Lucy Woodard), who was six years his senior; Moore and Van Steyn lived in Streatham with her family, but tension over money matters and her lack of confidence in his acting ability took their toll on the relationship, during which he allegedly suffered domestic abuse.
In 1952, Moore met the Welsh singer Dorothy Squires, who was 12 years his senior, and Van Steyn and Moore divorced the following year. Squires and Moore were married in New York. They lived in Bexley, Kent, after their wedding.
They moved to the United States in 1954 to develop their careers, but tension developed in their marriage due to their age difference and Moore's infatuation with starlet Dorothy Provine, and they moved back to the United Kingdom in 1961. Squires suffered a series of miscarriages during their marriage, and Moore later said the outcome of their marriage might have been different if they had been able to have children.
In their tempestuous relationship, Squires smashed a guitar over his head, and after learning of his affair with the Italian actress Luisa Mattioli, who became Moore's third wife, Moore said, "She threw a brick through my window. She reached through the glass and grabbed my shirt and she cut her arms doing it...The police came and they said, 'Madam, you're bleeding' and she said, 'It's my heart that's bleeding'." Squires intercepted letters from Mattioli to Moore and planned to include them in her autobiography, but the couple won injunctions against the publication in 1977, which led Squires to unsuccessfully sue them for loss of earnings. The numerous legal cases launched by Squires led her to be declared a vexatious litigant in 1987. Moore paid Squires's hospital bills after her cancer treatment in 1996, Squires died in 1998.
In 1961, while filming The Rape of the Sabine Women in Italy, Moore left Squires for the Italian actress Luisa Mattioli. Squires refused to accept their separation, and sued Moore for loss of conjugal rights, but Moore refused the court's order to return to Squires in 28 days. Squires also smashed windows at a house in France where Moore and Mattioli were living, and unsuccessfully sued actor Kenneth More for libel, as More had introduced Moore and Mattioli at a charity event as "Mr Roger Moore and his wife". Moore and Mattioli lived together until 1969, when Squires finally granted him a divorce, after they had been separated for seven years. At Moore's and Mattioli's marriage in April 1969 at the Caxton Hall in Westminster, London, a crowd of 600 people was outside, with women screaming his name.
Moore had three children with Mattioli: actress-daughter Deborah (born 1963) and two sons, Geoffrey and Christian. Geoffrey is also an actor, and appeared alongside his father in the films Sherlock Holmes in New York (1976) and Fire, Ice and Dynamite (1990). In later life, he co-founded Hush Restaurant in Mayfair, London, with Jamie Barber. Geoffrey and his wife Loulou have two daughters. Moore's younger son, Christian, is a film producer.
Kristina "Kiki" Tholstrup
Moore and Mattioli separated in 1993 after Moore developed feelings for a Swedish-born Danish socialite, Kristina "Kiki" Tholstrup. Moore later described his prostate cancer diagnosis in 1993 as "life-changing", which led him to reassess his life and marriage. Mattioli and Tholstrup had long been friends, but Mattioli was scathing of her in the book she subsequently wrote about her relationship with Moore, Nothing Lasts Forever, describing how she felt betrayed by Tholstrup and discarded by Moore.
Moore remained silent on his divorce from Mattioli, later saying that he did not wish to hurt his children by "engaging in a war of words". Moore's children refused to speak to him for a period after the divorce, but they were later reconciled with their father. Mattioli refused to grant Moore a divorce until 2000, when a £10 million settlement was agreed. Moore subsequently married Tholstrup in 2002. Moore said that he loved Tholstrup as she was "organised", "serene", "loving", and "calm", saying, "I have a difficult life. I rely on Kristina totally. When we are travelling for my job, she is the one who packs. Kristina takes care of all that". Moore also said that his marriage to Tholstrup was "a tranquil relationship, there are no arguments". Tholstrup had a daughter, Christina Knudsen, from a previous relationship; Knudsen described her stepfather as a positive influence, saying, "I was in difficult relationships but that all changed" when her mother met Moore. Christina Knudsen died from cancer on 25 July 2016, at the age of 47; Moore posted on Twitter, "We are heartbroken" and "We were all with her, surrounding her with love, at the end".
On politics, Moore stated he was a conservative and thought that conservatism is the way to run a country. The BBC listed Moore prior to the 2001 UK general election as a celebrity backer of the Conservative Party. In 2011, Moore gave his support to Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron regarding his policy on the European Union, stating:
I think he's doing absolutely wonderfully well, despite the opposition from many members of his own party. Traitors, I call them. I mean any hardliner within the Conservative Party who speaks out against their leader. You should support your leader.
Despite his conservative politics, Moore retained membership of the entertainment and media trade union BECTU until his death, having joined as an apprentice animation technician before his acting career took off. At his death, he was the union's longest-serving member
Moore became a tax exile from the United Kingdom in 1978, originally to Switzerland, and divided his year between his three homes: an apartment in Monte Carlo, Monaco; a chalet in Crans-Montana, Switzerland; and a home in the south of France. Moore became a resident of Monaco, having been appointed a Goodwill Ambassador of Monaco by Prince Albert II for his efforts in internationally promoting and publicising the principality. Moore was scathing of the Russian population in Monaco, saying, "I'm afraid we're overstuffed with Russians. All the restaurant menus are in Russian now."
Moore was vocal in his defence of his tax exile status, saying that in the 1970s, he had been urged by his "accountants, agents, and lawyers" that moving abroad was essential because "you would never be able to save enough to ensure that you had any sort of livelihood if you didn't work" as a result of the punitive taxation rates imposed on unearned income. Moore said in 2011 that his decision to live abroad was "not about tax. That's a serious part of it. I come back to England often enough not to miss it, to see the changes, to find some of the changes good...I paid my taxes at the time that I was earning a decent income, so I've paid my due".
Moore had a series of diseases during his childhood, including chickenpox, measles, mumps, double pneumonia and jaundice. He had an infection of his foreskin at the age of eight and underwent a circumcision, and had his appendix, tonsils, and adenoids removed.
In 2003, Moore collapsed on stage while appearing on Broadway, and was fitted with a pacemaker to treat a potentially deadly slow heartbeat. He was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 2013. Some years before his final cancer illness, a tumour spot was found in the liver. Then, in 2017, during his cancer treatment period, he had a fall which badly injured the collarbone.
Moore had friendships with some of Denmark's royal family; Prince Joachim and his then-wife Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg invited Moore and his wife Kiki to attend the christening of their youngest son, Prince Felix. In 2004 he attended the Wedding of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, and Mary Donaldson. On 24 May 2008, Moore and his wife attended the wedding of Prince Joachim to his French fiancée Marie Cavallier.
Moore also had a long-standing friendship with Princess Lilian of Sweden, whom he first met on a visit to Stockholm for UNICEF. Moore's wife Kristina, who was born in Sweden, was already a friend of Princess Lilian's through mutual friends. In his autobiography, Moore recalled meeting the princess for tea and dinners whenever his wife and he visited Stockholm. He spoke of his recollections at the princess's memorial service at St Peter and St Sigfrid's Church in Stockholm, on 8 September 2013.
Awards and legacy
Moore was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 1999 New Year Honours and was promoted to Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the 2003 Birthday Honours for charitable services, especially UNICEF and latterly Kiwanis International, which had dominated his public life for more than a decade. On being knighted, Moore said that the citation "meant far more to me than if I had got it for acting... I was proud because I received it on behalf of UNICEF as a whole and for all it has achieved over the years".
On 11 October 2007, three days before he turned 80, Moore was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work on television and in film. Attending the ceremony were family, friends, and Richard Kiel, with whom he had acted in The Spy Who Loved Me and Moonraker. Moore's star was the 2,350th star installed, and is appropriately located at 7007 Hollywood Boulevard.
On 28 October 2008, the French government appointed Moore a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. On 21 November 2012, Moore was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Hertfordshire for his outstanding contributions to the UK film and television industry for over 50 years, in particular film and television productions in Hertfordshire.
After his death, the Roger Moore Stage was opened at Pinewood Studios at a ceremony held in October 2017 to celebrate his life and work. His wife and family were in attendance along with Bond producers Michael G Wilson and Barbara Broccoli, and guests at the event included Joan Collins, Michael Caine, Stephen Fry, Tim Rice and Stefanie Powers.
For his charity work
- 2007: Dag Hammarskjöld Inspiration Award (UNICEF)
- 2004: UNICEF's Audrey Hepburn Humanitarian Award
- 2003: German Federal Cross of Merit (Bundesverdienstkreuz) for his UNICEF work:275
- 2003: Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
- 1999: Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
Lifetime achievements awards
- 2008: Commander of the French National Order of Arts and Letters (Ordre national des Arts et des Lettres)
- 2007: Hollywood Walk of Fame
- 2004: TELEKAMERA ("Tele Tydzień" Lifetime Achievement Award, Poland)
- 2002: Monte Carlo TV Festival (Lifetime Achievement Award)
- 2001: Lifetime achievement award (Filmfestival, Jamaica)
- 1997: Palm Springs film festival, USA, Lifetime Achievement Award
- 1995: TELE GATTO (Italian TV; Lifetime Achievement Award)
- 1991: GOLDEN CAMERA (German TV; lifetime achievement award)
- 1990: BAMBI (Lifetime Achievement Award from the German magazine BUNTE)
For his acting
- 1981: OTTO (Most popular Film Star; from German Magazine BRAVO)
- 1980: Golden Globe Henrietta Award for World Film Favorite – Male.
- 1980: Saturn Award (Most Popular International Performer)
- 1973: BAMBI (shared with Tony Curtis for "The Persuaders", from the German magazine BUNTE)
- 1973: BEST ACTOR IN TV, award from the French magazine TELE-7-JOURS, shared with Tony Curtis for "The Persuaders"
- 1967: ONDAS-AWARD (Spanish TV for "The Saint")
- 1967: OTTO (Most popular TV-star for "The Saint"; from German magazine BRAVO)
In popular culture
- Moore is referred to by name in Amy Winehouse's 2006–2007 song "You Know I'm No Good" with the line "By the time I'm out the door/You tear men down like Roger Moore."
- Roger Moore is contentiously credited with inspiring the Walls Magnum ice cream. In the 1960s, he reportedly said that his one wish would be for a choc ice on a stick. Walls created this product and sent one to Moore. They later launched the Magnum in 1989, which is now the world's top-selling ice cream brand.
|1954||The Last Time I Saw Paris||Paul|
|1955||Interrupted Melody||Cyril Lawrence|
|The King's Thief||Jack|
|1959||The Miracle||Capt. Michael Stuart|
|The Alaskans||Silky Harris|
|Maverick||Beau Maverick||TV series|
|1961||The Sins of Rachel Cade||Paul Wilton|
|Gold of the Seven Saints||Shaun Garrett|
|1962||Romulus and the Sabines||Romulus|
|No Man's Land||Enzo Prati|
|The Saint||Simon Templar||TV series|
|1968||The Fiction Makers||Simon Templar|
|1969||Vendetta for the Saint|
|1970||The Man Who Haunted Himself||Harold Pelham|
|1971||The Persuaders!||Brett Sinclair||TV series|
|1973||Live and Let Die||James Bond|
|The Man with the Golden Gun||James Bond|
|1975||That Lucky Touch||Michael Scott|
|Shout at the Devil||Sebastian Oldsmith|
|1977||Sherlock Holmes in New York||Sherlock Holmes|
|The Spy Who Loved Me||James Bond|
|1978||The Wild Geese||Lieutenant Shaun Fynn|
|1979||Escape to Athena||Major Otto Hecht|
|North Sea Hijack||Rufus Excalibur ffolkes|
|1980||The Sea Wolves||Captain Gavin Stewart|
|Sunday Lovers||Harry Lindon|
|1981||The Cannonball Run||Seymour Goldfarb|
|For Your Eyes Only||James Bond|
|Curse of the Pink Panther||Chief Insp. Jacques Clouseau|
|1984||The Naked Face||Dr. Judd Stevens|
|1985||A View to a Kill||James Bond|
|1987||The Magic Snowman||Lumi Ukko, the Snowman||Voice|
|1990||Fire, Ice and Dynamite||Sir George Windsor|
|Bullseye!||Sir John Bevistock|
|1992||Bed & Breakfast||Adam|
|1995||The Man Who Wouldn't Die||Thomas Grace|
|1996||The Quest||Lord Edgar Dobbs|
|1997||Spice World||The Chief|
|2001||The Enemy||Supt. Robert Ogilvie|
|2002||Boat Trip||Lloyd Faversham|
|2002||Tatort||Himself||Episode 506: "Schatten"|
|2010||Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore||Tab Lazenby||Voice|
|2011||A Princess for Christmas||Edward, Duke of Castlebury||TV film|
|2013||Incompatibles||Roger Moore||French film|
|2016||The Carer||Roger Moore|
|2017||The Saint||Jasper||Filmed in 2013|
Moore's book about the filming of Live and Let Die, based on his diaries, titled Roger Moore as James Bond: Roger Moore's Own Account of Filming Live and Let Die, was published in London in 1973, by Pan Books. The book includes an acknowledgment to Sean Connery, with whom Moore was friends for many years: "I would also like to thank Sean Connery – with whom it would not have been possible."
On 16 October 2012, Bond on Bond was published to tie in with the 50th anniversary of the James Bond films. The book, with many pictures, is based on Moore's own memories, thoughts, and anecdotes about all things 007, with some of the profits of the book going to UNICEF.
- Roger Moore as James Bond: Roger Moore's Own Account of Filming Live and Let Die. 1973. ISBN 9780330236539.
- My Word Is My Bond: The Autobiography. 2008. ISBN 9781843173878.
- Bond on Bond: The Ultimate Book on 50 Years of Bond Movies. 2012. ISBN 9781843178613.
- Last Man Standing. 2014. ISBN 9781782432074.
(published as One Lucky Bastard in the United States)
- À bientôt …. 2017. ISBN 9781782438618.
- "Roger Moore: Ein Schweizer Werbestar".
- "Roger Moore, the longest-serving Bond" CNN, 23 May 2017; Retrieved 23 May 2017
- "Sir Roger Moore: 'Sir Sean Connery is the best Bond'" BBC News, 10 October 2012; Retrieved 23 May 2017
- "Roger Moore obituary: the star who gave James Bond a martini-dry wit". BFI. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Roger Moore Biography (1927–)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Sellers, Robert (23 May 2017). "Sir Roger Moore: Remembering the quintessential English actor forever linked with James Bond and The Saint". The Independent. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Genealogy Reviews: Families of the Famous: James Bond".
- "At war again". Dr Challoner's Grammar School. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
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- "How it all began..." Combined Services Entertainment. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Moore, Roger (2014). Last Man Standing: Tales from Tinseltown. London: Michael O'Mara Books. ISBN 978-1-78243-207-4.
- "Roger Moore's life and career in pictures: from knitwear model to 007". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- Pryor, Thomas M. (20 March 1954). "ERROL FLYNN ENDS PACT AT WARNERS". The New York Times.
- "Interrupted Melody". American Film Institute. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- Maltin, Leonard (2005). Leonard Maltin's Classic Movie Guide. Penguin. ISBN 9780698197299.
- "Ivanhoe (1958)". ScreenOnline. BFI.
- "Ivanhoe at Television Heaven". Archived from the original on 6 October 2008.
- "Roger Moore: 1927–2017". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- p.111 Callan, Michael Feeney Sean Connery 2002 Virgin Publishing
- "Moore answer to a June 2007 question on his official website". Roger Moore. Archived from the original on 21 August 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "MAVERICK Mondays: "The Rivals" (1959)". The Horn Section. Blogspot. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "8 Cancelled TV Shows That Got A 'Twin Peaks'-Style Revival". indiewire.com. 8 October 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "From Playing James Bond to His Humanitarian Work: Roger Moore's Life in Pictures". People. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
- "The quintessential Englishman: what we learned from Sir Roger Moore". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- Malone, Aubrey (20 September 2013). The Defiant One:A Biography of Tony Curtis. p. 149. ISBN 978-0786475957.
- Rozen, Leah (19 October 2012). "50 Years of James Bond: Roger Moore, Seven Times 007". BBC America. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
[Moore] played James Bond in 1964 on TV opposite British actress Millicent Martin in a guest appearance on her BBC comedy show, Mainly Millicent.
- British Culture and Society in the 1970s: The Lost Decade edited by Laurel Forster, Sue Harper
- Weber, Bruce (11 September 2014). "Richard Kiel Dies at 74; Played Jaws in Bond Films". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
- "The Global Film: Will It Play in Uruguay?: The Global Film". By John M. Wilson. The New York Times, 26 November 1978: D1.
- "If a film chews gum, it's American", The Guardian (1959–2003) [London (UK)] 5 July 1980: 9.
- "James Bond: James Brolin was set to REPLACE Roger Moore in Octopussy". Daily Express. Express Newspapers.
- "James Bond: 12(!) actors, and 26 movies in 54 years". the web log of Evert. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Roger Moore: debonair 007 played Bond role for laughs". The Australian. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
- "Roger Moore". BFI. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- Champlin, Charles (17 September 1989). "Roger Moore and Talia Shire Take Sequel Break". Los Angeles Times.
- "6 memorable Roger Moore roles including James Bond 007". New York Daily News. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- Bremner, Rory Beware of Imitations (1999)
- "Episode 6 Have I Got News for You, Series 44 Episode 6 of 11". BBC One. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain 2015". GQ. 5 January 2015. Archived from the original on 7 January 2015.
- "Roger Moore backs children's fairy tales app in aid of Unicef". The Guardian. 18 June 2015.
- The Revolution Racket, retrieved 6 December 2019
- "The Fly Who Loved Me (directed by Dan Chambers)". Unicef.org.uk. Archived from the original on 29 September 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- McGrath, Nick (30 September 2012). "Roger Moore: 'I love cash. The sheer luxury of crispy £1 notes'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Roger Moore (10 October 2009). My Word is My Bond: The Autobiography. Michael OMara. pp. 36–. ISBN 978-1-84317-419-6.
- Sir Roger Moore: James Bond actor 'beaten up by first two wives' The Telegraph, 12 September 2012
- "Obituary: Dorothy Squires", The Times, London, 15 April 1998, pg. 21
- May, Luke. "Sir Roger Moore, former James Bond actor, Bexley and Tunbridge Wells resident, dies aged 89 from cancer". Kentnews.co.uk. Archant. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Retrieved May 2017
- "Moore pays for Squires operation." The Times, London, 31 May 1996, pg. 6
- Davies, Hugh (10 October 2000). "Roger Moore pays wife £10m in divorce deal". The Telegraph. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- "News in Brief", The Times, London, 12 April 1969, pg. 3
- Cavendish, Lucy (17 November 2003). "Roger Moore Saint or Sinner?". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Anstead, Mark (10 August 2002). "Yes, the name's bonds". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- James Bone. "Roger Moore's £10m divorce." The Times, London, 10 October 2000
- Lee, Veronica (26 October 2003). "Roger Moore interview: 'If I had 24 hours to live, I'd make a dry martini'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Roger Moore's Daughter, Christina Knudsen, Dies Aged 47 – Huffington Post UK
- "Sir Roger Moore on Twitter".
- "Sir Roger Moore on Twitter".
- "'Sean played Bond as a killer – I played him as a lover': Roger Moore's best quotes". The Telegraph. 23 May 2017.
- "Campaigning with the stars". BBC News. 14 May 2001. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- "Sir Roger Moore: 'I've paid my dues in taxes'". NME. 11 December 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
- "BECTU has expressed sadness at the death of Sir Roger Moore, aged 89".
- Julia Llewelyn Smith (30 April 2014). "Sir Roger Moore: 'I can't drink martinis any more – but life is bliss'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- "Monaco Ambassador's Club – News". Monaco Ambassadors Club. Prince's Palace of Monaco. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "Sir Roger Moore defends decision to live in Monaco and Switzerland". The Scotsman. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Gordon, Bryony (24 September 2008). "Sir Roger Moore: I'm the worst James Bond, they say". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Chase, Chris (26 June 1981). "At the Movies: Roger Moore is anybody's replacement". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "Roger Moore: 'It's all a bit of a joke'". Sunday Star Times. 14 November 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- McKay, Sinclair (11 October 2008). "Review: Roger Moore: My Word Is My Bond by Roger Moore". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 May 2017; "Bond star Sir Roger Moore gets asked strange stuff". Newsbeat. BBC News. 30 March 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- Moore, Roger (1973). Roger Moore As James Bond: Roger Moore's Own Account of Filming 'Live and Let Die'. London: Pan Books. pp. 15, 46. ISBN 9780330236539.
- Moore, Roger (2012). Bond on Bond: Reflections on 50 Years of James Bond Movies. Guilford, Conn.: Lyons Press. p. 141. ISBN 9780762782819.
- France, Lisa (23 May 2017). "Roger Moore, '007' actor, dies at 89". CNN. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "Roger Moore collapses on stage". The Guardian. 9 May 2003. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "Sir Roger Moore – Nobody Does It Better". BBC Radio 2. 26 December 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "Roger Moore's daughter – My kind, naughty, funny dad". Australian Womens Weekly. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "Sir Roger Moore, James Bond actor, dies at age 89". BBC News. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "Family tweet re death of Sir Roger Moore". Twitter.com. 23 May 2017.
- "Six Royals and 007: Memorial Service for Princess Lilian". The Diplomatic Dispatch. Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Barchfield, Jenny (30 June 2011). "Monaco palace releases wedding guest list". Forbes. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "No. 55354". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1998. p. 23.
- "No. 56963". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 2003. p. 24.
- Watson, Leon; Krol, Charlotte (23 May 2017). "Sir Roger Moore, James Bond actor, dies of cancer aged 89". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "Roger Moore Official Site". Roger-moore.com. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- "Roger Moore, Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres". Le Parisien (in French). 28 October 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "University of Hertfordshire News". University of Hertfordshire. Archived from the original on 4 April 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "Roger Moore stage opened at Pinewood Studios". BBC News. 21 December 2017.
- "Sir Roger Moore receives Dag Hammarskjöld Inspiration Award for his work with UNICEF". UNICEF. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "Katy Perry gets charity award for her work with children from Hillary Clinton". Newsbeat. BBC News. 30 November 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Actor Roger Moore Receives the Federal Service Fotografia de Noticias. Getty Images. 10 February 2003.
- "Winners & Nominees Henrietta Award (World Film Favorites)". Golden Globe Awards. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- "Roger Moore, the Suave James Bond in Seven Films, Dies at 89". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
- Smith, Neil (7 June 2017). "Seven celebs who invented things". BBC News. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
- "Roger Moore is shooting "Christmas at Castlebury Hall" in Romania". Nine O'Clock. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
- "Roger Moore's 1973 Book About The Making Of LIVE AND LET DIE Is Straight-Up Bonkers". birthmoviesdeath.com. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Roger Moore's official website". Roger-moore.com. 12 January 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- "Bond on Bond Review". mi6-hq.com. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
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